Mosaic patterns can become a real decoration of any interior, if you choose the right theme, color and material. Beautiful color mosaics are definitely one of the best ways to bring vibrant colors to your small world.
The word "mosaic" comes from an ancient Latin expression, which can be translated as "dedicated to the muses." This is not surprising, since from ancient times real works of art were created from mosaics. Over the three thousand years of the existence of the mosaic, practically nothing has changed, and it continues to be used to decorate various rooms and depict entire paintings.
Beautiful mosaic tiles are now used in apartments and in private houses. Most often it is used, of course, for decorating bathrooms. This is not surprising, because, in addition to the fact that the mosaic tile is very beautiful, it is also wear-resistant and resistant to moisture. The surface of this material is not harmed by high humidity, or sudden changes in temperature.
For the same reason, mosaics are used in the kitchen. As a rule, beautiful aprons are made from it, which protect the wall. Such a detail is appropriate in a kitchen decorated in any style. Finding a finished panel to protect the "working" wall is not difficult.
In the living room and other living rooms, the mosaic is mainly used as a decorative element, with the help of which an atmosphere of comfort and coziness is achieved. For example, with the help of this material, designers decorate fireplace portals.
It looks impressive and beautiful.
Advantages and disadvantages
Mosaic tiles, like other materials, have both advantages and disadvantages. However, the advantages, according to connoisseurs of this type of finish, are significantly greater.
The positive aspects, first of all, are the small size of the parts. Thanks to this, mosaic can be used even in places that seem difficult to access. For example, it can trim rounded sinks, bathtubs and other surfaces. It is also used to create beautiful patterns on fireplace portals, countertops or cabinet doors.
The good thing is that the small details themselves that make up the panel can have different shapes. They are rectangular, and square, and round. There are also polygonal details from which you can make interesting patterns.
Pleasantly pleased is the fact that the mosaic is an environmentally friendly material. It is safe for health, since all the materials from which it is made are of natural origin. As a rule, it is stone, quartz sand, clay or glass. So in the rooms decorated with mosaic, you can safely be with children.
Also, mosaic tiles are durable. This means that you do not need to constantly think about the need for cosmetic repairs or restoration of tiles. Mosaic is resistant to mechanical damage and moisture. Over time, it does not darken and does not change its appearance. You do not even need any additional processing, as is the case with other materials.
However, neither man nor nature have come up with ideal materials for construction. This means that the mosaic also has its drawbacks.
First of all, it is impossible not to note its rather high cost, since it relates to natural material. Therefore, a huge panel on the entire wall will have to be well spent.
In addition, the installation process is also quite complicated - you have to mess with a huge number of small parts that can not be cope without work experience. So you have to either hire professionals or spend a lot of time to bring everything to mind. On this shortcomings end.
It can be concluded that if the high cost of materials does not bother, then you can safely use the mosaic to decorate your interior.
Mosaic tiles are divided into several types. Basically, they differ from each other only in their appearance.
Refers to one of the most common types of mosaics. It is bright, shimmering in the light and very picturesque. The advantages of this type of mosaic tile include the fact that it is affordable, which means that many lovers of sophistication can afford facing such a material.
In addition, glass tiles are as resistant to the effects of high humidity and temperature extremes. Therefore, it is often used to decorate those rooms where there is a lot of water or steam. Also, a mosaic of small pieces of glass or smalt is used to decorate the base of the pool.
In the kitchen or in the living room, it can be used to decorate kitchen aprons or, for example, fireplace portals. Glass mosaic can be surprisingly beautiful.
Bright colors are obtained by adding to the composition of such coloring components as aventurine, cadmium, mother of pearl and other ingredients.
Found among building materials and stone mosaic. As a rule, it is made from such types of stone as onyx, lapis lazuli or marble. Granite tiles are also common. All of the materials listed are equally good both in terms of strength and in appearance.
Stone mosaic is also good because with it you can make almost any composition. The stone is easily modified - it can be polished to a shine, and, conversely, age. Pleasantly pleased is the fact that the stone mosaic is very durable, because it does not age for a long time and remains beautiful.
This type of tile is much better than tile. Every detail surprises with its beauty. It can be used to decorate all kinds of stains or small inclusions that are created by nature and brought to perfection by human hands.
At the same time, the mosaic is stable. Not only temperature changes, but also weather vagaries do not harm her. If you use such a mosaic to decorate the facade, then the pattern will not fade in the sun and will not fade.
Small parts are created from a mixture of quartz sand, natural clay and other substances. Therefore, the mosaic is environmentally friendly, and in addition to this, it is also resistant to the effects of chemical components.
The room, made in the style of country or Provence, looks good wooden tiles. It has one obvious drawback: like any wood products, tiles can gradually swell or, conversely, dry out.
However, in the interior, the tile looks very beautiful. The wood stylized finish adds coziness to the interior. The whole room is rarely decorated with such a mosaic, but it fits perfectly for accents. However, in order to finish lasting as long as possible, you need to cover the mosaic composition with varnish.
In addition to these options, there are other, less common. For example, PVC tiles, plastic or mirror.
Mosaic tiles - this is a great option for the design of the room. In addition to the monochromatic mosaic finish, there are many interesting design solutions that help make the interior more individual.
As a rule, ready-made compositions are on sale, which in some cases are even laid out in panels. The plots of such “paintings” can be very different. For example, for baths, the most common plot is marine. Popular drawings of all kinds of fish, sea landscapes and sunny beaches.
The neutral option is geometric patterns made of small elements. Such decoration will be suitable for the bathroom, and for the kitchen, and for the corridor or even the hallway.
Special attention deserves full-fledged plot pictures . There is already a difficult combination of different colors and a combination of interesting shapes. Landscapes, still lifes, as well as reproductions of famous paintings can be depicted on walls, floors, and plumbing.
By the way, it is not necessary to limit oneself to ideas invented by someone. It is quite possible to translate your ideas into reality by ordering an individual drawing. It can be either a beautiful pattern, or a full-fledged picture or even a photograph.
The most expensive is the pattern in the style of "Roman mosaic" . The picture laid out in this way is done manually from beginning to end, which guarantees its high quality and clarity. The basis of wood is not suitable for creating such paintings - it is better to choose a material such as smalt or glass.
As already mentioned, the shape of the mosaic can be different. Small parts are round, square, and multifaceted. To create full-fledged story paintings, round or square details are more suitable, which are easier to connect with each other.
If you want to get some clear pattern, then it is better to give preference to rectangular or square tessers. They lie down neatly and connect well with each other. This method is suitable for creating monophonic patterns and any geometric prints.
But in working with abstract drawings, you can use a multifaceted mosaic. From this picture seems brighter and more interesting. For such purposes, large parts will do well, not just small ones.
The appearance of mosaics and finished panels from this material is pleasing to the eye. The pictures are very bright.
You can choose a mosaic even at a time when the room is almost completely decorated, because thanks to the variety of shades it is not difficult to find one that suits the features of the interior.
Since mosaic tiles are made of different materials, its subspecies also look different. For example, the stone mosaic is darker, and smalt and glass pleasantly pleases the eye with the flicker of bright saturated colors. Therefore, you can choose a tile that will serve as an inconspicuous background, or an option with a bright accent in the interior.
We should also talk about the combination of colors.
- Gradient The tile looks beautiful in which one shade smoothly passes into another. This decoration option is popular because mosaics are very often used to design transitions. For example, in the area between two walls or at the junction of a wall with a ceiling or floor. To make this transition not so sharp, a beautiful combination of colors helps.
- The simplest option is a combination of achromatic shades . Black turns to white, and between them is a gray tile of different colors. If you want something more vivid, then you can choose variegated colors that are interestingly combined in a large panel.
- Chaotic print . The pixel arrangement of colors is suitable for decorating walls or ceilings, as well as for decorating a fireplace screen. This pattern is very bright and immediately uplifting. However, if there are enough bright colors in the interior, then you can go the other way - mix different light shades in one panel. For example, combine gold, beige and light pink.
- Contrast Beautiful contrasting patterns are used in many cases. They help, for example, to zone space. Using tiles of different colors, you can divide the room into zones. For example, decorate one part of the room with mosaic tiles of light color, and the second with a bright or dark shade.
- With patterns, everything is much simpler. The colors of the tiles in this case are selected either for a specific image, or for other interior details.
Scope of application
The abundance of colors and interesting ideas about the use of mosaics allows you to use this material for decoration of different parts of rooms.
In the living room
This is a room that everyone who comes into the house sees. Therefore, it must be comfortable and tastefully furnished. Beautiful mosaic patterns complement the interior as well as possible.
Here you can place a panel made of small parts. It will look great on a free wall, next to which there is nothing, and on a sofa or table. In the "Khrushchev" such a decorative detail will seem unusual, but in a large spacious apartment it will become a perfectly appropriate complement to the interior.
If you choose a beautiful metal or glass mosaic, the pattern will, in addition to everything else, also flicker on the wall, adding a fairy tale atmosphere to the room. The combination of different types of mosaics looks interesting. More transparent tesseras can be combined with matte ones by experimenting with glitter and colors.
Mosaic tiles can also decorate the fireplace screen. After all, a mosaic is a high-quality and heat-resistant material that does not respond to temperature changes, even very sharp ones. Mosaic inserts located on the furniture also look unusual: on the backs of chairs, armchairs or even on the doors of cabinets.
Here the mosaic can decorate the ceiling, floor or shelves. When looking for a suitable tile, you need to pay attention, first of all, to such quality as practicality and stability. After all, it is in the bathroom that there are most of all negative factors affecting the appearance of the tile.
Professionals recommend giving preference to smalt , since it erases more slowly and at the same time looks no worse than other types. Such floor tiles can be either solid or consisting of separate inserts. All kinds of plant or geometric patterns made of colored mosaic look beautiful.
For the bathroom, they often choose light, calm colors that are associated with cleanliness. Bathrooms, as a rule, are not large in size, so do not make the colors too bright. Excessive variegation will only spoil everything, as well as dark colors. Therefore, you can choose shades of blue, blue or purple.
In the bathroom, metal tiles also look appropriate. Such a mosaic is good because in the process of getting rays of light on it, it flickers beautifully. And if you make a large panel of metal mosaic, then it will visually enlarge the room.
You can decorate with tessers not only the floor and the wall. The mirror frame, sink or even the toilet bowl looks beautifully decorated with mosaic. As for the floor, the material for its decoration is to choose one on which you can safely walk without slipping. Professionals advise choosing the mosaic with the lowest number indicated on the package .
As a rule, this room is a passage. But this does not mean that it can be ignored and not decorated at all. Mosaic here will be quite appropriate both on the walls and on the floor or even the ceiling. If the room does not have extra furniture, then you can decorate the entire wall by placing on it a large panel with an interesting plot pattern. Also in the hall you can hang a large mirror, decorating its frame with small details.
In the hallway you can use mosaic tiles of interesting shades, for example, a gradient or metallic colors, which can be golden or silver shades. They can even make the entrance room luxurious. And if such a decision seems too fanciful, then you can limit yourself to more familiar tones and eye.
The room intended for cooking and family gatherings, it is desirable to divide into a working space and a recreation area. It is advisable to protect the cooking area so that the walls are not stained with food during its preparation. The simplest advice is to choose a beautiful mosaic apron to protect the space above the countertop . However, the table itself can also be decorated with a mosaic of different colors. It is durable, does not scratch, does not fade and does not lose its attractiveness over time.
In some cases, a mosaic stretch adorns even cabinet doors and shelves. You should not choose too many bright colors , so as not to create colorful chaos in your room. Most often, light monophonic panels that are easy to wash are selected for the kitchen . You can also decorate the room with interesting patterns with images of food or some still lifes.
Tips & Tricks
Colored mosaic is a great way to decorate any room. You can do this both with your own hands and using the services of a designer.
- The help of designers . Independent work on laying the mosaic is painstaking and complicated. You need to be very attentive to this process so as not to lose the details and not spoil the picture, which should turn out in the end.
It is much easier to ask for help from people who have been doing similar work for many years.
First of all, designers work on the order, who embody the customer’s idea in reality. To order you can make not only a standard image, but also a reproduction of a famous painting the size of the entire wall or your own portrait, which will flaunt over a sofa or bed. Designers need a simple sketch to understand the essence of the idea. They will do the rest themselves. In addition, it is much easier for professionals who have been working in the salon for many years to choose the color and the right combination of shades for the intended picture and for the interior features.
- Budget Saving . The second tip is about saving. Since mosaic is a rather expensive pleasure, many want to save on the decoration of the room. To do this is quite possible.
To make the cladding cheaper, you should buy an inexpensive tile for decorating the base, and spend the saved money on an expensive beautiful panel or pattern.
The right choice of materials. Before you take any real steps and glue the tiles on the wall, you need to finally decide on the choice of material. Different types of mosaic tiles differ not only in their appearance, but also in a number of other characteristics. For the floor and just rooms that are used more actively, you need to choose a wear-resistant tile , which is not afraid of either time or any kind of mechanical damage. Such a cladding may be, for example, cast iron or granite. But on the ceiling you can put more fragile materials. Putting glass tiles on the floor, for example, is completely impractical.
- Additional processing . It is also worth noting such an important point as the additional processing of mosaic tiles. This will allow to protect it from negative influence, and change the appearance. Designers often age tiles or, conversely, cover with a layer of varnish to give the surface a glossy shine.
As for protection, the tile does not really need it, since it itself is quite durable and non-marking. But here it is desirable to additionally cover the wooden mosaic with a layer of protective agent, which will extend its life and protect it from drying out.
There are many manufacturers of mosaic tiles that work around the world. Those who do not know anything at all about the criteria by which tiles are selected, as a rule, try to choose manufacturers with a good reputation, which is not surprising.
Companies from Italy are considered world leaders in the production of glass mosaics. Popular brands include SICIS, Vitrex, MARCHETTI and MEGARON . They produce quality products and do not stop there. The assortment of these brands is constantly expanding, which gives more opportunities for experimentation.
The mosaic tiles offered in their catalogs can be either quite smooth, or rough or decorated with relief patterns. The degree of brilliance of the mosaic may also be different - it can be completely dull or glossy and sparkling when the smallest ray of the sun hits it.
Luxurious gold mosaic is also popular in Italy as well as abroad. For its manufacture, a special thin foil is used, which gives a slight sheen to the surface.
But Aureo TREND uses real 24-carat gold leaf to create such a tile. True, such material is not cheap.
China is often associated with something of poor quality. But such associations are something outdated. Now in China there are many factories that produce products for famous brands. And Chinese companies have significantly improved the quality of their products and, accordingly, their reputation.
Good Chinese mosaic manufacturers include brands like Mozaico de Lux and JNJ .
Smalt Tile Manufacturers
We should also talk about brands that produce one of the most popular types of mosaic tiles - smalt. Many people are engaged in its manufacture, but such companies as ORSONI, BISAZZA and SICIS deserve the best reputation.
This is not to say that some of them produce more expensive materials, while the other produces cheaper ones. As a rule, the price is determined by the size of the panel and how much the author will have to work on creating this picture.
As for appearance, there are two popular types of tiles made of smalt: clean and solid. The first view is distinguished by its brilliance and color saturation, and the second is a tile that is used in landscapes and portraits.
The smalt “imperial” shade looks interesting. This is a red-yellow material of a saturated shade, which was popular even during the reign of the Habsburgs. Very often, smalt tiles are artificially aged - it looks more expensive and more beautiful.
Beautiful examples in the interior
There are many interesting ideas for using mosaic tiles in the interior. Moreover, each designer or a simple homeowner can offer something of their own, making the project more individual. Here are a few examples that will help if there are no interesting ideas at all.
Luxurious panel . A chic bathroom decorated not with a simple monochromatic mosaic, but with a full panel. It turns out an antique picture that will appeal to both young creative people and connoisseurs of classics. It is made in three primary colors: cold blue, gray and dark green. This combination of shades looks luxurious and grand. In such a bathroom you can feel like a real queen.
To match the panel on the wall, you can pick up the bathroom. The base is decorated in dark blue and green, and the inside of the bathtub is white, which also combines with the pattern on the wall. The rest of the room is also successfully decorated in a restrained style: the floor is decorated with ornate patterns in black and white, and the walls are decorated with mosaic tiles in the same colors.
An important role in the design of the room is played by properly selected lighting. Since the bathroom is windowless, and even decorated in such dark colors, it seems rather gloomy and small. In order to make it seem brighter, several types of lamps are used at once. These are long pendant lights, and wide massive sconces, and lighting.
Bright bathroom . The second example is a no less luxurious bathroom, decorated in bright colors. As you know, they make the room more spacious. Therefore, the bathroom with a luxurious jacuzzi in the very center of the room seems truly royal.
The desired atmosphere is supported by wall decoration, decorated with exquisite curls. The ceiling and floor are made of light marble, and the steps leading to the entrance to the jacuzzi are decorated with mosaic tiles. It is both beautiful and comfortable. The very basis of the steps is made of less slippery material, which means that you should not worry about safety.
Small lamps and a central lamp illuminate the premises, which seems quite massive, but does not take up too much space. The decor uses delicate flowers in metal mini vases that create a romantic atmosphere in this room.
Delicate patterns . The last design option is the simplest. This is also a bathroom, but already made in a minimalist style. The walls are decorated with light mosaics diluted with beautiful green patterns. To lay out such patterns is much easier than messing around with a huge panel consisting of hundreds of small parts.
The rest of the room looks quite simple. In addition to plumbing furniture, there is only a towel rack and sink, combined with a small chest of drawers. A mirror comes with the sink, which is very good, as they fit each other. Near the mirror are neat lights that provide the right lighting for makeup and morning treatments. The little things that decorate the room are functional and do not spoil the overall impression of the room.
Mosaic tiles - this is a universal solution that is suitable for decoration as an entrance hall or living room, as well as a bathroom and kitchen. You can choose a beautiful cladding for almost any interior, the main thing is to know what shade is needed, and buy a quality product.
How to properly put the puzzle in the video below.