Magnolia-peperomy is a rather unpretentious variety of indoor plants. Florists fell in love with her, first of all, for her decorative appearance, namely for unusual leaves. Such a plant is able to decorate any house or apartment. We will talk about the features of cultivation and care in the article.
Magnoliacellular peperomy belongs to the family of peppers. Its homeland is the tropical forests of South America, most of it grows in Brazil.
The plant is considered a perennial. Its height reaches 25-30 meters. The stems are very large, fleshy, covered with many short-leaved leaves. They, in turn, have a circular oval shape.
The leaf plate is smooth, a slight gloss is noticeable. The diameter of the leaves is about 5 cm. They are painted green, the hue changes from monochrome light to dark.
By the way, some varieties of peperomia have a striped or spotty coating on the leaves.
Magnolia leafy peperomia has a “cousin” - variegate peperomia. She does not bloom. In the magnolian leaf, the flowering period nevertheless sets in, however, the inflorescences do not differ in an unusual shape, rather, they resemble spikelets of plantain.
Magnolia leaf - a symbolic flower. Experts advise to pay attention to the green bush to conflicting personalities, in whose character rebellion predominates. The plant creates a favorable atmosphere, smoothing out irregularities in human relations and creating home comfort.
In addition, peperomia is very useful for air in a residential building - it has the ability to clean, moisturize, destroy microbes and bacteria.
This is especially true for allergy sufferers.
How to care
This variety of peperomia is unpretentious. Growing at home requires following a few simple rules that will help keep the flower in good condition.
Experienced flower growers advise you to carefully examine its roots after buying a young seedling. Having planted a plant in a pot, it is recommended to monitor its condition. So, if the roots are not visible from under the drainage coating - further transplantation into another tank is not required.
In general, peperomia prefers a constant place of growth. Frequent transplants painfully affect the state of its root system.
Florists do not recommend placing pots on a strongly lit window sill - leaves are lightened from constant direct sunlight. Therefore, the ideal condition for keeping the flower is diffused light.
In addition, peperomy demonstrates good results when exposed to artificial lighting, such as phytolamps, as well as ordinary indoor lighting.
This feature allows you not to put pots at the window at all.
Magnolia-peperomy is a thermophilic plant. The optimum temperature regime of its content is 20–25 degrees. Drafts and sudden changes painfully affect the general condition, sometimes leading to disease. It is important to maintain warmth throughout the year, since this variety is not at rest.
For the same reason, it is not recommended to grow peperomia on the north side - a lack of light will lead to a loss of the decorative appearance of young shoots, they will become elongated and completely unattractive.
Magnolia-like peperomia is able to tolerate short-term overdrying of the soil, but excess moisture will not benefit the plant. The reason is that powerful stems and leaves have the ability to accumulate water, so that if necessary, spend it.
Waterlogging of the earth is especially dangerous at low air temperatures - the root system is susceptible to decay.
So, moderate watering should be carried out in the summer, closer to winter - a little less.
It is better to use warm water.
To dry a tropical flower is very easy, especially with the beginning of the heating season. In the cold months, it is recommended to carry out regular spraying with water - this is the most effective protection against drying out the roots, foliage. The rest of the time, such manipulations are not required. Experienced flower growers advise to put the pot on a pallet with expanded clay layer during the heating season. It, in turn, needs to be constantly moistened. Do not allow the bottom of the tank to come in contact with water - this way you will not protect the roots from overmoistening.
A flower planted in fresh soil does not require too frequent top dressing. To saturate with useful elements, the plant is fertilized once every three weeks. In this case, it is recommended to make half the dose of fertilizers.
Peperomia needs additional nutrition only during the growing season; in winter, fertilizer application is completely stopped.
To grow a beautiful lush bush at home is quite simple - the main thing is to pinch the stems sometimes. And yet this leads to the formation of side shoots that affect the decorative appearance of the flower.
In addition, do not forget about the tops: as soon as the lower leaves have been dropped, you need to shorten the upper part of the shoots.
Transplantation and reproduction
For planting, shallow containers with a drainage layer at the bottom are used - this has a beneficial effect on strengthening small, weak roots.
According to the rules, young peperomia undergoes a transplant every year, however, dishes are chosen 4 cm more than the previous one. Transplantations of an adult flower (upon reaching 3 years) are reduced - the procedure is performed every two years. As for the old specimens, they are transplanted in rare cases: if, for example, the roots appeared from the drainage holes.
For the full growth of peperomia, high-quality soil is needed: it must be loose, with a high level of fertility. Too heavy soil threatens to rot the root system.
You can increase the supply of useful trace elements by adding mineral components. Experienced flower growers prepare their own planting mixture: from sand, leafy soil, humus, peat.
Decorative peperomia reproduces in three ways.
- Division . It is made during transplantation. The bush should be divided into parts, thoroughly untangle the roots. Each part can be disinfected with charcoal powder, after which it is allowed to plant in a separate pot. Watering in the first week is not needed.
- Cuttings . Billets are used - cut parts from the upper shoots with a pair of nodules. The planting mixture - sand + turf - must be constantly moistened. The stalk is placed in a shallow (4 cm) hole, covered with a film to create the necessary greenhouse effect. Healthy atmosphere - at +25 degrees, low temperatures lead to decay.
- The seeds . Planting material is sown in a flat dish with prepared soil (sand + earth). Then you need to moisten, cover with glass (the heat necessary for seed germination is created). It is also important to take care of the lighting. After the first leaves appear, young plants can be planted in separate pots.
Diseases and Pests
In addition to standard care procedures, a houseplant needs prevention against diseases and harmful insects. Most of them, by the way, appear as a result of improper content.
Possible foliage problems:
- darken (the reason is a sharp drop in temperature);
- rapidly fall off (lack of moisture, often due to the content of the pot near the included battery);
- become sluggish (the process of rotting of the roots or the development of a fungus as a result of frequent watering);
- shriveled (direct sunlight).
We must not forget about pests that spoil the appearance, and sometimes the health of room peperomia. So, too dry air provokes the multiplication of two insects - thrips and spider mites.
- Tick White plaque appears on the leaves. Special drugs - insecticides help fight the pest. Before use, the affected areas are washed with warm water.
- Thrips . Rapidly multiply, laying larvae under the leaves. Individuals feed on flower nectar, drying the leaves. Dehydration of the plant threatens with its death. Therefore, it is recommended to regularly inspect the bush. Wash infected areas with soapy water, then spray with a special antidote.
- Mealybug. The case is less common. Small white insects spread rapidly throughout the bush. An alcohol solution is used to combat.
Peperomia magnolia - very beautiful indoor flower. The conditions of the plant in the apartment are quite simple. Complete care is watering, temperature, humidity and lighting.
Despite the unpretentious and stable nature of the variety, flower growers recommend stocking up drugs for pest control.
The lush green bush on the windowsill is an eternal decoration. A few simple rules for growing and caring will help you achieve a beautiful, healthy state, and the flower, in turn, will thank you with a favorable atmosphere in the house.
On how to care for peperomia at home, see the next video