Land cultivation, even in private farms, is becoming increasingly mechanized. However, in order to rationally use the means of small-scale mechanization, one must choose them correctly. In this case, both technical parameters and the specifics of each specific modification should be taken into account.
Advantages and disadvantages
There is no doubt that a personal garden, a vegetable garden should be well cultivated. Only in this case the pride of the owners is justified. But in order not to make a mistake, you should correctly select the same mini-tractor for the household. And even earlier - to determine whether this particular type of equipment is needed or if something else is required when working. A similar device has approximately the same functions as a conventional tractor. But at the same time, its performance is slightly less, since the dimensions, weight, and motor power are reduced.
Using a mini-tractor for the garden is hardly practical. It is justified only in areas of at least 10 ha. On a smaller territory, including for giving, it is advisable to use walk-behind tractors.
With the help of a mini-tractor it is quite possible:
- fertilize the earth;
- provide aeration of the root system;
- harrow soil;
- remove trash;
- clean out the snow.
Compared to a simpler type of equipment (riders), a mini-tractor is much more attractive for a rural enterprise. At least in view of the greater functionality and increased performance. Disadvantages can be related mainly to specific models and conditions of use. Designs of mini-tractors produced by leading manufacturers are very well developed. They allow you to successfully solve a considerable part of the tasks that farmers face every day, significantly saving time and effort.
Types and their characteristics
The main division of mini-tractors is associated with the power of the power plant. The lightest devices are equipped with engines developing a force of not more than 5 kW. With the help of such machines it is easy to cultivate land up to 2 ha. Under this condition, a light mini-tractor will be technically rational and economically viable. It is used to:
- water the earth;
- remove snow;
- mow lawns and field grass;
- to carry out some other types of field work in a small amount.
The middle group of mini-tractors combines all those models that have a motor with power from 6 to 15 kW. The purpose of using such devices is the processing of relatively large (3-5 ha) land plots. By purchasing them, you can significantly facilitate the implementation of agricultural work.
Heavy models are characterized by very powerful engines. So powerful that they without problems develop a power of up to 40 kW, and sometimes more. Despite the moderately large size, such mini-tractors are not inferior to the main part of the "full" machines. Due to the significant energy reserve, the heavy mini-tractor copes with the processing of large fields. In terms of functionality, it will not yield to the vast majority of special equipment models.
The mini-tractor can be equipped with a two-stroke or four-stroke engine (depending on the priorities of the developers). Two-stroke models are simpler and more compact. However, they cannot provide the same high productivity as their four-stroke counterparts. The aforementioned riders are also a subspecies of mini-tractors (or rather, their light group). Lack of efficiency in work is largely justified by increased maneuverability.
At a miniature garden "plowman" the motor unit is placed in front of the driver (while for riders - behind). This solution lowers stability on a steep slope. The ability to perform sharp maneuvers in a small area is also reduced. But at the same time, the number of compatible hinged equipment increases, the bar of its power rises. Miniature tractors of the so-called general purpose combine excellent maneuverability and suitability for a wide range of field and homework.
In view of the frame, this technique is divided into two groups. If the whole frame is used, it will be possible to transport goods without problems. The production of laborious manipulations is still significantly facilitated. A broken frame will not allow to develop the same performance. However, the machines where it is installed are noticeably more attractive for large enterprises, since they can work with a much wider range of mounted systems.
Rating of the best manufacturers
Such a wide variety of types of mini tractors means that they are represented by a large number of specialized models. However, to choose among these modifications the most suitable is quite simple. It is only necessary to focus on sensible, authoritative ratings. And they almost always have the "Caliber" MT-244 . This mini-tractor is produced by a Russian company, which began its work with the production of household gasoline and electric tools.
MT-244 is deservedly in demand in Russian agriculture. They note that it is easy to manage and at the same time is quite functional. Such a product shows that the machines manufactured in our country are quite competitive against the background of foreign samples. With the help of MT-244, various livestock and plant growing works can be successfully performed. It is also used by builders, utilities, the machine equally well overcomes any type of soil.
On the mini-tractor of this model can be mounted:
- plows with 1-3 cases;
- spraying devices;
- hilling machines and many other additions.
A MT-244 is equipped with a diesel in-line engine with a pair of working cylinders, the capacity of one cylinder is 1549 cubic meters. see Liquid-cooled engine. The air for mixing with fuel is cleaned in an inertia-oil filter. A mechanical transmission is placed on the mini-tractor, and the differential is also blocked mechanically. With a dry weight of 1180 kg, the MT-244 can reach speeds of up to 29.7 km forwards, up to 12 km ago, spending 60 minutes from 2.9 to 4.2 liters.
It is logical to compare this Russian product with leading samples of Chinese products. Such as a mini-tractor brand "Bison" . Consumers have long noted the high quality of such equipment, which is achieved even despite the affordable price. The manufacturer, cherishing the reputation, constantly monitors the characteristics of his goods in the most meticulous way. The Bison line has relatively small tractors with increased maneuverability.
But there is also a 240D model , the engine power of which reaches 24 liters. with. This modification is equipped with a water cooling system. And therefore, even in the hottest days, the motor will work properly. The device perfectly shows itself in the processing of virgin lands, and in the movement of various cargoes. The highest speed in forward gear is 32 km / h, when the 240D goes back, it will be able to accelerate to 13 km / h.
Of the mini-tractors, the Bison 244 is noteworthy. The engine power of this device is also equal to 24 liters. with. Thanks to a well-thought-out electric starter, starting is easy. And the total load capacity reaches 2000 kg. Therefore, you can safely recommend a similar model even to serious farms.
If neither Chinese nor Italian mini-tractors inspire consumer enthusiasm, it is worth taking a closer look at the ShUS-001 Fedor model. The dry weight of the unit is 620 kg. It is assembled in Russia, however, equipped with a first-class Lifan engine. A four-stroke engine that consumes gasoline can produce up to 13 liters of power. with. There are 2 forward and 1 rear speeds. Additional equipment is not included in the shipment set, which allows you to freely choose it.
The wheel formula of Fedor is 3x3 . Its manufacturers were able to make a self-propelled chassis of universal design with a body of the "dump truck" type. Chassis and chassis are made in Perm. The manufacturer declares that the purchase of spare parts is possible in any region of Russia. The SHUS-001 mini-tractor works stably even in enclosed spaces; an autonomous light source allows you to operate at any time of the day, regardless of the weather.
Important! You can buy Fedor without paying a recycling fee. And the design of the mechanism is such that you can fix any part in a matter of minutes.
As an alternative, you can consider the Belarusian mini-tractor AMZHK-8 . It was made at a factory in Gomel. Designers created such a model based on use in private and small farms.
The device is able to perform almost any work. He even largely pushed the motor blocks of the same company from the market. AMZHK-8 can simultaneously use several types of mounted and attached equipment at once. But we must remember that you will not find such a model in stores. Due to problems with components and the difficult economic situation in Belarus, the assembly of AMZHK-8 was suspended in the late 1990s. However, until now it can be found in a variety of areas, and even buy with it.
Of the more modern analogues, it is worth mentioning "Batyr" . Such a mini-tractor is made at the Izhevsk car repair plant. The initial configuration of the device with a capacity of 15 liters. with. includes front loader. The manufacturer claims that his product is relatively compact and unpretentious.
The main areas of application of Batyr are:
- moving domestic and agricultural goods;
- mowing grass;
- plowing of light earth;
- cultivation of gardens and household plots;
- processing of potato and beetroot plantings.
A miniature Izhevsk tractor is equipped with a diesel engine with a single cylinder. The transmission of force to the working elements is due to the technical belt. The rear-wheel drive unit with a 4x2 formula has a dry weight (excluding attachments) of 500 kg. In this case, "Batyr" is able to move up to 200 kg of cargo. The strip of land captured during processing is 1.2 m.
American John Deere mini-tractors are ready to successfully compete not only with any of the listed machines, but also with the products of Korean, German competitors. Agricultural machinery of this brand is very powerful. At the same time, engineers were able to create very compact products. Say, the X 700 model, although it produces an effort of up to 23 liters. s., looks neat. It can be safely applied in the widest range of field work.
The two-cylinder mini-tractor is equipped with a 22.6 liter fuel tank. A headlight is also provided. Motor cooling is provided by a fluid system. The X700 U-turn requires a platform with a radius of only 0.72 m. The mini-tractor is compatible with vacuum grass pickers, snow blowers, rotor brushes and other auxiliary components.
The small Branson 2500h tractor shows everything the South Korean engineering school is capable of. This unit is perfect for small gardens and farmers. Positive features of the device are high maneuverability and excellent cross-country ability. The 2500th model is capable of transporting up to 2000 kg of cargo. Allowed to operate the mini-tractor, even off-road.
It is easy for non-professionals to master this technique. The motor is made directly in the USA. Its design provides powerful torque even at low speeds. You can change the stroke from front to rear without stopping.
A good alternative to the "American" can be the "Rustrak" R-12 . This model develops, as its name implies, 12 liters. with. In addition to rear-view mirrors and the ability to lock the differential, it is notable for its easy-to-operate reliable steering wheel. The design is well-developed and has been used for a long time. The mini tractor has a water radiator. The capacity of the tank for diesel fuel is 5.5 liters, and the launch is carried out by both electric and manual starters.
Another good unit is DTZ. It is made in the Dnieper, and the company actively cooperates with leading Chinese companies. Already established models from the banks of the Yangtze are taken as the basis. For ordinary gardens, the “240” model is recommended. But the unit "804" almost always satisfies professionals.
The undoubted advantage of DTZ products is cost. It makes this brand accessible even to complex agricultural enterprises that have to count every coin. But the problem is that it is not yet clear how Dnepropetrovsk miniature tractors will behave over time. Their operating experience has not yet been accumulated. The reviews mention only the comfort of newly acquired devices.
Fans of this Japanese quality, it is useful to pay attention to the products of the concern Honda . Model "13" has a steering wheel with hydraulic power. A diesel engine connected to a power removal shaft provides 9 forward and 2 reverse speeds. The dry weight of the tractor is 550 kg. Among the Chinese innovations, any of the small Foton tractors is not inferior in quality to this model.
Despite the relatively short period of presence on the Russian market, they have already managed to perfectly prove themselves. What is important, in our country it is not difficult to find the required spare parts. Modification TE-200 has a 4x2 wheel arrangement. In ready-to-use form, the unit weighs 1280 kg. The designers provided for hydraulic power steering and a three-point hinged system.
To turn this tractor you need a platform with a radius of 3 m. It is equipped with mechanical drum brakes. A clearance of 0.335 m is enough to solve most practical problems. The power of the unit is 18.8 liters. with. The tank holds 16 liters of fuel.
Another new product is the Catmann brand. The positive aspects of its mini tractors are:
- component strength;
- excellent build quality;
- high performance.
In the reviews, the effectiveness of the application is noted by both farmers, and builders, and even communal services. Each model is equipped with power removal shafts. Fuel costs are relatively small. At the same time, large wheels allow Catmann equipment to operate successfully even on damp ground under a slope. However, no version is equipped with a cabin.
Domestic miniature tractors "Toptyga" are also very widely used. There are reports that they won in a number of industry competitions. However, the lack of official information about the manufacturer, the lack of its website on the Internet make us take this technique with caution.
Instead, it’s useful to take a closer look at the Wild Boar 120 model. This miniature tractor has a capacity of 12 liters. with. The engine has a single cylinder, into which fuel enters by direct injection. The rear differential cannot be locked. The motor is started using an electric starter. Liquid cooling is provided. The transmission of force occurs using a V-belt mechanism.
An attractive solution may be the domestic Ussuriets . This Far Eastern brand of mini-tractors came into circulation only from the end of 2018. The least powerful option is the TS 18DB. A similar unit still develops a force of 24 liters. With., energy can be transmitted through the rear power removal shaft. The most powerful version of the SWT 854 is more likely a transition from mini-tractors to tractors.
Any of the described versions will be much more pleasant and more efficient with attachments.
Choosing it, look at:
- load tolerance by weight;
- compliance with the generated amount of energy;
- types of fastening.
Large plows (from 1.5 m), for example, are very productive. But the cars are weaker than 24 liters. with. they are not extended. As a result, the quality of plowing will deteriorate. When selecting a harrow pay attention to the strength of the structure. Regardless of the type of machine, ease of maintenance or replacement is important.
In addition to the listed options, are used:
Multifunctional, it is a universal mini-tractor is appropriate in large and small farms. This system allows you to do without buying many additional cars. All-wheel drive vehicles should be chosen if high maneuverability is especially important. Low-power aggregates are also suitable for processing the garden, but they certainly can not cope with large fields.
Diesel products are more economical than gasoline and are more functional.
How to use?
Keep the mini tractor under a canopy. But if you plan to use it in the winter, you will have to build a garage. Before starting work, be sure to read the instructions. Categorically not:
- use unsuitable fuel;
- add water to the tank;
- to allow flooding of the tractor;
- climb and descend on steeper slopes than established by the manufacturer;
- drive with overload;
- use a mini tractor to transport people;
- arbitrarily change the design;
- use the device for purposes for which it is not designed structurally.
Browse mini tractors in the next video.