Indoor flowers create coziness and beauty in the room. Campanula looks especially gentle. This small plant with beautiful flowers, which is called among the gardeners "bridegroom" and "bride", is considered a symbol of family happiness. According to popular belief, if you give Campanul to the newlyweds, they will always have love, prosperity and peace in their family.
Campanula is a perennial herb belonging to the bellflower family. In the people it is often called a bell. In the natural environment, bells grow in areas of Western Europe, in Asia, the Caucasus and North America. They mainly grow in the foothills, in meadows, in the steppes and gorges. The plant adapts well to different climatic conditions and is quite hardy.
Botanists have identified more than 300 varieties of this plant. This also includes cultivars that breeders have bred.
The variety of Campanula hybrids will not leave indifferent any grower. Among the bells there are dwarf and tall forms, a bellworm, terry species, with different colors of flowers. But at home, it is recommended to grow an equal-leaved bell. In the wild, this plant is found only on Mount Capo Noli, which is located in the Alps. But through a long selection of botany, many beautiful varieties were bred.
- Mayia is the "groom". He is also called the "lover." View of flat-faced bells. This is a plant with blue flowers found in southern Europe. Its height is about 30 cm, there are small heart-shaped leaf blades and 5-leaf flowers with a diameter of up to 4 cm. The leaves of the "groom" are distinguished by a rich dark green color. Flowering time since mid-July.
- Alba is the "bride." One more type of equine-leaf bells, but with snow-white flowers. “Alba” is a derived subspecies. The stems reach a height of 25 cm, heart-shaped leaves of small size and white flowers in the panicle inflorescence.
- Two-tone - bicolor "Berlin". Perennial non-double variety, compact bushes, up to 15 cm tall. Flowers are large 5-petal, two-tone. The edges are painted in a delicate lavender color, and the middle is white. Bicolor is valued for its abundant and long flowering. The bicolor variety has several more varieties: "Star" - with pale blue inflorescences, "Blue" - with terry white, "White" - with white.
- Mix - “Blauranka”. The main distinguishing feature from other varieties is large leaves and flowers. Due to its compactness, these flowers are frequent guests in apartment flower gardens. The color of the petals is pale blue.
- Terry - a mini-variety of "Blue Bali." Plants with fluffy flowers are quite common in stores. Small stems (up to 15 cm) form compact bushes, and in combination with terry lavender-blue flowers form a very beautiful composition. The variety is characterized by abundant and long flowering.
- Alpine. This variety is often used in landscape design. The plants are very miniature - only 5-10 cm tall, so in the compositions the Alpine Campanula is placed as a carpet plant. It blooms for a long time and abundantly in bright blue flowers.
- Carpathian. Tall plant for the type of bluebells - almost 30 cm tall. The leaves are small, egg-shaped, collected in a basal rosette. Flowering time from June to the end of August, flowers come in three shades - purple, blue and white. The Carpathian Campanul is used to design flower beds on personal plots.
- Pseudocarpaceous. A beautiful plant with bright flowers in different shades - from white to bright blue. The stems are creeping, 15-20 cm long, the leaves are small - 3-5 cm. The bushes form a thick carpet on the flower bed and are perfect for decorating borders and large glades.
How to plant?
In the natural environment, the bell grows mainly in foothill areas, characterized by loose and sparse soil. Varieties bred by selection have the same soil requirements.
For planting, loose, well-drained soil is preferred. Therefore, a mixture of sand, leaves and peat is perfect.
In a specialized store you can buy universal primer for flowers, it has all the necessary properties.
In open ground
In the spring, when the soil warms up to + 10 ... 12 degrees, select and dig a site under the campanul. Level the soil and dig holes in the depth of 15-20 cm at a distance of 25-50 cm, depending on the size of the bush.
Carefully remove the plant from the pot or container with the ground. Do not shake the roots from the ground. In the exact center, place the campanul in the pit and sprinkle with earth. Compact and level the soil around the stems, pour warm water.
Water the flowerbed plentifully for the first week.
After buying a potted Campanula, select a place for it in the room where direct sunlight does not fall. Lighting should be diffuse. Leave the flower in the old flower pot for 7-10 days for acclimatization.
After 10 days, you can transplant the campanula into a permanent pot. The cache-pot should be quite voluminous, because despite the small size, the plant has a powerful root system. In a new pot, pour a little expanded clay into the bottom, fill it with nutritious soil by a third. Make a small indentation in the middle of the pot. Carefully remove the plant from the old pot, after watering it well and letting it stand for 30 minutes. Campanula roots do not need to be cleaned from the ground.
Transplantation is carried out by transshipment. Place a plant with roots and an earthen lump in a new pot and sprinkle with earth on top. Level and compact the soil around the stems, then water. Put the pots in their original place.
The bell is generally unpretentious and non-capricious plant. He adapts well to new conditions. But like any plant, the campanula requires care.
On hot summer days, plants need frequent watering. Daily small portions of warm water during the dry and hot periods are necessary for him. In winter, the indoor plant practically does not need watering - just spraying.
The plant does not tolerate heat well, so the optimal growth conditions for it are + 22 ... 23 degrees in the summer and + 12 ... 15 in the winter.
In the street flower garden, it is necessary to observe cleanliness and weed in time to prevent overmoistening of the soil and rotting of the roots. In flower pots you also need to remove weeds and loosen the soil.
Do not feed the plants during the planting of cuttings and their rooting. Then you can make one dressing with any flower fertilizer.
Twice a year - in spring and autumn - be sure to remove dried, too thin and elongated, as well as too thick branches. Such stems, except dried ones, can be used for cuttings. Once a year, it is necessary to change the soil, as powerful roots quickly deplete it.
In autumn, flowering ends, and growth slows down, then the flower is prepared for wintering. Excessive elongated shoots are cut off, the places of cuts are disinfected. The plant is cleaned in a cool place. In the open ground, flower beds with plants are sprinkled with earth, then sprinkled with dry leaves.
Pest and Disease Control
Due to a violation of the rules for caring for a plant, root rot can affect it. This occurs due to excessive watering.
Of the pests, Campanul can be populated by a spider mite or scab. The spider mite is especially dangerous, since it is almost impossible to notice it in the early stages. The leaves of the flower begin to dry more and more, die off, and if the fight against the pest is not started in time, the plant dries out completely and dies.
The first sign of mite damage is the appearance of small dots on the leaves. At first they are small, then they become larger. Such points appear in places where the tick sucked the juice from the leaf, and gradually the plant dries. You can also notice a small spider web on the bottom of the sheet. The insect itself is so small that it is almost impossible to see it with the naked eye. To get rid of a tick in an outdoor flower garden, you will need 2 insecticide treatments with an interval of 14 days. Actara or another drug is suitable.
If the plant has signs of tick activity in flower pots, then you need to immediately isolate this plant and also carry out two treatments with "Actara".
There are three ways to propagate bells - cuttings, seeds and dividing the bush.
- Division of the bush. For separation, take a knife, cut the roots of the plant into parts, so that from one bush you get 2-3. Then cut the slices with chopped charcoal. Plant the delenki in pots, but do not deepen much. Caring like ordinary bells.
- Growing from seeds. Plant the seeds at a shallow depth in early spring, spray from a sprayer. Build a greenhouse over the pot from a can or plastic bag. Open it once a day for 10 minutes for 3 weeks. Then plant the grown plants in different pots.
- Cuttings. Cut the lower stems from the plant, treat the places of cuts with potassium permanganate and leave for 8 hours. Then place the cuttings in water and hold until the roots appear. After that, plant the cuttings in pots with soil and grow as usual.
Bells are widely used by designers to create various compositions in the garden. Low-growing varieties are especially popular. They are used in rockeries to decorate borders. Bells look good as a carpet plant, in the middle of a flower bed and in combination with mallow and fern.
Campanulu is often used to decorate the facades of a building or porch - they are planted in hanging flowerpots.
For more information about Terry Campanula, see the video below.