A pick of plants is a pinch of the root stem in terms of transplantation. This procedure is often not necessary, however, it has a positive effect on the state of the sprout, contributes to its magnificent and rapid growth. This process is very simple to implement, even a beginner grower can easily cope with it. The main thing is to figure out what plan you need to act on. We will figure out when and how to properly dive a petunia after germination.
Why do you need a pick?
Seedlings that have sprouted in thick rows will soon inevitably begin to feel uncomfortable with insufficient exposure to light, because they often obscure each other. Flowers gradually stretch up, the stems become thinner. In such conditions, the roots always weaken, because there is catastrophically small free space for growth in breadth. All these problems can be easily and quickly solved by turning to timely picking of petunias. This process ensures healthy seedling growth.
Moving seedlings to isolated containers with the required soil volume allows each sprout to receive in the proper amount all the necessary substances for food and water. The roots after pinching form a lot of lateral shoots, which actively feed the seedling, not allowing it to stretch up too much.
Ill and weakened seedlings are selected during transplantation.
Suitable time and conditions
Diving petunias is an almost necessary procedure. During its holding, the root system of this beautiful flower begins to develop more actively. Before moving directly into the open ground, the seedling must be correctly dived, it must be done several times. Many beginner gardeners are interested in when to do this for the first time.
The “starting” pick should be carried out as soon as the first 3-4 sheets are formed. It is required so that at this stage and in the future seedlings do not create inconvenience for each other and do not interfere with the growth of neighboring flowers. As for the picking of seedlings of petunias - it should be done only on day 15. Young and fragile seedlings need to dive further.
This will be required in early May, before the first noticeable buds are formed.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that a competently performed pick is incredibly useful for the root system of this popular and beautiful flower. Thanks to this procedure, the shrub begins to be more actively fed by all the substances necessary for it, which are present in the content of the substrate. In addition, because of this, leaf blades develop well, many flower buds are formed.
When the procedure is completed, a container of flowers is placed on the windowsill. Some gardeners do things differently - they place vessels on special racks equipped with an addition in the form of a backlight. Watering the soil here must be done as necessary. Do not forget about such an important moment as top dressing.
It is very important to pay attention to planting material. If it is too thickened, then the pick should in no case be postponed.
An impressive level of density will not allow seedlings to grow fully. Most flower growers, in accordance with their preferences, choose their favorite varieties and their hybrid varieties, thereby embodying a variety of ideas.
Due to the petunia, a garden, a kitchen garden or a simple balcony can become real works of art and will attract a lot of attention.
Before proceeding to pick a petunia after germination, you need to prepare seedlings. Only under the condition of a well-conducted procedure can we talk about quick and easy adaptation of colors in new conditions for them. Before picking, you should familiarize yourself with some useful tips and tricks from experienced gardeners.
- First, be sure to consider how much the leaf has in the sprout. If there are less than 3 pieces, then for now it is advisable to refuse transplants. Unreasonably early commission of such a procedure can adversely affect the state of a seedling, although some growers claim that the smaller the seedling, the easier the transplant itself will go.
- Just starting the procedure for transplanting petunias, you will need to moisten the soil in advance, in which young sprouts are located . These actions will need to be carried out approximately 25-30 minutes before the stage of extraction of planting material from the soil.
- Before moving the seedling to fresh soil, it is advisable to dip the root system in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. For this process, this substance must be diluted in a ratio of 1 g per 1 liter of water. This simple action will enable the rhizome system to avoid attacks from pathogenic bacteria and various kinds of dangerous microorganisms that can cause serious damage to the sprout.
The picking of this beautiful and popular flower is permissible only after its proper disinfection. Roots must be preliminarily properly prepared and processed so that in the future there are no serious problems with the plant, serious diseases do not make themselves felt.
In no case should you neglect the preparation of a petunia for a dive.
Picking young seedlings of petunias is a simple and understandable process. It is quite possible to handle it at home. It is not necessary to be an experienced florist. The main thing is to follow understandable instructions and act in stages, without neglecting all the important steps. We will analyze in detail how you can do your own picking of petunias with your own hands. First you need to choose the right container for diving seedlings. Here most often use:
- plastic cassettes;
- plastic cups (preferably 0.5 l);
- containers in which the eggs were stored;
- peat tablets;
- seedling boxes.
Do not forget - holes must be present in containers to drain fluid.
Now let’s take a closer look at the main stages that make up the correct picking of petunias.
- First you need to slightly (moderately) moisten the soil, which is in the box with seedlings.
- Further, in the center of the cup, a small excavation is made in the ground. Some water is poured there. Pre-moistening the soil will allow the sprouts to take root and adapt as quickly as possible.
- Now, from a common drawer, using a small spatula, fork or toothpick, you need to very carefully and carefully get seedlings. In order not to harm the system of plant rhizomes, you need to make small indents from the stems (approximately 0.5-0.75 cm).
- The next step is to easily transfer the sprouts and gently lower them into separate cups. At the same time, you need to act in a hurry so that the soil does not pour in from the roots of young flowers.
- Then carefully sprinkle the seedlings with a small amount of soil, carefully compact and water (it is better to spray from the sprayer).
The modest sized petunias can be lowered a little deeper into the ground. Thus, it will be possible to protect young and small shoots from stretching and the black leg. Carrying out such procedures, it is very important to remember that a young and very fragile seedling can be taken only for a leaf. If it accidentally breaks, the growth point will not suffer from this.
From the foregoing, we can conclude that the picking of petunias is quite simple and quick. The main thing is to keep on hand detailed instructions, if you have not done this before, and act as carefully as possible. But diving flowers is not enough. After this, it is very important to provide them with competent care, without which they simply will not continue to grow and gain strength.
It is very important to pay due attention to lighting that is suitable for young seedlings. It should be borne in mind that petunia is a plant that prefers to "see" the rays of the sun, therefore experienced flower growers recommend placing it on the southern sides of the dwelling. As for the spring gray (cloudy) days - at such a time it is advisable to connect additional illumination with phytolamps. If this is not done, then the bushes can begin to gradually stretch and lose color saturation, that is, noticeably fade.
It is equally important to take care of a temperature comfortable for young petunias. As soon as the first sprouts appear, the air temperature in the room where the flowers are located should be kept at about +25 degrees Celsius. As soon as the transshipment process is completed, it is advisable to lower the temperature step by step to +18 degrees.
You also need to properly water the flowers after a dive. Watering as necessary should be such that the soil does not become too flooded, otherwise the roots will begin to rot and seriously hurt. The soil should be kept at an optimum moisture level. It should not be too dry either - this should be closely monitored if you care about plant health.
Another important nuance is the proper feeding of young petunias who have undergone a dive procedure. Feeding should be done several times a season , according to experienced gardeners. For a flower of the type described, it is advisable to use fertilizers designed specifically for indoor plants. Such compositions are found in any garden stores.
Before using them, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with the instructions for use and only after that proceed with the introduction of top dressing.
Useful tips and tricks
If you originally planted granular seeds or the flower rarely sprouted, then it is permissible to start picking a little later, when 3-4 first true leaf plates appear. Florists are advised to add buckwheat husk or 1 part of millet to the soil. These components will positively affect the air permeability of the soil. After picking and landing it is permissible to water or spray young seedlings of petunias with a special composition - "Epin".
If initially you planted seeds in special peat tablets, then you will not need to pick, to grow good and healthy plants. It is permissible to plant them together with the peat component in a new prepared pot. You also don’t need to turn to preliminary fertilizer seedlings , because these tablets have in their composition all the necessary nutrients in the optimum right proportions.
It is very important to ensure that absolutely all empty points inside the soil are filled.
If the hollow sections are not blocked in the ground, then water will simply accumulate in them. In the end, this will lead to the fact that the roots will inevitably begin to rot. It also happens that under such conditions serious fungal diseases join rhizomes, which can be very difficult to treat.
Do not feed the petunias too hard . If you notice that the flower is developing well, then there is no point in additionally feeding. Many shortcomings can be corrected by adjusting the temperature and light conditions.
On how to properly dive a petunia, see further.