The layout of any dwelling is a purely personal matter, and what one likes may not radically suit others. In order to be able to make your own adjustments, redraw the space for yourself, there is a simple but reliable way, which involves the use of drywall sheets, which even a novice can work with. The main thing is to know how to make a wall of this material.
The house is a real fortress for everyone, therefore it is so important to equip it so that you feel confident, comfortable and good in it. Buying new housing or changing the number of residents of the old may require redevelopment of the space, so that everything is comfortable in it. In the old house, additional premises may be necessary if the family needs replenishment or one of the relatives needs a private enclosed space in which you can be alone.
Particularly acute is the issue of planning in free-type new buildings , where there is no clear-cut framework of the room, and each tenant can make the design that he likes. You can build brick walls, this has its advantages, because such a design will last a long time and nothing will happen to it. But to build such piers is not very simple, and most importantly, it requires a large amount of materials. For those who have never laid a brick, it will not be easy to cope with this task and make a high-quality and durable partition.
In view of all these circumstances, one of the simplest and most convenient options is the construction of drywall walls. Such designs are easy to do on their own, and this process is affordable even for lay people. In this matter, it is important to know what you need to build a wall and what difficulties you will encounter.
Drywall wall has several important advantages compared to brick - it is easy to install, does not create a lot of weight on the floor due to the frame of thin profiles and simple sheets, the thickness of which does not exceed a centimeter.
Another factor that can be considered an advantage of such structures is the possibility of erecting partitions, walls and piers without obtaining the appropriate permission for redevelopment, which will speed up the process and eliminate unnecessary procedures. For work on creating new boundaries of the premises, it is necessary to determine what and where will change, mark the territory and calculate how many materials will be needed.
Drywall sheets are quite compact in thickness and when stacked one on top of the other, you can bring a lot of material at once. Its weight is also small.
In order for the new walls to be warm and not let in sound, insulation and sound insulation are placed inside the structure. You can conduct wiring in it, install a switch and an outlet so that the functionality of the room does not suffer from its redevelopment.
When planning a rework of large-scale objects, it is important to understand how justified the use of this or that material will be, therefore it is simply necessary to clearly understand what advantages and disadvantages a drywall has and what exactly it will allow to create in a living room.
Advantages and disadvantages
The use of drywall made it possible to obtain fantastic opportunities that were previously extremely difficult, or even impossible to realize, using brick as the main material and erecting walls, walls and partitions from it.
From this material in the room you can make:
- the wall that will divide the room;
- a partition that will allow zoning of the space or give a decorative effect due to the intricate design;
- a complex decorative concept and achieve original forms and textures in the room.
A feature of drywall is the simplicity of working with it. In order to build a wall, you need to form a frame and sheathe it with sheets. The frame structure can be both from metal profiles and from wood. The resulting design is sheathed with drywall on both sides.
Sheets can be ordinary, waterproof and fireproof , their choice will be dictated by the place where a new wall or partition is created. When one wall is sheathed, it is necessary to place glass or mineral wool inside the structure so that the piers not only help divide the room into two parts, but also perform the function of heating and protection from sound.
Among the advantages of this material are:
- simplicity of installation of a design of any type and complexity;
- the ability to erect structures of any shape and type;
- when carrying out work on the construction of walls or partitions, you do not need to have any special or expensive tools;
- inside the wall, you can put wiring, a telephone cable, an air duct, which makes it also functional;
- the resulting wall will be absolutely even and smooth, because the work on its alignment will be reduced to grouting the joints between the plates and puttying the entire surface for further decorative work;
- after all the preparatory work, the finished wall can be painted in any color, wallpaper or even tiled.
This material also has its drawbacks, which include:
- change in the properties of the material in contact with water, drywall from this can swell;
- any load should be thought out in advance and the place of attachment of the picture, sconce, lamp or lamp must be strengthened initially;
- too heavy objects cannot be installed on this surface, which should be taken into account initially when planning and determining the locations of each decor element.
So, with the help of drywall, you can make a wall of any shape and appearance that you can imagine, while the sound insulation and heat in the room will be at a high level, because for this, the corresponding filling is placed inside the structure. Sockets with switches will allow not to limit the possibilities of a new space.
Materials and Tools
When planning a wall construction from drywall, you need to choose the right materials and have all the necessary tools with you so that the work process takes as little time as possible and does not take a lot of energy and energy. In order for the wall to be strong enough, a frame of metal profile is erected for it. For different purposes, there are various profiles.
Most often, for such designs, two options are used:
- A profile, but which will be attached directly to the drywall itself. It is smaller and is conventionally referred to as "D".
- Profile with which the main frame of the wall will be erected. It should be more powerful and larger, conditionally designated as "W".
For each of the above profiles, there are two more options, one of which is reference and is designated as “C”, and the second is a guide and has the designation “U”. The guide profile is simpler, it has the form of a U-shaped design and smooth walls. The supporting profile is inserted into it with an end face. It also has an additional difference from the guide in the form of ribbing, which gives greater strength to the material and does not allow to bend spontaneously.
As the main supporting element of the frame, you need to use a supporting and smaller profile, to which a sheet of drywall will be attached. Its size is 60 by 27 millimeters. As guides for fixing this design, you need to use a narrow guide profile with dimensions of 28 by 27 millimeters. In order to form a wall frame, you need to take a supporting and large profile with sizes of 50 by 50, 50 by 75 or 50 by 100 millimeters. As a guide for this design, a large guide profile with sizes of 50 by 40, 75 by 40, 100 by 40 is used.
There is another version of the profile, which is a thicker and stronger version of the supporting large profile. For the construction of simple walls, only wide profiles are used, but for more complex structures in which it is planned to lay any communications, it is necessary to use thin options for profiles.
In order for the profile to be connected to the frame, you need to have a direct suspension or use the universal connector. The twisting process is carried out with the help of small self-tapping screws-fleas, which have a drill at the end. In addition, special metal screws that have a countersunk head are used. To fix the frame to the wall, you can not do without plastic dowels and shock self-tapping screws.
The optimal thickness of drywall sheets for the wall is considered to be 12.5 millimeters. A mandatory element should be a wide chamfer from the side of the sheet. Depending on the room, you need to choose the appropriate material - for the kitchen and bathroom you need a moisture-proof sheet, and for a normal room, a regular one is also suitable. A distinctive feature will be the color - for moisture-resistant sheets it is green, for ordinary - gray.
Thus, the crate of the drywall construction is most often made of a metal profile, but in some cases, you can use wood. Depending on the type of construction, it will be possible to choose one or another material and choose its thickness.
Tools that will be needed during the construction of walls from plasterboard sheets:
- tape measure not less than 3 meters long;
- level at 80 or 120 centimeters;
- plumb bob;
- fishing line with a rope;
- network or cordless screwdriver, impact drill with nozzles for self-tapping screws;
- hammer drill;
- scissors with which you can cut metal;
- construction knife for cutting gypsum plasterboard sheets;
- drywall grater.
In order to make a high-quality and even wall from drywall, first of all, the construction of a metal frame will be required, on which the sheets will already be attached. In order for the installation to be carried out correctly, certain laws must be taken into account. The first step will be marking the territory where the construction is planned. The next step is to check if the angles are even.
Due to the fact that the walls in the room are often not too smooth, when building a new wall, you need to focus not only on one wall, but also take into account two opposite sides. If the walls have too uneven corners, the easiest way is to beat each of them with drywall, which will align them. Only then approach the installation of a new profile.
To align the racks, the laser level is best , but if not, you can use a simple plumb. Before mounting the profile for walls, ceiling and floor, you need to glue it with a special sealing tape. It will help in cushioning and soundproofing. Before you start attaching profiles, you need to clearly mark out the places on the floor, wall and shelf where the base for the frame will be attached.
When everything is ready, you can begin to fasten the guide profile, taking a step up to one meter. If the mount goes to a wooden surface, then the distance is 50 centimeters and the clutch is using self-tapping screws. If the work is done with a concrete surface, then the frame is screwed with dowels in increments of 75 centimeters. In this case, it is important to make holes in advance.
You can attach to the wall both the bearing and the rack profile, but it is important that it is solid. If the height of the tiles is more than three meters, then for the construction you will have to use longer materials. In the event that a door is planned in a new wall, it is important for it to leave an opening of the desired width on the floor. In the case of standard door dimensions of 80 centimeters, it is important to make the opening 8 centimeters wider in order to be able to install the door frame.
The rack profile is installed from the doorway and determines its width. The first place to fix the profile is the floor, then the level of the entire structure is checked and it is attached to the ceiling. Racks can be installed with any step, it depends on the sheets of drywall. Most often, they are installed as a mounting tool for sheets with an edge and in the middle of the entire structure. The joint of two sheets should lie clearly in the middle of the profile.
If the racks are installed often, then the strength of the wall increases, it will withstand a lot, but the cost of work also increases. As for the profile framing the doorway, for greater rigidity, you can put a wooden block or a bearing profile in it. You can also use lateral struts, which are also reinforced with a beam and installed where there is a horizontal joint of drywall.
The doorway on top is additionally equipped with a jumper. The installation height depends on the dimensions of the door. If it will be two meters, then you need to install a jumper at a height of two meters and five centimeters. They make it from a rack profile, which needs to be cut longer - not 20, or even 30 centimeters. Having retreated 10 or 15 centimeters from each side of the profile, you need to make an incision at 45 degrees. The bevel should look out.
The sides that were trimmed, you need to bend down and give the structure a U-shaped. The vertical parts must be put on the racks and secured with metal screws. When working with drywall sheets, it is important to use only special self-tapping screws that have a press washer. It is she who helps to easily pass through the canvas, without damaging the cardboard and allowing the hat to go deeper to the required distance.
Step-by-step installation instructions
If you want to create a drywall construction with your own hands, you need to properly organize the progress of work. The first thing you need is to align the floor and walls to which the construction of the future wall will be attached. Only after that it is possible to make markings on the floor, taking into account both parallel walls to derive the correct angle for the structure. If the adjacent walls will also be covered with drywall, then initially a crate will be built for them, and after that the installation of the frame for the new wall begins.
According to the markings that are applied to the floor and walls, only the profile needs to be leveled , and the width of the entire wall will increase after the installation of gypsum plaster and putty. It is definitely worth noting the location of the doorway, if one is provided. After the marking is finished on the floor, the next step will be marking the wall and ceiling. To do everything perfectly precisely, it is better to use the laser level. If this is not available, a simple plumb line is also suitable.
When everything is ready, a metal frame is erected. The first profile is attached to the floor with dowels. The second stage is the construction of part of the structure on the ceiling. When both parts are ready, they are connected into a common structure using the CW support posts. If there is a door or a window, for them you need to use the same racks. Installation is from bottom to top, the front side should be directed inside the window or doorways.
The next step is the installation of vertical supports from the same CW profile with a distance of 55 and 60 centimeters from each other. When everything is ready, the level checks all the supports. After this, work is underway to install horizontal faces with a UW profile. When all these works have been completed, you can begin fastening sheets of drywall.
Based on the fact that this material has standard sizes of 2 by 1.20 m, 2.50 by 1.20 m and 3 by 1.20 m, different sizes will be needed for different ceilings. If the room is not tall, then the sheet will most likely have to be cut, the same principle is used for ceilings of more than three meters, when the length will have to be increased.
In order to cut the sheet, use a construction knife.
The cutting process consists of the following steps:
- laying the sheet on a surface that should be as flat and solid as possible;
- you need to draw a line along which the incision will go with a pencil;
- you need to cut carefully and only the cardboard itself;
- the sheet is shifted to the edge of the flat support to the drawn line, by pressing it is necessary to make a break on it;
- turn over drywall and draw the same line on the reverse side, along which to make the same incision;
- displace along the notch line, press and completely break the GCR.
The extreme part is recommended to be made a little beveled, which will contribute to a better finish of the finished wall. To give this shape, you need to cut it with a plasterboard grater.
The next step will be the fastening of drywall sheets to the finished frame.
To do this, you must:
- On the first sheet, a side chamfer is removed, for which a strip of 55 millimeters is cut off.
- The sheets are fastened from the bottom corner of the wall. It is important to make a small indent from the floor of 10 or 15 millimeters.
- Fastening the sheet to the crate using screws 3.5 to 35 millimeters. The edges are fixed first, and then they move to the middle. The width from the self-tapping screw to the self-tapping screw should not exceed d25 centimeters. Hats must be slightly deepened into the surface of the sheet.
- After installing the first element of drywall, you need to measure the distance that remains to the ceiling, and cut off the corresponding piece.
- Chamfering on a sheet.
- Install it on the frame.
- The following sheets are important to fasten in a checkerboard pattern, but there is no need to trim the chamfer. This is how the whole sheet is fixed, without trimming. The mount goes from the ceiling to the floor. Thus, the entire side of the future wall is sheathed.
When work with one party has been completed, it is important to consider whether wiring and a telephone cable will be needed in the new room. If so, the next step will be to install them. For wiring, it is necessary to prepare corrugated pipes and insert wires into them. After that, it is necessary to make holes in the profile with a diameter of 3.5 cm and pass through them pipes with wires. It is important to determine the holes for the sockets and the switch and make them in advance.
To build a quality wall, you need to supplement its interior with appropriate materials that will be soundproofed and will make it possible to feel confident and comfortable, as if behind a stone wall. You need to do this correctly using mineral wool 6 or 12 centimeters thick. Cotton wool fits tightly between the profiles, this will be enough for a good fixation. After everything is done, you can put a second wall.
The technology of its sheathing is the same. As soon as all installation work is completed, a new stage begins , where the finished wall is exposed to the processing process:
- the joints between the drywall sheets are glued with a sickle;
- wall treatment with starting putty;
- processing the wall with finishing putty, leveling the places where the screws are located;
- putty grout with sandpaper;
- decorative wall decoration.
The false wall can be ready quickly enough, it all depends on the skill of the master and his experience. A beginner will be able to assemble such a design, it just will require him more time.
The interior walls will serve for a long time, most importantly, monitor the conditions of their operation. As a decor of such elements, you can use paint, wallpaper or tile, it all depends on the room, interior and the desire of the owners themselves.
Drywall is a very convenient material for work, especially for creating interesting and unusual images in the interior. This becomes possible due to the fact that the sheets can take the most diverse form, they can not only be cut, but also bent, for which it is enough to simply wet the sheet and give it the desired shape.
You can use this material anywhere - both in a private house, and in an apartment, and in each case the design can be completely different. Variants of how exactly this or that space may look may differ in style, shape, and texture. It is possible to erect structures with gypsum plaster in the bathroom, bedroom, corridor and any other room, only the decoration material will differ. For rooms with a high level of humidity, moisture-resistant sheets are used.
A false wall is completely similar to an ordinary one, moreover, it can be equipped with a door and fully serve its owners to separate certain areas of the room. To carry out such an idea, when designing, they leave room for an aperture and later place doors in it.
For zoning the space, it is not necessary to erect whole walls, you can limit yourself to a small partition that will look spectacular with lighting from above and decorative drawers. The implementation of the partition is not a continuous canvas allows you to give the design lightness. Complete shelves will help to add coziness and hide small things in a secluded place. This option is best for the living room, but you can use it in the room.
A distinctive feature of drywall is the ability to apply any decorating methods to it. To create a cozy atmosphere in living rooms, you can glue the wallpaper on the finished wall or paint it in any color and even cover it with natural or artificial stone. The latter option is especially suitable for a fireplace, which can also be made of gypsum plaster. In the kitchen or bathroom, the option of coloring is also suitable, but you can put tiles to accurately protect the walls from excess moisture and create a full-fledged feeling of a real brick wall.
When planning the construction of a drywall wall, it is initially necessary to prepare the room. There should not be anything superfluous in it, because it will not be easy to place a sheet 2 or 3 meters long in it. The room should be clean enough so that the drywall sheets do not get dirty, because then you will need to get rid of the stains so that they do not appear on the surface of the wallpaper or paint.
It is important to plan the room correctly , consider the heating system, and if necessary, bring the batteries into the new living space. It is necessary to take into account the light that will be blocked by the new design. If windows are located on only one side, it is important not to completely block access to them.
If a wall is not formed, but a partition, it is better to do it with shelves, rather than a solid structure, which will allow us to divide the space and the storage area, and provide light access to the second part of the room.
Examples in the interior
Gypsum plasterboard wall can become a real highlight in the interior, the main thing is to correctly approach the process of its design, choose the right materials that will help to decorate the room and emphasize its features.
In the bedroom with the help of drywall, you can create an original and unique design. The wall by the bed is decorated with ornate lines, soft forms give comfort and contribute to a good rest. The presence of shelves allows you to store small things there and use them as a place for fixtures.
For the living room, especially when it borders the kitchen and is not separated by walls, you can use the original semicircular design, which rises from the wall to the ceiling. The space is divided into two zones. In this case, the use of white color best helps increase the space of both zones.
Drywall wall can be designed immediately with a doorway to divide the space between the two rooms. Doors can be single or double, with glass or deaf, it depends on the design of the room.
For how to make a drywall partition, see the next video.