Semi-professional cameras are the optimal solution for experienced professionals. Such devices have a favorable price, but at the same time provide good detail. There are many models on the modern market, which greatly complicates the selection process.
In most cases, semi-professional devices are bought by people who plan to seriously engage in filming. In addition, there is a small percentage of perfectionists who, even in family photographs, will not suffer any flaws.
How are they different from professional ones?
Oddly enough, there are almost no differences between semi-professional and professional ones. First of all, this is the price, which can vary several times. It depends on the matrix, housing and other components used. For example, the case of expensive models is made of durable materials, which are famous for their resistance to mechanical damage.
The difference between the two types also lies in the configuration features. Semi-professional options have automatic tuning, focus, etc., but cameras designed for real professionals require manual change of all parameters.
Another difference lies in the lens, as semi-professional models are equipped with high-aperture optics, which play an important role in ensuring the quality of photographs.
Semi-professional cameras can be SLR and ultrasound. Of course, the first option is more preferable, as it allows you to achieve better quality photos, including detail and color. However, superzoom are more affordable cost, which compares them favorably with competitors.
That is why novice photographers are advised to purchase first the ultrasounds that will allow you to understand the basics of this profession, and only after that switch to advanced mirror options.
Rating of the best models
A huge number of semi-professional models are presented on the modern market, and the TOP rating is as follows.
Canon EOS 6D Mark II
Canon EOS 6D Mark II - an updated model, which is famous for its functionality, as well as a wonderful matrix. A distinctive feature of the device is a dual pixel sensor, as well as hardware and software support for photosensitivity. Autofocus boasts 45 points, and the built-in stabilization system ensures excellent shots in all conditions. The camera received good autonomy - now it is possible to take up to 1200 shots on a single charge. The only drawback is that the case is made of plastic, albeit high strength.
Nikon D610 - despite its small size, the camera features protection against moisture, as well as an advanced automatic focus system. That is why the model is very popular among fans of studio shooting. A 24 megapixel matrix and an ISO of 3200 units allows you to get rid of any noise. Among the main advantages of the device are good autonomy, excellent metering regardless of lighting, as well as the ability to shoot video in FullHD resolution.
Canon EOS 6D
Canon EOS 6D is one of the most affordable semi-professional DSLRs that boasts a 20 megapixel sensor. In addition, the viewfinder coverage here is 97%. This is enough for shooting at a professional level. The device will perfectly cope with nature, landscapes, studio portraits, etc. Novice photographers may not like this model, since there is poor auto focus, but the manual one is at a high level.
A distinctive feature of the model is a soft shutter, as well as good autonomy - if necessary, more than 1 thousand photos can be taken on a single charge. The color rendering quality is also at a high level, due to which the pictures are obtained quite professional.
Nikon D7500 - no other model has received as many prizes and regalia as this. A distinctive feature of the device is a high-class matrix, as well as the ability to shoot 8 frames per second. In addition, the device boasts a magnificent display that can tilt and rotate. The camera is in great demand among video enthusiasts, because it supports 4K recording.
The case is made of plastic, which is resistant to shock and mechanical stress. Ergonomics, too, there are no complaints, each button is thought out and is in the most convenient place. One of the advantages of the model is also a 51-point auto focus;
Sony Alpha ILCA-77M2
Sony Alpha ILCA-77M2 - a unique model with crop matrix. The main advantage of the device is the presence of the Bionz X processor , which makes it possible to work with 79 focus points. In addition, it is thanks to this processor that the device is ready for shooting in less than a second after switching on.
The case of the novelty is made of magnesium alloy, which ensures its strength and ability to withstand mechanical stress.
Criterias of choice
So that a semi-professional camera can fully fulfill the functions assigned to it, it should be correctly selected.
Number of claimed megapixels
Most people believe that the more megapixels in the device, the better the photos will be obtained. Of course, there is some truth in this, but not only this circumstance affects the quality of images. The number of MPs only indicates how many sensors are located on the matrix.
Do not chase this indicator and make it the main one when choosing a device, since too many megapixels can cause noise, blur, and other similar problems in photographs. Most experts say that the golden mean is 16 megapixels.
The second indicator that you should pay attention to when choosing a semi-professional camera is the size of the matrix. It is from this element that the sharpness of the picture depends. However, it should be remembered that if the matrix is too large, then the pixels will be appropriate. As a result, the quality of the images at the output will be worse than that of a device with a small matrix.
The real sensitivity of the matrix
The ISO setting is one of the most important indicators. Photographers appreciate high sensitivity, as this has a direct effect on the quality of the images at dusk.
The real sensitivity of the matrix can be in a fairly wide range - from 50 units in conventional soap dishes, to 25600 units in professional devices. For semi-professional options, an indicator of 3200 units is suitable.
Crop frame and full frame
Some experts believe that these indicators can adversely affect the quality of the images taken. The crop factor refers to the ratio of the frame to the matrix diagonal. The technology is very popular, and among the main advantages the following aspects can be distinguished:
- the ability to minimize noise;
- maximum harmonious transitions in tones;
- the ability to get a full shot.
However, such a technology also has a drawback - the shooting speed is reduced, and similar devices cannot boast of compatibility with all lenses.
In addition, SLRs with a crop frame are characterized by their excessive demands on the quality of optics.
Additional functions and features also affect the usability of the device and the quality of the resulting images. Among the most important characteristics it is worth highlighting.
- The function of continuous shooting - in such models, the number of shots can reach even 1000 per minute. It all depends on the shutter speed, as well as software photo processing.
- Shutter Speed The parameter is important for professionals who like to conduct various experiments during the shooting. In addition, the shutter speed directly affects the sharpness of the photo, and also makes it possible to obtain various effects.
- Security. Semi-professional cameras boast shockproof housing, which will be very useful when traveling. In addition, such devices are famous for their resistance to dust and moisture, so you can shoot on the beach without fear. The optical filter is protected by a special coating with antistatic characteristics.
Another important parameter is the size of the LCD. The better the screen, the more pleasant the shooting.
You can instantly see if the model opened the “eyes”, whether there was a flash, whether there were any extra objects in the shooting field. The main advantage of the screen is that the photographer can delete unsuccessful photographs already while shooting, while on the PC he can already process the necessary files.
Thus, semi-professional cameras occupy a niche between amateur and professional devices. These cameras boast a good matrix, shockproof housing, as well as excellent autonomy. Compared to the "sophisticated" professional options, the cameras in question are inexpensive, so almost any photographers can afford them.
In the next video, you will find a detailed review of the Nikon D610 camera.