Even the most unpretentious interior will acquire an elegant look if it is decorated with flowers. There are many indoor plants that bloom throughout the year. Let us dwell on their characteristics.
Everblooming indoor plants make any room more colorful and vibrant. They allow you to admire the bright saturated colors year-round, even in late autumn and winter, when the landscape outside the window is dull and monotonous. Such crops have an undeniable advantage over bouquets in vases - cut flowers quickly wither, and flowering indoor plants retain their decorative effect for a long time and do not die after flowering. There are many such cultures, there are plants with huge or small flowers, they can have a pleasant aroma or disgusting smell, and can vary in size of the bush itself. Most flowering plants have decorative foliage, therefore, even when blooming, they delight the eye of households.
If you intend to have a green pet at home, which could please you with its flowering throughout the year , it should be borne in mind that such plants are very demanding on care and maintenance conditions than ordinary decorative ones.
Some require truly ideal conditions so that they can produce flower stalks and give abundant continuous flowering.
What are they?
Let us dwell in more detail on the description of the most common crops in indoor floriculture.
This flower has a very harsh aroma that repels insects and pathogens. At the same time, a prolonged stay with him can negatively affect the general well-being of a person and cause severe headaches . Therefore, do not place geranium in a bedroom or a nursery, even despite the fact that its flowers look very elegant and noble.
Geranium feels most comfortable in the sun from the western, as well as eastern and southeast sides. The plant prefers good lighting, but direct rays should be avoided. The place where pelargonium is placed should be ventilated, the optimum temperature is 23-26 degrees, when heated less than 10 degrees, this plant ceases to produce peduncles. In hot summer days, geraniums require frequent watering; in winter, humidification should be minimized. In order for the flower to grow and develop well, he needs a medium-sized container. A mixture of leaf and soddy soil, peat, humus and river sand is suitable as a substrate.
Translated from Latin begonia is translated as "always flowering." She received this name for her ability to bloom 12 months a year. This flower has a rich tint palette and decorative foliage. The plant requires proper lighting, but the light must be diffused. Begonia grows best in damp, but it is better to avoid spraying the leaves, as ugly brown spots appear on their surface from excess moisture. It is possible to maintain the optimum level of humidity by simply adding liquid regularly to the container tray. Watering should be carried out as the substrate dries, in summer irrigation should be quite plentiful, and in winter rare.
It is optimal to use chernozem with the addition of peat as the soil for transplanting begonias. Such a plant propagates vegetatively - stems, cuttings and division of the rhizome.
This is one of the most unpretentious house plants. The culture is photophilous, but does not withstand direct ultraviolet rays. Balsam prefers heat, but not heat. For full growth and flowering, he needs a temperature of 15-26 degrees, as well as daily spraying and plentiful irrigation.
The people call this culture "light". And in fact, if you look at this plant during flowering, it will give the impression of a bright bonfire - this effect creates a combination of inflorescences of deep pink and scarlet flowers. Long flowering, usually lasts from June to November. However, when creating a comfortable microclimate, it can produce peduncles at other times.
This plant is incredible in its beauty, which has rather unusual flowers - stamens rise above lush skirts from the petals. Flowers can be snow-white, red, pink, as well as blue, purple, violet and blue. The plant is sun-loving, fuchsia feels best in rooms with diffused light and high humidity, in bright light the leaves become covered with brown spots. The plant is shade-tolerant, but in the darkening, the stems are stretched, the flowers become rare and small. The optimum temperature for this plant will be 18-22 degrees.
In winter, fuchsias also do not cause any difficulties - just remove them in a darkened cool place and water them once a month. Fuchsia grows very quickly in pots, so the plant needs periodic pruning. In the process of growth, the flower needs to be transplanted into a larger container, it does not require any other transplants. The best substrate for such crops would be a mixture of peat, compost land, humus and river sand.
This is a native of tropical places, so a well-lit, ventilated place will become the most comfortable for him. The plant blooms best at a temperature of 15-17 degrees in the summer and 10-13 degrees in the winter. In the spring-summer period, abutilon needs abundant watering.
The culture responds favorably to top dressing - from time to time it is necessary to fertilize it with nitrogen-containing compounds, superphosphate and potassium nitrate. As a substrate, it is best to use sheet soil, turf and rotted manure with the addition of river sand.
Among the people, such a flower is better known as the "Chinese rose." This is a beautiful ornamental plant with a rich color palette. All year round it is abundantly strewn with pink, snow-white and bright scarlet flowers. Hibiscus requires space and light, a comfortable temperature regime for it will be 16-18 degrees. In order for the plant to please others with its flowering year-round, it should be pruned periodically, since peduncles produce exclusively young shoots.
Hibiscus needs frequent watering, as well as the application of potash and phosphorus fertilizers. Once a year, a Chinese rose needs to be transplanted, garden soil with the addition of river sand, as well as peat, will become the optimal soil mixture for it.
This is a decorative home plant with small flowers of yellowish, orange, pink or bright red color. Culture can bloom at any time of the year, but, unfortunately, flowering can not be attributed to long-term. Kalanchoe is very demanding on the microclimate: cold air and dampness lead to the rapid death of roots. That is why it is very important to maintain a moderate watering regime and monitor the dryness of the pan.
For the full growth and development of Kalanchoe requires bright, but at the same time scattered light, ventilation and sufficient space. The optimal room temperature is considered to be 18-20 degrees.
This is one of the most unusual plants, which differs in that it has no stems - the leaves grow directly from the ground. This is an abundantly flowering culture, which is appreciated for its unpretentiousness and spectacular snow-white flowering.
Spathiphyllum blooms best at a temperature of 22-28 degrees and a humidity level of 85-90%. The culture is extremely fearful of cold and drafts, it needs moderate irrigation and daily spraying from the spray gun. The plant was called "female happiness" - according to popular belief, it blooms only in the house where peace, mutual understanding and love reign.
Without a doubt, violet can be called the favorite of women. Even the most remote from floriculture people do not remain indifferent to the beauty of its inflorescences. Petals truly amaze with the variety of their forms, from soft lilac to deep lilac.
Violet prefers bright places, but dies under direct UV rays. She needs limited watering - 2-3 irrigation per month will be enough. You need to use heated acidified water, pour it under the root so that moisture does not get on the leaf plates and flowers.
This is a group of diverse flowers, each variety has its own distinctive features. If you want to enjoy the saturated colors all year long, then plant several varieties of this decorative plant in a pot at once, for example, European and Persian. The first will bloom from spring to autumn, and the second - from autumn to spring.
This flower needs well-lit areas, a temperature of 15-23 degrees and moderate hydration.
Stimulation of flowering and care
In order for green pets to bloom profusely, they need discomfort. In this case, they start a self-preservation program, this stimulates the process of active reproduction and leads to the appearance of new peduncles. In full comfort, such crops do not make sense to multiply. In order to achieve a result, flower growers use sharp temperature fluctuations, reduce heating to 5-8 degrees, and also increase daylight hours.
However, it also happens that all the conditions for flowering are created, but the buds still do not appear. Then you can stimulate flowering using organic or synthetic drugs.
Phytohormones and biostimulants cope best with the task:
- Thor Mach;
- Bio Bloom
The active formation of ovaries is facilitated by the hormones Florigen and Vernalin. Many gardeners use folk remedies - sugar, banana, wood ash, castor oil and aloe juice.
In order for such flowers to grow and develop, as well as to please the household with their lush flowering, they need full lighting - a lack of light is one of the most common reasons for the absence of peduncles. Daylight hours should be at least 10 hours, so in winter time, additional illumination will be required.
It is very important to choose the right soil mixture. A detrimental effect on flowering is caused by a lack or, on the contrary, an overabundance of nutrition - when applying dressings, it is necessary to strictly follow the manufacturer's instructions on the package of the drug.
The flowering process is influenced by a number of factors. Among them:
- sufficiently high temperature;
- high humidity;
- competent irrigation regime.
In conclusion, we note that now many people prefer to buy flowering plants in stores. On the one hand, this allows you to enjoy beauty without any effort, on the other hand, these plants were grown with the addition of a huge amount of special fertilizers.
After flowering, most of them fade, and it is very difficult to achieve the re-release of peduncles.
In the next video, 6 unusual fertilizers for indoor flowers are waiting for you.