A cozy and beautiful home is the dream of every person who loves to spend his time with his family. To achieve this, stylish furniture elements, lighting, and various decoration materials help. Knowing the features of the choice of paper wallpaper will allow you to quickly and efficiently complement your interior with interesting wall decor.
What it is?
Paper trellis is a relatively budget finishing material for home decoration. The name here speaks for itself and implies the presence of paper in the composition in one form or another.
A few years ago, wallpaper made of paper lost a significant share of the consumer market, since many people used to think of this finishing material as an impractical and one-time subspecies since Soviet times. Manufacturers were able to respond in time to such "bells and whistles" and actively engaged in the creation and development of numerous varieties with an emphasis on practicality, aesthetics or even softness.
Paper wallpapers, depending on the number of layers, are divided into such types as:
The paper base of some types of wallpaper is subjected to careful processing by manufacturers of water-repellent and fixing means. A vivid example of this is wall murals, as well as washable wallpapers. The result is a surface that is not afraid of dirt and water, and can also be used for interior doors, for example, in a bathroom. A popular view here is vinyl wallpaper on a paper backing. They can be foamed and embossed.
It is worth noting that the mural wallpaper in the room can have a non-woven base and be supplemented by an upper paper layer. This option also has its advantages, due to the properties of the selected raw materials.
As mentioned earlier, the main material for wallpaper is paper. Moreover, it can have two or one layer.
Single-layer trellises have one layer of paper, which serves as a substrate and the front side with a pattern. There is a two-layer simplex on the market of modern coatings, however, this does not solve the problem of the excessive thinness of such a variety.
Advantages of a simplex:
- high breathability;
- environmental friendliness;
- the most affordable cost among finishing coatings;
- wide color gamut.
However, often all the advantages overlap with significant disadvantages that prevent them from pasting in stylish and modern interiors.
Cons of a simplex:
- for gluing you need a perfectly flat wall surface;
- minimum thickness;
- possible distortion of the picture during pasting;
- the impossibility of wet cleaning;
- rapid loss of aesthetic appearance and dullness.
All the shortcomings of the simplex were carefully studied by the manufacturers, which allowed us to create an improved version called "duplex". Its main difference can be considered the presence of two sheets, on one of which the image is printed, and the other serves as a substrate, tightly glued to the picture. I must say that this method greatly helps in the problem of preventing image distortion when gluing tapestries on the walls. In addition, two-layer varieties can be produced with various smooth or embossed structures.
Based on the duplex, the type of paper wallpaper for painting, which is in demand today, was created, which in turn also has its own varieties:
- with the addition of coarse fiber;
Each of the species has some innovations in its composition. Thus, in the development of structural trellises, binder polymers are used, which allow creating a unique embossing with a combination of a smooth and embossed surface.
An interesting and original look can be considered a rough-fibrous version. It is based on two layers of paper, between which there is a wood chip of various diameters. By pressing, the chips protrude on the front surface of the paper, creating an unusual texture.
Washable wallpapers complement with acrylic spraying and water-repellent compounds, which makes the model relatively resistant to mechanical damage. However, of course, even several layers of paper are afraid of scratches, and therefore, other raw materials are often found in the composition.
Vinyl wallpaper is a paper substrate coated with polyvinyl chloride, which allows you to apply any convex pattern to the surface or, on the contrary, add smoothness.
Non-woven backing is another successful combination with paper. Non-woven fabric is a complex of non-woven materials characterized by their density, resistance to mechanical damage and environmental friendliness.
As a facial material on a paper basis, not very popular, but very aesthetic materials are used:
Textile wallpapers have a presentable appearance with a hint of luxury. Indeed, they are often used in classical interiors, complemented by monograms. Among the advantages include:
- high level of thermal insulation;
- sound insulation;
- high wear resistance;
- a wide range of materials from plain linen to textured velor.
Nevertheless, textile wallpapers didn’t bypass the shortcomings either, because the dust accumulation in them is great, and wet cleaning is an inaccessible procedure.
A fairly new trend in the field of wall coverings can be considered cork trellis on a paper basis. The veneers of natural wood species are applied to paper here, making the wallpaper not only environmentally friendly and hypoallergenic, but also very warm and protective from noise. The cost of trellis is high, which is a significant drawback for some.
Another new and not yet very popular look is metal wallpaper. The paper base here is covered with a thin layer of silver, golden or bronze foil, subsequently undergoing the embossing procedure. The final result is striking in its sophistication and complexity of the midtones. Among the disadvantages, the high cost of the material again stands out, complemented by the ease of mechanical damage.
As you could see, modern paper wallpapers are the antithesis of boredom. A variety of raw material tandems breathed new life into the paper, and therefore, a closer look at them will not be superfluous to every person who has started a change of interior.
Wallpaper roll sizes are important when choosing. Firstly, the ease of gluing depends on this, and secondly, knowledge of the size of the roll allows you to accurately calculate the required number of rolls for the room.
I must say that professional masters taping tapestries with confidence say that wide meter rolls are easier to glue and easier, and the result is more accurate. The inhabitants, on the contrary, consider the small width of half a meter convenient for an independent procedure for transforming the interior. The question of taste has not been canceled here.
Duplex and simplex paper wallpapers are available in a width of 53 cm in most cases. Vinyl and non-woven models are most often offered by manufacturers in sizes of 106 cm. Italian and other foreign trellises of the highest quality are mainly produced in widths of 70 cm.
The length of the rolls of domestic manufacturers, as a rule, is 10 meters. Sometimes there are rolls with maximum lengths of 15 and 25 units.
Choice of color and coloring
If the types of trellis in the criteria for materials and sizes can be classified into a small number of groups, then the types of color palettes are unlimited. So, today complex blue and green tones are popular, as well as a lilac color in all its manifestations. Designers strongly recommend not to be afraid of dark tones and a variety of prints, because when combining wallpapers they will not be able to weight or reduce the space. It is worth noting that monophonic tapestries of multifaceted tones look luxurious and statically, overshadowing any prints.
The colors and prints in recent seasons have become bolder. Large-scale images of flowers, abstractions and familiar objects are bright and multicolored today. Even the classics today can have several tones. So, brown wallpaper and yellow golden monograms on them represent an interesting and restrained tandem.
How to calculate?
Today, there are special online calculators for calculating the number of rolls, taking into account all the characteristics. However, if you want and an accurate understanding of the issue, you can do without them.
- measurements of the perimeter of the room, including niches;
- measuring the height of the pasted area (to the plinth);
- awareness of the exact size of the selected wallpaper;
- adding an allowance to each sheet of at least 50 mm;
- the study of the height of the picture or report, as well as the distance of its vertical displacement.
The report and its features are worth a stop. Given a picture that does not require matching, for example, vertical stripes, one does not need to think about the height of the picture and the image itself. The number of rolls here is selected strictly depending on the perimeter and height with the addition of allowance.
In the case when there is a picture and it needs to be docked, it is worthwhile to be prepared that you will have to cut 30, and sometimes 50 cm from the initial length of the roll. As a rule, the exact information can be seen on the label of the wallpaper, consciously deciding for yourself whether such expenses are necessary.
And even when the number of rolls is carefully calculated and contains the necessary centimeters for joining and allowances, one should not forget or consider useless the purchase of one spare roll.
Characteristics and properties
Like any finishing material, wallpapers have their own technical characteristics, among which you can find:
- degree of moisture resistance;
Thermal insulation properties, camouflage of small wall irregularities, as well as weight depend on the density of the wallpaper. The choice of glue directly depends on the mass of wallpaper.
The composition of the wallpaper significantly affects their weight. The simplest paper wallpapers are simplex, the weight of which is only 110 g / m2. The heavy category includes vinyl and non-woven trellis weighing up to 140 g / m2. Heavy wallpaper for many looks more presentable than light due to its complex structure.
The degree of resistance to moisture has its own varieties, among which you can find:
- washable wallpaper;
- moisture resistant wallpaper;
The first and second types are close to each other, however, moisture-resistant wallpaper can only be wiped with a damp cloth, removing dust from the walls, while washable trellises are not afraid of cleaning products. Classic wallpaper does not accept moisture, which is not an obstacle for some rooms, for example, bedrooms.
Embossed paper-based vinyl wallpapers look aesthetically and qualitatively. Here, a stamping can be a pattern or a filler pressed between sheets with a unique structure. Corrugated trellis simplex, unfortunately, can never be compared with them.
However, even the most inexpensive wallpapers are complemented by amazing prints today. Models with birds and flowers are incredibly popular and in demand, because they create a particularly homely and warm atmosphere. Stars on the wallpaper can create interiors in such topics as space, American style, childhood and zodiac magic.
Models made of wood, brick, bamboo or natural stone also have their own unique energy, especially if they included natural veneer. Soft vinyl bricks are also able to create a colorful and safe environment.
Style and Design
The style of paper wallpaper today is not inferior in design to any other advanced trellis. Some styles completely lose their meaning without the use of classic paper. So, the retro style with the famous floral wallpaper is unlikely to be so simple and nostalgic in silk-screen printing and voluminous vinyl. Provence also calls for brilliant simplicity, recommending choosing wallpaper with floral motifs or plain plain options for accurate display of that era.
Metal wallpapers have already entered ideas for the modern high-tech style. Natural veneer and paper-based cork have taken their place of honor in country and loft styles. Textiles on a paper backing are traditionally fixed to the classics.
How to choose?
To choose high quality trellis with paper in the composition, you should pay attention to the following criteria:
- rolls must be carefully sealed;
- the batch of rolls must match to avoid a change in tone;
- the thickness of the roll should be identical.
In addition, experts recommend purchasing moisture-proof and washable wallpapers for the corridors, leaving them with exceptional naturalness for updating the interiors of bedrooms and children's rooms.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of paper wallpaper can not be overestimated, because they are the only budget and the most environmentally friendly coating. By their value, they also cover a low service life, allowing you to re-stick wallpaper once every 3-5 years without a burden on the family budget.
Disadvantages are also present here:
- wallpapers are afraid of mechanical damage;
- may tear or stretch when pasted;
- their natural variation does not accept water;
- fade in the sun.
Nevertheless, modern coatings and fillers solve almost all the problems associated with a paper base.
Well-known manufacturers and reviews
Wallpaper of Russian production today can be found everywhere, and, as a rule, their cost will be significantly inferior to prices of foreign brands. One way or another, product reviews are positive, and brands like:
- "Saratov Wallpaper";
- Alfresco with the widest selection of photo wallpapers;
The German company Marburg and Rasch delight connoisseurs of wall coverings of European quality. According to users, they are very easy to glue. Their cost is high, but in terms of discounts, you can buy models at a very reasonable price.
Belarusian wallpapers are represented by a large and powerful holding of the same name. Today it includes brands such as Beloeoboi and Gomeloboi, which delight consumers in Belarus and Russia with good quality, wide assortment and low price.
American wallpapers are popular among Russians. Brands such as York, offer stylish and vibrant options of excellent quality at an affordable cost, which is rare for foreign brands.
Elite examples and collection options
Stylish wallpaper in a cold color scheme in the interior of Provence becomes the main focus of the entire room.
Embossed complex multicolored wallpaper is the trend of the last season.
The tapestries of the American brand with plant motifs amaze with the complexity of pastel colors against the background of ornate patterns.
Whatever type of wallpaper is chosen, it is important to qualitatively prepare the pasted walls, plastering them first and priming them. It is also worth remembering that paper wallpapers quickly get wet, and therefore glue should be applied to them in moderate layers, acting as quickly as possible.
Experts do not recommend being afraid when sticking small air bubbles. The fact is that paper wallpapers always bubble, however, after drying, the paper shrinks and masks all old bubbles. It is worth saying that the trellises dry quickly, and therefore the process will be as easy as possible.
About the properties and features of paper wallpaper, see the next video.