Work boots are a vital part of personal protective equipment against shock, water and hazardous chemicals. How to choose the right safety shoes and which models are the best - read the article.
The saying “All safety rules are written in blood” means that according to the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, Art. 229 after any industrial accident, a special commission is obliged to conduct an inspection with the participation of a labor safety specialist. Legislation obliges employers to create safe conditions for the life and health of workers, and workers are required to comply with them. Personal protective equipment (PPE) at work from harmful, dangerous and other negative factors includes work clothing and footwear.
Fact! Safety shoes are issued provided that the duties performed are associated with the potential risk of leg injury (regulated by Art. TK 209).
Manufacturers are required to check and indicate the properties and classification of work shoes according to the list listed in the Interstate Quality Standard SSBT GOST 12.4.127-83, where there are various physical, mechanical, ergonomic, hygienic indicators: the required thickness and strength of various parts, linear dimensions, permissible operating temperature , permeability of aggressive environments and toxic substances, and much more.
Depending on the characteristics of industrial labor, models of various designs are made. The classification of work boots is divided by purpose, season, materials, style and size. According to the season, the shoes are divided into summer, demi-season and winter (insulated).
By the method of protection they distinguish:
- from bumps, cuts and punctures;
- from vibrations;
- from slipping;
- from a chemical burn;
- from splashes of molten metal, contact with a hot surface, extremely high or low temperatures;
- from electric shock.
Safety shoes are equipped with various protective pads - with a composite or iron toe cap and high-strength shields. Armor with a metal toe and insole has considerable weight (the heaviest of steel) and is not so comfortable to wear, but more reliable when there is a risk of punctures and bumps with a force of 5 to 200 J.
As the top material, leathers of various processing and leather substitutes (often in minor details), rubber and tarpaulin (multilayer and durable cotton canvas with rubber impregnation) are used.
Interesting! Kirz boots are a cheap substitute for natural ones; for a long time the Russian army was equipped with them. Following the decree of Secretary of Defense Shoigu, they were replaced by, as expected, more durable leather boots (similar to the American Corcoran Marauder boots).
However, the military still criticized the domestic products of the manufacturers "Parity", "Donobuv", "Voentorg" and "Faraday". The sole can be made of rubber, PVC (polyvinyl chloride), PU and TPU (polyurethane and heat-resistant PU), strong and resistant to aggressive environments nitrile (synthetic rubber).
The size of the boot is divided into shoe covers, berets, low shoes, boots, low boots and high boots with full protection of the ankle, which can reach a height right up to the thigh. The fasteners come with laces or zippers and can be additionally equipped with a protective leather flap and an emergency unfastening system in case of an accident.
The best manufacturers and models
In any craft, the correct organization of labor significantly increases its effectiveness. In this sense, work shoes of many foreign manufacturers are the best investment, as a guarantee of high efficiency (efficiency) and increase the potential of specialists, respectively, good business profitability in the future.
The American company Red Wing Shoes since the early 1900s has been producing excellent leather shoes and shoes for everyday and professional use. With more than a century of experience, she protects and develops her skills in the manufacture of handmade shoes.
Attention! The corporate line includes: boots for tourism, mountaineering, the armed forces, for the conditions of oil fields, with protection against electric arc, mechanical and chemical damage at construction sites and for severe weather conditions.
When designing the pads for women's boots and boots, all the anatomical features of the female foot were taken into account. “Red Wings” are responsible for the quality of the raw materials themselves, constantly experimenting with the processing of materials and leather dressing; when the sole is worn, it can be replaced in the factory.
Vintage Lone Wolf boots made in Japan on the basis of working boots USA 1930s. Every detail is produced with extreme meticulousness. Japanese models are also very much appreciated, for example, Mechanic Boots Black of the Lone Wolf brand.
Timberland is the manufacturer of the famous brand of bright mustard color Yellow Boots. At one time, he made a splash with his innovative at that time technology of seamless connection of rubber soles with leather upper. The triple seam made of kapron filament gave particular strength to the structure; therefore, the Timberlands were famous for their unique reliability and moisture resistance.
Also, the most famous brands include the elite British Grenson Brogues - suppliers of goods for the English army during the Second World War.
And the Italian companies Cofra, Pezzol and Panda Safety are the leading European manufacturers of high-tech shoes, warmed for the demi-season, with improved anatomical characteristics, protective composite gaskets and soles for all types of surfaces and hazardous conditions.
Criterias of choice
The choice of the right work boots is partly given to external preferences, but it is equally important to make sure that they can perform their immediate functions - they protect their feet from injuries. If there is a risk of heavy objects falling on your leg, choose pads with different shields, for example, with metatarsal protection of the metatarsal bone on the upper part of the foot. By type of material, there are two types of toe caps - iron (steel or aluminum) and composite (carbon fiber, plastic or Kevlar).
Important! Often, safety shoes for work seem too cumbersome, but do not make a total mistake by choosing a shoe that is too tight, as this threatens not only with blisters and corns, but even with ingrown nails and serious foot diseases.
Size should correspond not only to the insole, but also to the fullness of the legs. Modern manufacturers have learned to make more anatomical, asymmetric pads that match the shape of the fingers and feet.
Choosing the right shoes for the job is only half the battle! It is equally important to understand when it is time to replace the old safety shoes and take good care of them in order to extend the service life as long as possible. Wear criteria are subjective, but the basic rule is to replace with noticeable damage to the toe, back and metatarsal protection. For moisture- and chemically resistant rubber and PVC shoes, any separation of materials will be critical.
The same applies if the tread pattern is erased, which may become slippery or allow harmful substances to pass through. You can check for leaks with a regular newspaper or towel. To do this, it is enough to put a dry cloth inside and leave the boots overnight in a container of water, if they remain dry, then everything is in order. Or, conversely, pour water into the pads, wash and wrap the dry boot on the outside with a newspaper, looking for a leak.
Important! To prevent drying out and cracking, use special creams and oils for genuine leather.
Take care and take care of your shoes . Ideally, you should have two pairs of boots, because a man’s leg can give up to 200 milliliters of sweat per day, and this is fraught with quick souring of the inner lining and insole. Sometimes change insoles, special footwear should also be kept clean, which will increase not only the time of its operation, but also your own labor productivity.
See below for how to choose work boots for the winter.