Nowadays, it is not difficult to become the owner of a beautiful garden. A wide variety of flowering plants allows you to easily arrange the flowerbed in accordance with their own preferences. A frequent resident of cottages and gardens is the royal hazel grouse, which not only has an attractive appearance, but also does not create problems when planting and leaving.
Grouse imperial or royal is a beautiful, majestic representative of the flora, which involuntarily attracts the attention of others. The second name of the culture is the Tsar’s Crown, it has the appearance of a small tree, similar to a palm tree, with beautiful flowers and scales. The bulbous plant belongs to the lily family. Its flowers resemble bells.
The stem of Fritillaria imperialis in height is able to reach 150 centimeters. The buds are colored in a red, yellow or orange palette. During the flowering phase, a long peduncle with 5-7 flowers is formed. The foliage of the Tsar’s crown is large, broadly lanceolate, reaching a length of 20 cm. The lower row of leaves has larger sizes, in contrast to the upper.
The bulbs of this plant have a spherical shape and the smell of garlic. After the petals fall, instead of flowers, you can see the boxes with seeds.
Under natural conditions, this culture grows in Afghanistan, Iran, in the east of the Himalayan mountains.
The work of breeders has contributed to the fact that at present, gardeners can plant various varieties of royal grouse on their plots.
An unusual plant that can become an ornament of any flower garden . The flowers of the culture consist of golden, golden-orange petals. The inflorescence of the plant looks like a chandelier. An undemanding representative of the flora is decorated with lush green foliage.
Grouse imperial varieties "Rubra" can be recognized by dark brown and burgundy colors. This is a mid-height crop up to half a meter high.
Rubra Maxima can be attributed to tall, which in favorable conditions for it grows to 2 meters.
Lutea has large yellow flowers with a diameter of 6 centimeters. In inflorescence usually is from 5 to 8 flowers. In height, the culture reaches 100 centimeters. The Lutea variety blooms in mid-May.
This hazel grouse looks great next to tulips.
Imperial hazel grouse variety “Beauty Beauty” blooms in April, it is considered the earliest of its relatives . The flower petals of the culture are yellow-canary in color. They are characterized by the presence of dark shading on the inner and outer surfaces of the bud. The height of the garden representative of the flora does not exceed 1 meter.
This tall variety of royal grouse can reach a height of 150 centimeters. Among all species of the royal crown, this one is more enduring than the rest. In the peduncle of the culture is 7 flowers with a creamy white color. Grouse blooms for 14 days.
It withstands short-term frosts, so it lands in early spring.
If you want to acquire a bright and beautiful representative of the flora on your site, it is worthwhile to choose high-quality planting material of the royal grouse in advance.
Provided that the seedlings are purchased in a store, they are stored in a dry, well-ventilated area before being planted in open ground. Usually landing is carried out in the fall, September is considered the best time. If the planting dates need to be postponed, then the bulbs are determined in moist soil and placed in the refrigerator.
However, gardeners should remember that the postponed planting dates can cause a lack of flowering.
Choosing a place and bulbs
When choosing planting material, the following points should be considered:
- a bulb in diameter should be no less than 4 centimeters, and weigh from 500 to 1000 grams;
- the shape of the material for planting according to the rules should be in the form of a flattened ball;
- on the shell of the bulb should not be visible damage, traces of mold, cracks;
- the presence of dry roots or stems is acceptable.
In addition to knowledge of the right choice of planting material, the florist should be aware of the depth at which to plant, at what distance and how to transplant the bulbs of the Tsar’s crown. Among other things, the choice of a place for planting plays an important role in the normal growth and development of culture.
The best for the royal hazel grouse is a site well lit by the sun. However, it is worth remembering that in the evening the rays of the sun should not fall on the culture, since at this time of day it is sensitive to burns.
Near the plantations, it is recommended to make supports that serve as protection from the wind.
Proper planting tips will help gardeners:
- planting bulbs on a flower bed, while mulching the soil is only in the autumn, before frosts come;
- with planting material it is worth being careful, since during planting it can be easily damaged;
- the depth of the hole for planting the Tsar’s crown should be 12 centimeters, but if the variety is undersized, then 8 centimeters will be enough;
- planting the crop is in a light, nutritious soil with a mixture of peat.
Stages of landing royal grouse:
- treatment of planting material with strong potassium permanganate or fungicides;
- preparation of holes for future planting;
- laying out the drainage bottom layer;
- making a teaspoon of fertilizer;
- placement of planting material in the pit with the root system down, falling asleep with soil;
- watering and mulching.
Royal grouse is classified as unpretentious vegetation, but if you do not care for them, then you can not wait for the appearance of flowers.
The royal crown does not like excessively moist soil. This is due to the rapid process of rotting bulbs of culture. Irrigating a royal hazel grouse should be carried out infrequently, usually only on dry and hot days. This representative of the flora easily experiences drought and lack of rainfall.
In the summer, when there is no rain, and the high air temperature lasts a long time, watering can be done once every 7 days, while one culture is enough 3 liters of liquid.
The first fertilizer application should be done in the fall, before the bulbs are planted in the ground. It is worth adding to the earth a rotted humus, namely: ½ part of a bucket of organic matter that has been quail . In the spring season, before the plants begin to bloom, they are fed ammonium nitrate. To replenish the soil under one crop, it is worth diluting from 5 to 10 grams of nitrogen substance in 3 liters of water.
During flowering, the royal crown should be fed properly. To do this, it should be fertilized with superphosphates or nitrate based on potassium. Alternatively, you can use ready-made fertilizer, in which there is all the necessary complex of minerals.
According to experts, in the spring, near the trunk circle of the imperial grouse, it is worth making a layer of mulch. Mulching prevents the spread of weeds. Before wintering, the bulbs located in the ground must be covered with dry leaves or a layer of sand, peat. The best option for shelter are spruce spruce branches, reeds and straw.
Some gardeners grow hazel grouse in one area for 3 years. However, the opinion of some gardeners that they need to dig out planting material every year for processing is correct. This is due to the fact that in the summer after flowering there is a high risk of infection with a fungal infection, which leads to rotting of the bulbs.
Digging should be done after the leaves and stem of the Tsar’s crown have dried. Planting material should be thoroughly dried, as well as eliminate films and residues of the substrate on it. Damaged parts of the bulbs are cut and processed with the help of “Fundazol”, wood ash.
Before storing planting stock in the winter, it should be soaked in Maxima or potassium permanganate working solution. The next step is to re-dry the bulbs and send them for storage in the sand.
Grouse planting material should be stored until March or August if autumn planting is necessary. The insulation layer is removed at the end of February to avoid rotting.
To propagate the Tsar’s crown at home, in order to grow an attractive garden plant from it, you can use seeds and bulbs.
To engage in the cultivation of royal grouse on your site, you should buy ready-made seeds for a start or prepare them yourself. The landing procedure consists of the following steps:
- after self-collection of seeds from dried boxes, they are sown in open ground to a depth of 1 centimeter;
- plantings should be sprinkled with peat 2 centimeters thick.
By next year, the grower should expect emergence. The royal crown, which is grown from seeds, blooms by 3-4 years of life. Unfortunately, not all hazel grouse survive, some of them rot.
After the end of the flowering phase, the grower has the opportunity to propagate the royal hazel grouse with bulbs. At this time, the culture already has a maternal bulb with several children. Planting material is carefully excavated from the soil, cleaned and dried. After 2 weeks, the babies should be separated from the mother's bulb, and the slices should be processed with potassium permanganate.
For several years, the bulbs are worth growing. The first years they will not be able to bloom, as they will increase the mass. The mother's bulb can also be divided into 2 halves, after which each planted in a separate hole. Such planting material can bloom by next spring. Throughout the summer, the bulbs are dried, and at the end of August they dig into the soil to a depth of 30 centimeters.
Diseases and Pests
According to the reviews of experienced gardeners, the Tsar’s crown is resistant to pest attacks. However, there are parasite insects that the plant can not cope with.
- Lily cracker. The pest looks like a small bug with a red torso and a black head. Crackers cause great damage to the plant. To rid the imperial hazel grouse of this parasite, the flowers are thoroughly washed with soapy water or chemicals. Fitoferm, as well as Bitoxibacillin, which should spray the culture twice a day every 3 weeks, showed good efficacy in controlling insects.
- Bear, root tick. These insects gnaw the bulbs of the plant, after which they do not grow. To help the Tsar’s crown, Fundazol and Karbofos should be applied to its affected areas.
A common ailment of hazel grouse can be called rust, which attacks the foliage of the plant by the appearance of spots on their outer side. The affected foliage of the flower should be removed, then sprayed with fungicides.
As the experience of flower growers showed, the royal hazel grouse is infrequent. To prevent all kinds of ailments of the culture, it is worth caring for it correctly, not making frequent and plentiful watering, and also properly fertilizing it.
Use in landscape design
Royal hazel grouses look beautiful in the design of the territory. Low-growing varieties are a good option for an alpine slide and rockery. Tall Tsar’s crowns create a unique effect in the vicinity of other flowers of the rockery, as well as in the combination of various bulbous plants. This crop can be planted in small groups in a container or on the lawn.
Any landscape design in which there are hazel grouse will look bright and interesting. With them you can combine perennial vegetation, as well as tulips and daffodils. Imperial hazel grouse is a powerful culture, so it can be used for park design. The royal crown will be appropriate in the country, if there is enough space for its landing.
The royal hazel grouse is a garden prince characterized by the grace and extraordinary beauty of the flowers. Without this representative of the flora, it is difficult to imagine interesting rock gardens, solitaire landings, mixborders. Wherever this garden flower is planted, it is sure to decorate the territory with its presence, especially if it is grown with love.
See more about growing imperial hazel grouse in the next video.