Kalanchoe Degremona is considered one of the most useful medicinal plants, which has healing properties for humans. Almost every gardener knows about its medicinal characteristics that are not inherent in similar succulent plants. This plant has large oblong leaves, which are almost impossible to confuse with anything else. In this article, we learn more about this plant and its properties in more detail, get acquainted with the processes of transplantation, reproduction and care.
Kalanchoe Degremona refers to succulent plants from the family Crassulaceae, which are actively growing throughout the world. It is believed that this plant has been cultivated in Europe since the 20th century.
Kalanchoe has a straight stem that does not branch. Maximum plant reaches a height of 1 meter, the leaves give a green sheen, fleshy, and the edges are slightly bent inward. On the cloves of leaves, buds are regularly formed, which, when falling off, immediately root due to the presence of small roots on them.
The root system of Kalanchoe is well developed, branched. When a plant blooms, pink or reddish flowers can be observed on it. Flowering, as a rule, lasts no more than 14 days and is not considered favorable for Kalanchoe. It is believed that the plant begins to bloom when it is poorly looked after. This is due to the fact that in most cases, after flowering, the plant completely dies.
Kalanchoe Degremona is a succulent, which is valued for its healing properties not only in traditional medicine, but also in official medicine. Based on this plant, many drugs with a wide spectrum of action are created. Kalanchoe is believed to have certain anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and sedative properties. According to some reports, the plant helps in the regeneration of wounds of various origins. With the help of Kalanchoe juice and tincture on it, respiratory infections, as well as various dermatitis on the skin, burns and wounds can be cured at home.
However, prior to any use of Kalanchoe for medical purposes, a specialist consultation is recommended.
Kalanchoe Degremona is considered not too demanding in care when developing at home. This plant is suitable for growing even for beginner gardeners.
Kalanchoe is considered a photophilous succulent, and therefore penumbra areas in the room are quite suitable for its normal development. The ideal daylight hours for a plant should be approximately 12 hours. But in the summer, it is undesirable to take out the plant under the scorching sun, for leaves it is too dangerous. Experts recommend placing Kalanchoe on the windowsills of the western or eastern side of the dwelling.
The most comfortable and optimal temperature for growth is considered to be a temperature of +20 degrees.
In winter, it is also desirable to maintain a predominantly warm temperature regime, since the plant may begin to rot from severe cold and high humidity.
Since Kalanchoe is a succulent plant, it is not necessary to spray it regularly, it tolerates dry air quite well. Excessive moisture and excessive watering can only harm, because Kalanchoe retains so much moisture in its large leaves.
Mostly, Kalanchoe loves dry and not waterlogged soil, so there is no need to water it constantly. Excessive watering can lead to rotting of the root system and stems.
That is why it is worth watering the plant only if the soil is too dry, in the winter season, once every one month is enough.
Over time, Kalanchoe Degremona pulls the stem very strongly, which is why it is often necessary to pinch it so that it does not stretch so much, and the plant does not become shapeless.
The trimmed top is very often used as a handle, from which a new plant grows beautifully.
Trimming the top is best done with a small pruner or scissors, as Kalanchoe is quite fragile.
Adult Kalanchoe should be transplanted once every 2-3 years. This is due to the fact that the root system abundantly grows in this plant and the capacity in which it grows becomes small. As a result of untimely transplantation, the plant may die.
For transplanting, it is best to use soil for succulent plants, which can be purchased at any garden store. You can also prepare the soil yourself, usually for this they use turfy soil, humus and sand. Holes are necessarily made at the bottom of the landing tank and drainage is laid.
It is not recommended to use fertilizers from the garden during the first transplant, since pests can be brought to the plant. That is why it is better to buy ready-made soil in a store.
Speaking about top dressing, it should be noted that feeding Kalanchoe is better in mid-spring. Sometimes, according to the state of Kalanchoe, feeding is also carried out in the autumn season to prepare the plant for wintering.
It is best to use ready-made fertilizers as top dressing.
Kalanchoe can be propagated in several ways:
- seeds (collected independently or bought in a store);
- vegetatively (i.e. cuttings).
The easiest way is to reproduce by the kidneys. They fall from the plant themselves and themselves take root. To do this, they are best transplanted into a separate pot with pre-prepared soil, which must be mixed with peat and sand. It is best to cover a small pot immediately after transplanting with glass or film for more rapid rooting of the plant.
When using glass, it is very important to ventilate the future Kalanchoe a couple of times a day.
When propagating by cuttings, experts take parts of the stems from the top of about 5 cm. Cuttings are deepened into the ground and sprayed from the spray gun. If all is well, then the first roots will be visible in a couple of weeks.
When propagating by cuttings from leaves, from the mother plant, you need to cut the leaf and place it in a pre-prepared moistened soil. It is advisable to cover the top of the sheet with a jar of glass or at least a glass.
After the first roots appear, the jar or glass should be removed.
Pests and diseases
Like any plant, pests can attack Kalanchoe, or it can simply become sick. Kalanchoe is most often attacked by:
- scale shield;
- spider mite;
- root worm.
As a rule, Kalanchoe is not susceptible to disease and insect attack, this is extremely rare. Most often, pests settle on Kalanchoe from neighboring plants and with improper care.
If the leaves twist very strongly, then this is definitely a sign of parasitization of aphids. Also a sign of an attack of this insect may be a sticky coating on the leaves. The insects themselves are not difficult to notice, although if they are few, then it can be difficult. The aphid is very small, has a greenish, unremarkable color.
Kalanchoe can be removed from aphids by folk methods or by using ready-made insecticides.
Scale is considered no less dangerous insect than aphid. She eats the juice of the plant, as a result of which it slowly dies. Scabbards have a very strong shell, because of which many insecticides do not act on them, or they act, but most of the population survives. To cure Kalanchoe from the first attack, it is recommended to remove the scabs by hand and only then spray the plant with an insecticide.
You can notice the spider mite by the characteristic yellow traces on the leaves and the light web. With a spider mite it is easy to fight, this can be done even with the help of folk remedies, for example, using a decoction of wood ash.
When the root worm appears, the Kalanchoe begins to slowly fade and dry.
As a rule, this parasite leads to the death of the plant, if it is not detected in a timely manner.
If Kalanchoe is not very affected, then most likely you will need only one treatment for insects. It is not recommended to abuse insecticides, since they poison not only insects and the plant, but can also adversely affect human health. Therefore, when processing Kalanchoe, personal safety measures should not be neglected. It is very important to wear gloves and a face shield.
In addition to insects and some pests, gray rot, which is formed due to the action of the fungus, can affect the plant. As you know, the fungus multiplies in an excessively humid environment, and therefore uncontrolled watering of Kalanchoe and stagnant air in the room can lead to such a defeat. If gray rot overly affects the plant, then it may even have to be transplanted, after processing and removing part of the affected areas. Otherwise, Kalanchoe will simply die.
If Kalanchoe began to actively fall leaves, but apparently it looks healthy, then this may mean that it lacks vitamins and minerals.
Yellow and falling leaves are a sign that the plant lacks light. Marked dark spots on the leaves may be due to exposure to low temperature on the plant. In this case, the pot with the plant is best transferred to a warmer and more lighted place.
As a prevention of diseases and insect attacks, the room with Kalanchoe should always be ventilated, it should be dry and clean.
For how to care for Kalanchoe Degremon, see the video below.