Lush cloves (Latin: Dianthus superbus) is a perennial ornamental plant with medicinal properties. Translated from Latin means "divine flower." This name is not given in vain, because this plant has an unusually beautiful and sophisticated shape. It is this clove that can be distinguished by flower from other species. Looks great in the composition of the bouquet. Ideal for decorating stony alpine slides, flower beds, borders, balconies.
Lush cloves belongs to the clove family. It has single or numerous stems ascending at the base, a cord-like, thin creeping rhizome. A flower is a combination of 5 carved petals in one inflorescence of pink, purple or white. It blooms in the first year of life. The size of the inflorescence is small - 4-7 cm. They can be on the stem from 1 to 9 pieces. All have a delicate, sweet aroma. Flowering begins in June and lasts until the end of July. The stem height can reach 60 cm. The fruits of the plant are oblong capsules with small seeds that ripen closer to September.
From one flower, you can collect up to 10 grams of seeds. This plant is very hardy to drought and frost.
In nature, cloves prefer fertile, drained soil. Loves the sun and partial shade. Unpretentious, it grows in meadows, in the mountains, sparse parts of the forest, forest-steppe zone. It can be found in Central Europe, the Far East, Western and Eastern Siberia, and Ukraine.
In some regions of Russia, such as Tambov, Kursk, Lipetsk, Belgorod and Saratov, it is listed in the Red Book. It is forbidden to plow untouched steppes, grazing cattle on them, mowing grass ahead of time, planting forest plantations in the area of carnation growth. Measures are being taken to identify new plant habitats, which are subsequently protected. Successful cultivation of a species in 15 botanical gardens of Russia can serve as material for breeding work.
Propagation by the seeds of this plant is the most favorable and convenient way. Seeds collected in September are usually sown in late February - early March. To do this, you need to fertilize and moisten the soil a little. Seeds are laid out directly on the open ground. All this is covered with a film or vermiculite. After a week, the first shoots will rise. They must be protected from cold and drafts. Already in May, they will achieve a certain growth, and they can be planted as an independent plant, but the average air temperature should be at least 10 degrees.
The gap between them during landing should be about 30 cm.
Growth Conditions and Content
For good growth and beautiful, bright flowering, you need to choose a sunny or slightly shaded place. Landing should be in an unlimited size place. If it is a pot, it is necessarily large, with a tray for outflow of water. The plant does not tolerate moisture stagnation. Poor flowering begins if sudden temperature changes are present. So that the flower bed from cloves does not change its splendor, it is necessary to plant young seedlings every 2 years.
The fact is that abundant flowering begins in the second year of life. After winter, second-year plants partially die, therefore, to maintain balance, you just need to sow the seeds in the warm season.
Soil and fertilizer, watering
Lush cloves prefer peat or loamy soil without high acidity. But if suddenly you have acidic soil, be sure to add dolomite flour before planting. This will increase the level of magnesium in the soil. If the soil is fertile, then it will be useful to add peat and sand to it. Organic and mineral fertilizers are used for top dressing once a month, the entire flowering period.
Cloves are recommended to be watered 2 times a week, but if it is very hot, more can be done. Be sure to water the root. A plant does not like moisture on leaves or flowers. The flower winters well, tolerates frosts up to 20 degrees. But temperature drops and glaciers are better to beware of. To do this, it will be useful to cover the plants in the usual way for the winter - prepare a flooring from leaves or simply sprinkle with a small layer of earth.
Pests, diseases and prevention
Too much watering or humidity can cause pests. Spider mites and aphids are the most common for cloves. You can eliminate them by spraying the plant with disinfectants. If yellow or black dots appear on the shoots, then rot infection is not excluded. When this symptom appears, it is necessary to urgently remove the affected shoots, in order to avoid infection of healthy ones.
For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to loosen the soil as often as possible and prevent moisture stagnation.
The use of lush cloves in folk medicine is very common. All its parts have numerous healing properties. A decoction made from its flowers is used for skin rashes, for inflammation of the eye mucosa. They are treated with burns. Preparations based on clove roots exhibit diaphoretic and analgesic effects. The elimination of childhood cramps and the treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system is possible with the help of plant seeds. Clove tea is taken for coughing or asphyxiation.
Aromatic essential oils are made from clove inflorescences. They contain a large number of honey glands, which contributes to a huge amount of nectar excretion. Up to 44 mg can be extracted from one flower. The roots of the plant are rich in vitamins A, B and C. The leaves contain in very large quantities carotene and ascorbic acid. Fresh juice from the flowers of the plant cures liver diseases, the consequences of unsuccessful childbirth.
In Spain, a carnation flower served as the subject of a secret date. The lady chose a certain color of the flower, fastened it to her chest. Thus, by the color of the flower, the cavalier knew the meeting place. In Japan, magnificent carnation is a symbol of the village of Kawakita and one of the country's 7 traditional flowers. The expression "yamato-nadeshiko" is formed by the hieroglyphs "yamato", which means "nationalism of Japan", and "nadeshiko" - "lush clove." In general, it means the ideal of a Japanese woman in traditional society.
As a whole, clove is lush - an unpretentious and easy-to-care plant. Delicate flowers are like feathers; they will decorate your garden or windowsill. Ideal for alpine hill or balcony decor. A bouquet of this carnation will be a gorgeous gift. The main thing is to provide the plant with the necessary care, and it will delight you with its wonderful aroma and abundant flowering.
See below for proper care of cloves.