Household gas appliances are modern, high-quality, sophisticated technical devices that, on the one hand, help us in everyday life, and on the other hand, are dangerous when used for their intended purpose. Gas is a substance without color, odor, or taste, and a person cannot determine its presence with his senses, and he is a dangerous flammable substance, since a large amount of energy is released during its combustion. In this article, we will consider the requirements for installing gas stoves in residential premises.
There are several types of household gas appliances.
- A gas stove is a device that is designed to cook food directly on the stove. Devices include one to four rings. There are cookers with or without an oven.
- Gas water heater - designed to heat water in a residential building. Columns can be automatic (ignite on their own and maintain the set water temperature), semi-automatic (require adjustment depending on the water pressure, and so on), manual (each time you need to manually start the column and monitor its operation).
- Gas boiler - designed to work in the heating system of the room, if the boiler is single-circuit, and for heating and heating running water - if it is double-circuit.
- Gas burners for heating stoves - the name itself speaks of the purpose, that is, for heating a room using brick stoves.
- Gas metering devices - designed to record the amount of fuel pumped through them. For the consumer, this means the amount of substance used.
Basic Installation Requirements
Currently, the requirements for the installation of gas equipment in apartments, cottages, residential private houses in the Russian Federation are not provided for by any regulatory act. When designing the location and installation of such devices, they are guided by the installation and operating instructions that are supplied with the equipment.
At the same time, it should be noted that the norms that can be used when it is necessary to install equipment still exist, but they are not legally established, that is, they are not binding.
Compliance with these requirements is very important primarily because the security of our existence depends on it, and if it is an apartment building, then the people around us. Gas explosions and ignitions are very destructive in nature.
The considered norms can be found in SNiP 2.04.08-87, which was valid until 2002. This act provides that the distance to the boiler when installing a gas stove in residential buildings and apartments should be at least 50 cm. And also the stove should be located next to the boiler, but under no circumstances underneath. And do not put a plate under the column either. At the same time, the arrangement of gas appliances between themselves should not be at a great distance from the hood, which must be mandatory and fulfill its functions (be cleaned).
The hood ensures the removal of combustion products, mainly the formation of carbon monoxide, which is not perceived by humans and is fatal even in small concentrations. Accordingly, the room, in addition to the hood, should have tearing windows for ventilation.
The stove and other gas consumers should be located after the gas meter, which is installed both inside and outside the room.
The location of other devices is not regulated to the pipe that delivers gas to the room. And there is also no regulation for installing electrical outlets in the kitchen with a stove. However, hanging sockets or other objects directly above the device is not recommended categorically, since when using the device a large amount of heat is generated, and objects located above it can melt, catch fire, or simply become unusable due to exposure to high temperature.
The only thing that can be placed above the stove is the receiving device of the electric hood, which is designed to work in high temperatures.
It is not difficult to connect gas appliances and, in particular, the stove yourself, if the conditions of the operating instructions are observed. However, before installation it is important to contact professionals to develop a project, if it is not there, and then turn to them for work, since errors in the installation and commissioning of this kind of equipment are very expensive for consumers.
In conclusion, I would like to note that gas appliances are very complex equipment, the improper use of which can lead to tragedy, which is confirmed by the numerous bombings of apartment buildings in Russia and in the world, which take the lives of innocent people. I made a mistake, but many suffer. Remember - gas is not safe!
See how to install and connect a gas stove in the next video.