Indoor plants not only decorate and refresh the interior, but also positively affect the microclimate of the room. Some representatives of the flora stand out with an excellent disinfecting effect. The crested chlorophytum possesses such properties. Many flower growers fell in love with the plant due to its original appearance, simple care and the ability to clean the air.
Description and brief description
A herbaceous perennial plant feels great indoors. Under natural conditions, it can be found in the tropical and subtropical forests of South Africa. The exotic flower is characterized by a striped coloration. The leaves are saturated green, covered with white stripes in the center or edges. This plant was domesticated at the end of the 19th century. It was during this period that European experts brought out several samples for growing a flower at room conditions in Europe.
The appearance of the plant is as follows.
- When grown at home, growth will vary from 30 to 40 centimeters.
- In spring, during the flowering period, you can observe small white or light green flowers located along the stems.
- The roots are located close to the surface of the soil.
- A bunch of green mass is dense. Its maximum width reaches 30 centimeters. Length - from 20 to 50-70 centimeters. The leaves are narrow and thin.
- In the process of development on the tips of the drooping stems appear children (processes for transplantation) with small roots. They have the ability to absorb moisture and air.
In order for the plant to feel wonderful and enjoy a healthy appearance, it needs a sufficient amount of moisture, heat and light. Despite this, the flower can survive a slight lack of lighting. Also, he is not afraid of a slight drying of the earth and changes in temperature conditions. Due to these characteristics, the plant is ideal for beginner gardeners.
Abundant fertilization is not necessary, as is a large flower pot. The ideal temperature in the warm season varies from 14 to 18 degrees Celsius, and with the advent of winter, the indicator is lowered to around 10-12 degrees.
In dry and hot weather, it is recommended to regularly spray at room temperature with standing water. In winter, the amount of watering is reduced so that it is easier for the plant to tolerate cooling.
A land substrate with a neutral acidity index (pH from 6 to 7) is great for growing plants. The soil should be light, airy and necessarily fertile. It is not difficult to get the right mixture in a specialized store. You can also prepare the composition yourself by mixing the following ingredients in a ratio of 3: 1: 1:
- turf land;
- sheet earth;
- river sand (washed).
Remember that the roots of the flower are almost on the surface of the earth, which is why a narrow container is not suitable for growing. A container whose diameter will exceed the height by about 20-30% is great.
Direct sunlight will harm the plant. Only bright, but at the same time soft and diffused light will do. Experts note that the lack of lighting negatively affects the beauty of the flower. He begins to lose brightness and expressiveness of color.
An ideal place for a plant is a window in the southeastern part of the house.
If it is not possible to place it on the windowsill, install a flower pot with a flower near the window opening. With this arrangement, the plant will receive light from morning until noon, or after two in the afternoon and before sunset. Also, chlorophytum will feel great on the north side, provided it is located directly on the windowsill, and not on the adjacent wall.
With a significant lack of moisture in the soil, the leaves will dry out. With its short-term lack, the plant will be able to maintain its appearance due to dense roots. Pay particular attention to the humidity of the earth during active flower growth. In the warm season, it is necessary to water the plant about 2 times a week or to water 1 time every 3-4 days. In this case, excess moisture should not stagnate in the flower pot. With the advent of autumn, the volume of irrigation is cut. During this period, the plant will be sufficiently moistened once a week, as soon as the topsoil dries out a little.
The flower needs additional fertilizing in the summer, when the flowering period begins, as well as with the formation of processes of children. Adult plants also need fertilizer. They are introduced into the soil from May to the end of summer, 1-2 times per month. Preparations are dissolved in water and water the soil. On sale you can find balanced formulations designed specifically for this variety.
Some drugs are used depending on the condition of the plant or to achieve a certain effect.
If the color of the flower begins to lose saturation, use compounds containing magnesium, molybdenum and iron. Urea, potassium nitrate and ammophosk are suitable for stimulating growth.
Need for transplant
For better health, the plant is transplanted. The work is carried out at the beginning of the process of active vegetation, which falls in the spring. The flower needs an annual transplant for the first 5 years of growth. For an adult plant, choose a container that is several centimeters larger than the previous one. After complete formation, chlorophytum no longer needs a transplant.
The easiest way to propagate the plant is to plant a baby with developed aerial roots from the mother bush. The vegetative propagation method allows you to grow a new flower in the shortest possible time. If the conditions for the development and growth of the plant are comfortable, the shrub begins to form several tiers of children, ready to be transplanted to a new place. Each of the processes rooted without problems and eventually forms into a full-fledged and adult plant.
Experts recommend removing extra babies due to the fact that they take a lot of power from the mother plant.
Outlets with roots 2 centimeters long are suitable for transplanting into separate containers. For growing young sprouts, a substrate of peat and compost is great. Germinate them in a bright place, but make sure that direct rays do not touch the plants. Do not forget to regularly moisten the soil. Under favorable conditions, new foliage is formed during the first 14 days.
You can also sprout a flower from processes that do not yet have their own roots. In this case, the baby is carefully cut and then placed in a plastic cup filled with clean or settled water. The fluid should only touch the base of the appendix outlet. When the first roots appear, the plant can be transplanted into the ground.
It is possible to increase the amount of chlorophytum by dividing the shrub into several parts and planting them in separate containers. The disadvantage of this method is that the flower does not tolerate this procedure.
Using seeds, you can also propagate the plant, however, this is a very complex and difficult process.
This breeding method is recommended only for professional breeders.
Through the efforts of breeders, the following varieties of chlorophytum were bred .
- A species called Bonnie is characterized by twisted leaves resembling large curls.
- Ocean foliage has white “hair” around the edges. The maximum length of foliage is 30 centimeters.
- The Laxum species has the thinnest leaves compared to other varieties. The length reaches 20 centimeters.
- Variegatum. Foliage with white stripes in the edging reaches 40 centimeters.
- The Mandaianum variety is compact in size due to leaf lengths of up to 15 centimeters. The color is dark green, with a yellow stripe in the center.
- Picturatum is also decorated with yellow stripes, but in this case they are located on the edges, and the length of the foliage is up to 30 centimeters.
- The Vittatum plant stands out with leaves, the average length of which is from 60 to 70 centimeters, with one or more white stripes in the middle.
Each species is unique in its own way, but the Vittatum variety is in special demand among gardeners.
Features of the Vittatum variety
This variety of indoor plants has earned high popularity due to the unique properties for cleaning indoor air. This is not only attractive, but also very unpretentious and useful plant. It is often chosen by residents of large cities with poor-quality ecology. As practice shows, the plant effectively cleans the air of formaldehydes and carbon monoxide.
It is recommended to place the flower not only in the living rooms, but also in the kitchen.
Due to its unique properties, this variety is often called the champion of air purification.
Special properties of the plant
Chlorophytum crested has special qualities for cleaning indoor air. Due to its amazing properties, it is often grown in medical institutions, schools, kindergartens and other similar institutions. In order to study the effectiveness of the plant, scientific studies have been conducted. In the course of the work, it turned out that in 24 hours the flower can neutralize up to 70% of dangerous microorganisms, as well as absorb about 80% of toxins around itself. Also, the plant is often used for vertical gardening.
Professional breeders distinguish the following plant properties:
- a significant reduction in the number of harmful microbes in the room;
- Utilization of gas, which appears as a result of burning coal, firewood and other materials;
- neutralization of toxins that emit artificial building and decoration materials.
For beginners, this plant is suitable for:
- easy and simple reproduction with the help of processes;
- excellent growth under artificial lighting;
You can find tips on growing and caring for chlorophytum in the next video.