The Neva motor-block can be filled with various designs, from mounted plows to a snow removal device. Users claim that this technique is the most popular among use in private estates and on industrial farms. The popularity is due to the versatility of the equipment, the average price and practicality. Let us consider in more detail the option with a disk hiller, models, methods of installation and operation.
What it is?
Okuchnik is one of the types of attachments for cultivators and walk-behind tractors. It is used for hilling potato fields. The design of the unit allows uprooting vegetables from the ground without the use of manual labor, applying a minimum of time and effort. Motoblock "Neva" with a disk hiller is a practical technique in operation because of its design.
The price for it is high, but corresponds to the effectiveness of the tool. Furrows after weeding with a disk hiller are high, but the height of the ridge can be adjusted by adjusting the distance between the disks, changing the level of penetration and the angle of the blade. When working with a walk-behind tractor, it is worth equipping the equipment with lugs to increase the traction of the earth with the equipment wheels.
Characteristics of the technique:
the ability to regulate the width, height and depth of the disc;
diameter of the working part - 37 cm;
The DM-1K motor was on the first models of disk hills, and foreign models are used on today's models. The loading capacity of the walk-behind tractor increased to 300 kg, which makes it possible to fix a towed cart to it.
Performance has improved to:
In standard models, the equipment is made of a rigid frame with two prosthetic wheels with a deep tread. Disc hills with dimensions of 45 by 13 cm with a thickness of 4.5 cm. The hilling process takes place at a low speed of up to 5 km / h. Equipment weight - 4.5 kg.
Advantages of a disk hiller:
increased level of performance;
reduced degree of physical activity;
high-quality performance of work;
increase in fertility and productivity of the earth.
Types and Models
The factory "Red October" produces 4 models of motoblocks. All equipment has no differences in operation and result of work. The differences are in design features, sizes, functionality. A two-row okuchnik makes cultivation of the land between two rows with a crop. Externally, it is made of a rack with a bracket that is fixed to the hitch, two racks attached to it with hills fixed by bolts. This design can be adjusted to the necessary conditions of arable land.
A two-row or lister hiller is of two types OH-2 and STV. The first model is designed for plowing prepared soils of a small area - for example, a garden, kitchen garden or greenhouse. The maximum penetration of the discs is carried out to a depth of 12 cm. The height of the equipment is half a meter in height, it is possible to adjust the depth of plowing. Weight - 4.5 kg.
The second model is produced in two types, differing in the distance between the width of the working bodies and the body. The maximum penetration into the ground is 15 cm. The distance between the discs is manually controlled. The weight of the equipment is from 10 to 13 kg. The okuchnik disk sliding fixes to the motor-block by means of a universal coupling. Discs have the ability to manually adjust. The maximum immersion depth is 30 cm. The height of the equipment is about 62 cm, the width is 70 cm.
The tool is made of a rack, two disks (sometimes one is used) and an axis shaft. The stand is fixed using a bracket and a special bracket. This part is used to adjust the position of the rack in various directions. The shaft allows you to adjust the angle of inclination of the working part. The design is driven by sliding bearings. The weight of disk hoeing machines is up to 10 kg. Furrows are obtained up to a height of 20 cm. The angle of inclination of the disc varies up to 35 degrees. Tool height up to 70 cm.
Hardener for MB-2
This okuchnik has a weaker engine in comparison with the M-23 model, but both of these tools are the same in their qualities and structural forms. The design is represented by a solidly welded frame with wheels in a rubber tire. The set includes saber-shaped parts on the axis, which will replace ordinary wheels during the cultivation of the site.
Fixed or variable grouse
This tool leaves behind a fixed height of the ridges; row spacing is adjusted before starting work. The fixed hiller is suitable for plowing small private areas. The variable model allows you to adjust the width of the grip for any size of beds. Of the minuses, shedding of the resulting furrow is noted, leading to a decrease in the efficiency of the plowing process. Models of pupils are divided into two types: single-row and double-row types. The second variety is more difficult to cope with loamy soils.
It is located on walk-behind tractors having two forward gears. Hub discs have an uneven pattern, similar to rounded teeth. Their task is to grind the soil while uprooting the weeds. Loose soil is immediately suitable for use. The streamlined shape of the disc allows you to save moisture in the soil due to the lowest intensity of work.
Before you start collecting the walk-behind tractor with the selected hiller, you must make sure that the equipment is turned off. The first step is to hitch the tool to the walk-behind tractor with a bolt. The working part should be placed higher in relation to the walk-behind tractor. Hitch rings symmetrically coincide with each other. Next, adjust the distance and width between the work parts. The setting of the width of the grip is controlled by bolts by the method of loosening or moving the case of the disks.
Particular attention should be paid to the symmetry of the distance from the axis to the housings. If the performance indicators are not observed, the walk-behind tractor will be unstable, constantly tilting to one side, making it impossible to carry out hilling of the earth. The angle of attack of the working bodies is adjusted to obtain ridges with the same height. This procedure and changing the distance between the disks can be performed during the operation of the walk-behind tractor.
Two hiller linkage
Most often, two-row okuchnik are represented by a welded hitch, without the possibility of independent removal and installation of other types of attachments. If the hinge is removable, then fixing takes place on the bracket using special screws. The distance and height of the working surface are adjusted. The distance between the discs should correspond to the width of the row. Adjustment during operation is not possible. If the discs are deepened deeply during earthing up or when leaving the soil, the tool stand must be tilted in the opposite direction, depending on the problem, back or forward.
With the help of a walk-behind tractor and a hiller, the cultivated crop is planted, loosened and hilled. The principle of operation of the technique for collecting potatoes is based on uprooting the root crop from the soil and simultaneously sifting the earth. The collection of vegetables is done manually. Hilling of potatoes is carried out in one row. In this case, you can use vibrating equipment class KKM-1, used on soils with low humidity. The soil itself should not contain stones more than 9 t / ha. Let us consider in more detail the full principle of the hiller. In total, several methods for preparing the site before planting potatoes are highlighted. For this, a regulated technique and a mounted potato planter are used.
Method No. 1
Planting crops is as follows:
lug wheels, a disk hiller are hung on the walk-behind tractor, symmetrical furrows are formed;
the root crop is manually planted in the finished pits;
wheels are replaced with standard rubber, their width is adjusted, it should be equal to the gauge;
soft rubber does not damage the structure of the root crop and makes it easy to fall asleep and ram the pits with the vegetable.
Method No. 2
Planting a crop using a walk-behind tractor with attachments. This method is used on large sown areas. Before starting work, it is necessary to prepare the site in advance: to plow the earth, create furrows and ridges, moisten the soil. A potato planter is put on the walk-behind tractor, tincture of hillers are adjusted and potatoes are planted at the same time, furrows are created and the soil is covered with soil.
After several weeks, when the seedlings appear, the land on the site is loosened by a walk-behind tractor and pedestrian rows between the bushes are created. Hilling delivers oxygen and additional moisture to the plant stems, which have a beneficial effect on the growth and development of potatoes. Uprooting of weeds is made. For these procedures, a two-, three- or single hiller is used. In the course of work, fertilizers are introduced into the soil. The Okuchnik also performs temporary weeding of land between the rows of culture. When the potatoes have ripened, the standard work of uprooting potatoes and harvesting using a special hiller with plowshares is done.
An overview of the Neva motoblock with a disk hiller can be found in the next video.