Decorative flowering crops have always enjoyed increased popularity among flower growers. The category of such popular plants should include the royal orchid, which is presented in a wide variety of colors. In addition, the large-flowered variety of phalaenopsis is quite possible to grow at home even with minimal experience in floriculture.
Varieties of orchid crops grow around the globe with the exception of Antarctica, however, not all plants of this genus are capable of repeated and beautiful flowering. The category of flowering crops should include phalaenopsis . It was these plants from their natural habitat that gradually migrated to greenhouses, botanical gardens, and on the windowsills of apartments and houses.
Today it is quite difficult to name the exact number of hybrids growing in the natural environment and indoors. As a rule, they differ in appearance and flowering capabilities. Plants that bloom in large flowers include the Royal Phalaenopsis. Blooming fungi of such an orchid in nature can be found in the tropical forests of China, India and Australia. The climatic conditions of these regions are most suitable for the development and flowering of giant crops.
Plants prefer to grow on the bark of trees, in crevices of stones , and orchids also perfectly develop in forests and near ponds and rivers, where there will be an appropriate level of humidity and good lighting, without direct sunlight. Large orchids are distinguished by an impressive size of the stem, which is the main external sign of this variety of epiphytes.
At home, the dimensions will be slightly smaller.
Today, thanks to the efforts of breeders, many varieties of large royal orchids have been obtained. The following are especially popular.
- Blue Phalaenopsis . The plant stands out for its unusually beautiful color of its flowers. Sky-blue flowers are formed in a cascade culture, the flowering phase is quite long.
- Royal pink phalaenopsis . The hybrid is related to Japanese derivatives. The popularity of the variety is due to the soft pink color of the flowers.
- "Royal Aphrodite . " A transgenic hybrid with blue flowers, which was obtained not so long ago by Asian breeders.
- Royal orchid "Cascade" . The species is notable for the direction of growth of the peduncle on the crop. As a result of increasing its length, you can create whole living arches or rings from blossoming buds.
- "Wanda is three-colored." This culture at home can reach a height of two meters. The plant blooms twice a year, a feature of orchids is the aroma of flowers in the flowering phase.
- "The Wanda is grubby . " Phalaenopsis has a rather large root system with leaves, the length of which can reach 20 centimeters. The color of the flowers is pink, the middle part will be purple, and the side petals are yellow, interspersed with stripes.
Among the species of royal orchids that are in demand for indoor cultivation, it is also worth noting such plants as Giganteya Alba, positioned as the largest orchid in the world, and the interspecific hybrid Ascocenda.
The royal orchid is difficult to adapt to new conditions after transplantation, in light of which it will be more correct to carry out this manipulation with the plant only in extreme cases. This concerns the growth of the root system, when the old pot becomes too small for phalaenopsis. Also, a need for a transplant may occur when a root disease is detected.
There are certain recommendations regarding the selection of a suitable soil for a tropical flower. First of all, it should not impede the flow of air to the root system, as well as delay the moisture coming in during irrigation. The most suitable option would be crushed coniferous bark and sphagnum moss . For productive development , charcoal, expanded clay and sand should be included in a pot with a flowering culture.
In specialized garden departments you can buy a ready-made substrate for phalaenopsis, however, when buying, you should pay attention to its shelf life and storage conditions.
Also among gardeners there is an opinion that the royal orchid in indoor conditions and in the natural environment will not need soil at all. Therefore, you can meet a culture that will grow in a plastic basket or attached to a piece of wood bark. During this development, the plant will receive moisture and substances necessary for life from the air.
If you chose a method of growing a flower in a pot, then the priority will be a clay container or a polymer container . To protect the roots, the flower is additionally placed in a wicker planter or basket.
Phalaenopsis can develop in a glass container, for these purposes they acquire a high glass vase.
Rooting in the ground involves the following algorithm of actions.
- At the bottom of the selected tank, you must first lay the drainage layer. This can be gravel or expanded clay, the layer of which should be about 2-3 centimeters.
- After this, the container is half filled with a substrate. The plant is transplanted into a pot without old soil, so it should be carefully cleaned. During cleaning, the correct solution will be to inspect the root system of the culture and remove the damaged roots if present. Slices without fail are processed by the crushed coal.
- The orchid is placed in a pot , the roots in the central part are sprinkled with large bark, the side ones should be spread and covered with bark and moss of a finer fraction.
After planting, you must refrain from watering the plant for a couple of days.
The key to productive growth and flowering of the royal orchid will be the creation of the right microclimate in the room. The primary task is to ensure optimal air temperature , which should be in the range from +24 to +26 degrees. In the winter months, when phalaenopsis is in a dormant phase, the temperature will need to be lowered by 4-6 degrees.
A tropical flower loves moisture , therefore, in addition to watering, the orchid should be sprayed regularly.
Watering at home can be done in several ways:
- arranging a warm shower for the culture;
- immersing the plant for a while in a pan with water;
- watering the soil with a watering can with a diffusing nose;
- by spraying.
In summer, you can bathe a flower every week . After the shower, you need to leave the orchid for a while in the bathroom to allow all moisture to drain. Leaves should be additionally wiped with rags. You can leave the flower in a pan with water for half an hour. To determine that the plant is sufficiently saturated with moisture, you can color the roots - they will turn green.
From the watering can, the orchid can be watered every other day, using warm water for irrigation. During spraying, avoid getting too much moisture on aerial roots. If the royal orchid is grown in a glass vase, then for watering it will be enough to pour water into the container, leaving it there for a quarter of an hour, then drain.
Lighting for an orchid should be bright, but without direct sunlight . The optimal place for cultivating the tropical culture of the house would be the windowsill on the southwest side. In winter, during a short daylight hours, the plant can be rearranged to the south.
In winter, phalaenopsis may require additional illumination, which can be arranged using a special lamp.
As for flowering, if all the requirements for care are met, the large-flowered crop can bloom up to two times a year without various artificial stimulants. To provoke a culture to bloom, you can resort to the option of creating a stressful situation for an orchid. This is possible if there is a significant difference between the day and night air temperature in the room. As a rule, fluctuations of 10 degrees in a smaller direction will be enough.
At the end of the flowering phase, the orchid must be pruned. To do this, the shoot is shortened in the plant, as a result, only a small stump remains at the base of it. The place of cut after the procedure should be treated with beeswax.
During the period of rest, it is necessary to reduce the number of irrigation and reduce the temperature in the room to + 18- + 20 degrees. In such conditions, the culture will recover faster and will be able to bloom again.
Diseases and Pests
Caring for a royal orchid at home also applies to protection against diseases and pest attacks. A great danger to the tropical flower is spider mites . To destroy the pest, the culture is washed with soapy water. If this method does not bring the desired result, the flower is treated with a fungicide.
Orchids can develop a variety of fungal infections, atrophy of the stem, thermal burns and the formation of spots on the green mass. Most often, such situations arise during errors related to care and the creation of optimal conditions for the development of a flower indoors.
Today, almost all diseases are treatable. For prevention, it is worthwhile to regularly inspect the culture and, if any signs of ailment are detected, adjust the microclimate in the house. As for fungal infections, it will be possible to overcome the disease by disinfecting the plant with fungicides.
The following video will tell you how to transplant a royal orchid.