Every family sooner or later needs to carry out repairs. Whether it’s buying a new spacious apartment or the need to renovate an old house, I want this serious and time-consuming event to go as smoothly as possible. An important role in this process should be assigned to the selection of high-quality and convenient tools and devices. If you prepare everything you need in advance, you can save time and money so that you do not get distracted by unnecessary shopping trips in the future.
During the repair, a spatula will almost always be used , and certainly not one. This tool is useful for carrying out several types of repair work, including for puttying walls.
What it is?
Translated from German, “spatel” means “shoulder blade”. It is a plate with a handle. The plate can be of different shapes and sizes depending on the purpose of the spatula. The materials from which the working part of the tool is made also differ.
There are different options for the execution of a spatula - some are suitable for removing old wallpaper, others are suitable for grouting or laying tiles and evenly applying an adhesive layer. There are tools for coating surfaces with cement mortars, for scraping off old paint, puttying walls, leveling surface materials or laying bricks.
The working part of the spatula can be made of plastic, glass, rubber, steel or wood.
Spatulas used for different types of work should be selected strictly in accordance with their purpose. At different stages of repair, different versions of this tool may be needed. Below, we consider the types of spatulas used in the puttying of wall surfaces.
This type of tool is used to cover the surface of walls with plaster and putty mixtures, as well as for subsequent leveling of the applied solution and elimination of irregularities. Facade spatulas should be used to work on pre-prepared large areas of the surface. These products are characterized by a relatively high cost due to the improved characteristics of the tool. Facade spatulas are made of materials of increased strength and durability.
As a rule, the working part of the tool is made of high-quality metal alloys, which allows to increase its resistance to deformations arising from pressure, compression and the application of serious forces.
The blade of the working part is rigidly attached by an aluminum profile to the handle of the tool , which minimizes the risk of bending and breakage of the product. The handles of the facade spatulas are comfortable, rubberized, lie firmly in the hand and do not slip out during operation. The width of the working blade varies between 150-800 millimeters.
These products are sold in any construction supermarket. They are a work surface with a serrated outer edge, fixed in a rubber or wooden handle. Such spatulas are specially designed to create an even layer of adhesive of the required thickness on the surface of the floor or walls. The tool is indispensable for laying tiles, ceramics and porcelain.
The larger the tile, the larger the teeth should be in the chosen model of the spatula. And vice versa, for a small mosaic you need an instance with frequent and small teeth.
The correct selection of the tool will save glue solution, as well as ensure high-quality contact of the tile with the material of the wall or floor. In addition, it is convenient to remove excess adhesive from the working materials with a serrated surface.
The angular type of the tool looks like a metal working canvas bent at a right angle with a convenient handle. Such a spatula is used for putty work in the corners of the premises. The shape of the tool allows you to conveniently align the surface of the corners between adjacent walls or under the ceiling. A problem with the use of an angled spatula may occur if the initial planning of the room was performed in violation of the correct angles.
In the "Khrushchev" it is often found during the repair that the angle between the walls is clearly sharp, or vice versa, obtuse. Such features of the rooms make it difficult for the corner spatula to access the work site and reduce the quality and uniformity of the putty in hard-to-reach places. Therefore, when carrying out repairs, it is often preferred to install decorative corners at the joints where the design project allows.
It is similar in purpose to a facade spatula, but differs from it in design. Dimensions range around 200-450 millimeters. Paint spatulas have a thinner working edge. Often made of metals of not the highest quality, which positively affects their cost and availability. However, this entails a reduction in their useful life and greatly increases the likelihood of breakage with strong compression or bending.
On the other hand, the small thickness of the working part in combination with the flexibility and elasticity of the material allows the use of such a tool for applying putty mortars in a thin layer. This property of the paint spatula determines its predominant use at the final stage of work when applying the final coating layer. Also, such a tool is quite suitable for cleaning walls and removing the old layer of wallpaper, puttying cracks and removing small roughnesses and roughnesses on the walls.
Made of rubber
Rubber putty tool is made from elastic, dense and flexible varieties of rubber. The price of the product will depend on the size, manufacturer and characteristics of the material. Sizes range from the smallest, designed to work with hard-to-reach areas of the treated surface, to large specimens.
Rubber spatulas with a wide working part, connected to the same rubber or wooden handle, are used to work on wide areas of the surface, covered with liquid, fluid mixtures and solutions. Spatulas are less ergonomic and applicable for applying thin finishing layers of putty or plaster, for puttying joints, grouting joints, and also for eliminating defects in walls and other surfaces. Often, rubber spatulas are sold immediately with sets of several models of different sizes. The tool is characterized by high elasticity, a wide range of applications and often has no joints, since it is made entirely of rubber.
For applying a decorative mixture
In addition to spatulas for applying rough finishing materials, there are products specialized in decorative finishes. Decorative plaster is in demand in the construction market and is often used for repair and decoration of residential premises. The standard tool for finishing is a trowel. This is a tool with a complex tetrahedral shape of the working part. The trowel usually has a wooden or rubber handle. Using the edges of the working part, decorative plaster is applied to the walls and ceiling, which stretches well, creating a textured layer.
A trowel is not a separate type of tool, but a kind of spatula. It is also called the Venetian spatula.
The choice of the trowel should be made directly by the finisher , since the ease of use of the handle of the tool will determine how easy and comfortable it will be to work with painstaking application of the patterned layer.
In addition to trowels, special graters are used to obtain the textured surface of the decorative coating. To create an interesting relief, special plaster with the unusual name “bark beetle” is often purchased. After processing the desired model with a grater, the decorative coating created by the bark beetle acquires a relief resembling wood eaten by the same beetle. This type of decoration looks expensive and original. It is optimally used in a classic interior.
Another type of tool for decorative coatings is a special spatula equipped with a polished blade, similar to the paint version of the spatula. It is also convenient for applying thin layers of finishing material, it can be of different widths and usually differs in average cost due to the use of stainless materials in the manufacture of the working part.
As already mentioned, repair tools can vary greatly both in price and in workmanship and workmanship. Models of spatulas designed for professional craftsmen will last longer and will endure more than one repair.
Simple and cheap models will be thinner and more sensitive to mechanical stress, but if you work carefully, they will not ruin the wallet. Which option to choose is up to the owner.
But no less close attention should be paid to the choice of the specific size of the tool used.
Construction supermarkets offer a wide range of spatulas of various standardized dimensions. When choosing and buying products, you should pay attention to the width of the work surface. An oversized spatula, improperly selected for a certain type of work, will deform and bend, which will ultimately lead to breakage and the need for replacement, as well as to poor quality repair work.
It is better to choose the facade type of a spatula with a width of 300-400 millimeters, but it is recommended to take into account the area of the processed surface. The final choice will always be individual. For rough putty, narrower models are needed, and very small ones are useful for areas with difficult access, cracks, cracks and corners. If there are serious potholes and pits in the walls, a large tool will be required to simultaneously apply a large layer of material to the defective area.
Selection of materials and manufacturers
The plastic handle is easier to clean from finishing materials. The cost of such models is low, but poor-quality plastic may be uncomfortable for the hands, especially with the application of force. The same applies to the material of the working side. The stronger the working part, the less likely it is to spend money on a new tool instead of a broken one, but in this case you will have to fork out immediately for a large amount.
You can putty mechanized handle with interchangeable cartridges or choose a homemade tool. You can replace the device at any time, choosing the one that is more convenient for you to work with.
The range of spatulas presented on the construction market includes both imported models and options for domestic production. Give preference to products of large brands, delve into consumer reviews and do not take risks by acquiring a “nameless” model. By approaching the choice of a tool carefully and wisely, you can be sure that the repair will be durable.
For information on which spatula it is better to choose for puttying the walls, see the next video.