Ceiling wallpaper is considered one of the popular types of modern decoration. They emphasize the interior of the room, filling it with notes of sophistication and chic. To date, this material is in great demand in design, as it allows you to give the room a new life at minimal financial cost. In addition, wallpapering is not a complicated process, and therefore everyone can do it. To do this, it is enough to purchase high-quality paintings and correctly perform the technology of work.
How to choose the right one?
The main point when decorating the ceiling with wallpaper is the choice of material. Recently, the construction market is represented by a chic assortment of paintings that amaze with a variety of textures and shades.
To make the design of the room look unusual, it is worth acquiring ceiling wallpapers not only in a beautiful color, but also with the possibility of additional decoration or painting.
Traditionally, several types of decorative products are used for this, but they must always bear the mark “for ceilings”.
Ideal for this design are considered non-woven fabrics. They are characterized by increased strength, protect the surface from cracking and are well suited for drywall substrates. As for the color palette, it is determined based on the characteristics of the room in which the gluing is planned. In this case, it is important to consider the style of the interior, wall decoration and flooring. So, for example, in brick or panel houses, ceilings are low, so it is recommended to use pastel shades for them in the decoration of the ceiling, since bright and dark colors will make the space uncomfortable and cold.
When buying paintings, you should also pay attention to their drawing or composition. Designers advise to completely abandon coatings with lurid ornaments in favor of textured and embossed surfaces. Original look on the ceiling wallpaper with a natural imitation of wood, vegetable weaving and natural materials. In addition, such canvases, if desired, can be repainted in any color. Painting is usually carried out with a water-dispersion emulsion, due to which the procedure for changing colors is possible up to ten times.
Ceiling wallpapers, unlike wall ones, are heavy and have a high density. Therefore, for them it is important not only the aesthetic appearance of the paintings, but also the correct observance of the rules of gluing, on which the term of operation will depend. To keep the wallpaper well, you need to carefully prepare the ceiling surface, for this it should be cleaned and leveled. Such a procedure will help improve adhesion and make the base antiseptically protected.
The pasting of the ceiling can begin only if the following types of work have been previously performed:
- Cleaning the surface of old layers of finish.
- Repairs. Assumes the elimination of potholes and large defects on the ceiling.
- Primer. It must be carried out necessarily, as it will protect the base from fungus, mold and improve adhesion.
- Strengthening the surface with a glass cloth.
- Putty and grinding. Provides perfect smoothness to the ceiling and hides all minor bumps.
In addition, all the furniture should be removed from the room where wallpapering is planned, remove the chandeliers, carpets, curtains, de-energize the room and close the doorways with foil.
It will be difficult to decorate the ceiling yourself, so you should think over all the details of the work in advance and find yourself an assistant.
The technique for preparing the ceiling depends on the type of previous coating, therefore, it can be performed as follows:
- Removing whitewash. If a chalk layer remains on the surface, then it is easy to wash it off with water. As for lime, it is considered an aggressive substance and is removed only with the help of special solutions, which include glue and laundry soap.
- Removing old paint. The oil layers are removed by degreasing. A solvent or alcohol is suitable for this. If on the ceiling there are remnants of other types of paint, then apply technical washes and remove them with a spatula.
- Cleaning from previous wallpapers. Enough to moisten the base with warm water and clean.
- Often, after washing off the ceiling, spots may occur on its surface. As a rule, these are traces of rust or fungus. If they are available, it is impossible to start wallpapering, since spots will appear on the new finish over time. Therefore, the base is initially treated with an antiseptic primer, then the rust is cleaned with a solution of copper sulfate.
Of course, a wooden ceiling or gypsum board is considered ideal for wallpapering, but sometimes a traditional surface of concrete slabs is found. It may have large potholes and cracks. To eliminate such flaws, it is necessary to apply a layer of plaster throughout the entire area of the base.
How to calculate the quantity?
The decoration of the ceiling should begin with the correct calculation of materials, since their lack of gluing will give a lot of negative consequences. So, for example, buying a similar wallpaper will not be easy, and a new batch may differ significantly from the previous color and texture. Therefore, you need to have information about the number of rolls in advance. If several years ago the canvases were made in standard sizes 0.5 * 10 meters, today many manufacturers have presented non-format products.
To facilitate the process of gluing the ceiling, use the following types of wallpaper:
- 0.53 * 12 meters. The most common rolls on sale. This is usually paper and fabric wallpaper.
- 0.74 * 10 meters. Products manufactured in the UK and Italy.
- 1.06 * 25 meters. Meter cloths based on non-woven fabric.
To calculate the material, you will first need to find out the area of the roll with which you can glue the ceiling. To do this, the product length is multiplied by its width. It is also necessary to pay attention to the shape of the room. If it is not rectangular and has many niches, ledges, then you will have to purchase additional wallpapers. If for decoration of the ceiling the canvases with ornament and pattern are still selected, then you need to calculate the length of the repeating composition and add it to the length of the ceiling.
To decorate the pattern, many rolls are required, since during the gluing process there will be trimmings. If you do not follow the ornament, then the surface will turn out not aesthetic.
Materials and Tools
Wallpaper decoration of the ceiling, like any other type of construction work, cannot be imagined without the availability of appropriate tools. Prior to pasting, it is important to think over all the details, including the choice of high-quality materials, design technology and, of course, prepare everything necessary for the implementation of the “creative process” itself. As a rule, a traditional set of tools consists of the following items:
- Joiner pencil. It is used for marking paintings. It is not recommended to use ball pens and markers for these purposes, as they can appear on the outside of the wallpaper.
- Ruler. Thanks to her, it is convenient to draw straight lines.
- Stationery knife. It helps to quickly cut the wallpaper, cut the canvas in the corners.
- Scissors. They are used to trim canvases in inaccessible places.
- Building tape measure. Allows you to correctly measure the area and length of the strips.
- The square.
- Capacity for glue.
- Wallpaper brush.
- Construction mixer.
- Putty knife. Used to trim wallpaper at the joints.
- Roller. Helps to smooth out strips and “kicks out” air bubbles well.
In addition, wet and dry rags, washcloths, a mop, and brushes will also be needed.
How to stick: technology description
The method of gluing ceiling wallpaper depends on the type of canvas, as they differ in their structure and density. It is worth noting immediately that gluing a given surface in a room alone is not possible. Therefore, if the design of the ceiling is planned to be done by yourself without hiring craftsmen, first of all, you need to independently calculate the material consumption, plan the stages of the work and find reliable helpers.
The process begins with preliminary preparation of the surface. As for the sizing technology, it is different for each wallpaper and is implemented as follows:
They are a material in rolls, which consists of two layers - a polymer coating and a non-woven fabric. They are durable in operation, breathe well and do not absorb odors. Before using them, the ceiling is thoroughly cleaned of dirt and the old surface, then the base is primed and putty. The working area must be firm, dry, even and strong.
Cloths are measured and cut into strips with a small margin of 10 cm. For products with a pattern, it is important to take into account the height of the report. All cuts must be numbered and glued sequentially. Sometimes such wallpaper is fixed by the reverse method.
In the room where the work takes place, there should be no drafts.
In this case, glue is applied only to the ceiling, and it is recommended that the strips be treated with a special solution that will protect them from the formation of fungus and mold.
They are glued similarly to non-woven on a previously prepared ceiling, the pattern on the stripes should match as much as possible. The cut strips are stacked on top of each other. Moreover, their number should not exceed 10 pieces. The glue is applied both to the base itself and to the wallpaper, the time of their swelling is indicated on the rolls.
It is best to start pasting from the corner. It is important to ensure that the strips are butt-fastened and that glue does not get on the upper side of the canvases. The remaining material should be cut with a knife and patted with a dry cloth.
This type of product is fixed on the ceiling in two ways - without overlap and butt. If the sheets are glued in the direction along the room, the number of seams will be minimal, but the process itself will be time-consuming and complicated. As for pasting in width, it is much simpler and reminds work with wall decoration. Glue is applied both to the ceiling and to the canvas. To simplify the supply of the impregnated sheet to the surface, it is recommended to fold it on the floor in the form of an accordion.
Can I glue on tiles?
In some cases, when wallpapering, you may encounter a problem such as the presence of decorative tiles on the ceiling. It is a material with a porous structure that provides excellent thermal insulation. The surface of such tiles is flat, so it is not an obstacle for gluing paintings.
The only thing that is required before coating it is to perform the following preparatory work:
- Removing previous layers of putty and finish.
- Priming the ceiling.
- Alignment of the base with gypsum-based mixtures.
This option is only possible if the tile is made of polystyrene. Wallpapering is not recommended with other products, as a chemical reaction with glue is possible.
Sometimes small cracks may be present between the tiles, they can be easily removed with putty and acrylic primer.
The main task when pasting wallpaper on the ceiling is their reliable fixing, otherwise all the work can go down the drain. Therefore, first of all, you should worry about preparing the surface of the ceiling. So that the strips do not peel off, they need to be "planted" on high-quality glue, observing all work technologies.
Recently, designers in the interior of the premises use tension structures in combination with decorative paintings. They look beautiful and unusual. If the room has walls rounded at the corners, they can be originally decorated. Two types of baguettes are suitable for this - from plastic or natural material. First, it’s worth sticking the wallpaper, and then after fully drying it, attach the decor elements.
Pasting the ceiling alone will be difficult, so it is recommended to use additional help. If sticking occurs in splendid isolation, then you should not be upset, to simplify this process, the canvases on the floor need to be folded with an accordion, and then neatly flatten them on the ceiling. At the end of work, the room must not be ventilated for at least 10 hours.
About how to properly glue the wallpaper on the ceiling, you will learn from the next video.