When purchasing wallpapers, it is not enough to take into account only the data contained on the price tag, price list or catalog. So that sellers could not mislead you, it is useful to know everything about labeling wallpapers. Each number, letter or image has its own unique meaning.
Letters on a roll
Letter designations tell about a type of material and its qualities. So, “A” means that acrylic foam is applied to the paper base. Plain paper without any additional coatings is indicated by the letter "B", which can apply to duplex, simplex, and washable wallpapers. "A +" - these are only those wallpapers that are intended for gluing ceilings, it is undesirable to glue them on the walls.
Vinyl coatings have three different options:
- PB - on the contrary, has a pronounced relief and non-woven base.
Abbreviation TKS means the presence in the composition of the fabric (textile). The selection of wallpaper for painting is quite simple, you need to focus on the abbreviations STR (structural) or STL (glass).
Decryption will allow you to choose the perfect wallpaper for a particular room. In hallways and corridors, you can glue anything (except TKS), but in children’s rooms only B, STR, BB or STL. Only PB and STL are acceptable for a bathroom; paper wallpapers are allowed in the bedroom.
If you want to paste in a cafe, the permissible markings are PV, STR, PB and STL. Interestingly, the set of options suitable for the office is the same that can be used in schools - BB, PV, STR and STL.
The numbers mean a lot: the one in the red circle is the article, and in the green it is the serial number of the party. Be sure to make sure that they match, otherwise there is a risk of a difference in shades, colors and in the ornament. A two-digit number in a square frame is centimeters of the height of the patterns.
Everyone who at least once acquired a wallpaper, chose it or glued it, probably paid attention to the various drawings used in the labeling. It is quite simple to understand them and there is no need to be a professional builder or architect, even thick reference publications will not be needed.
Icons can be divided into functional groups:
Showing how to glue wallpaper;
Reflecting resistance to fading in the light;
Illustrating danger from water and friction, from sharp bumps and scratches;
Explaining exactly how to shoot the wallpaper;
Dedicated to product safety.
On the label, graphic characters most often come after letters. With the help of wavy lines it is shown how moisture-proof the wallpaper is. If there is only one such line, then any contact with water after gluing and removing excess glue is unacceptable. When there are two lines, it is allowed to occasionally wipe the surface with slightly damp cloths or sponges without strong pressure. And the addition of another strip reports that you can use a soap solution for cleaning.
Washable wallpapers, which are marked not only with wavy lines, but also with a brush, can be cleaned with the help of these brushes; one line and brush imply easy handling with careful movements, and three - vigorous mechanical cleaning. In the latter case, the use of household chemicals and abrasives is permitted. This will remove even stubborn oil stains.
A drawing depicting the sun will show how great the destructive effect of direct sunlight on the canvas. Please note that the wallpapers that are most prone to fading are not marked in any way, and the least resistance to light is shown by a half-shaded circle. This means that such wallpapers can not be glued where there will be daylight. A completely shaded sun tells the consumer about the suitability of the canvas for normal use, but over time it will still lose the brightness of the colors. Increased resistance to light is shown by the symbol "+" on the surface of the sun, and exceptional (tropical) - a pair of suns.
A very important characteristic is the fit, because the required consumption of wallpaper depends on whether it is there or not. When there is an up arrow to the left of the line and a zero to the right, this means that there will be no fit. Two arrows separated by a strip indicate that the canvas needs to be adjusted horizontally, and if they are at different heights, vertically.
The hardest thing is to work with the wallpaper when the arrows are looking in opposite directions.
The overlap is shown by two parallel and one horizontal line (entering the top line at a right angle, like an inverted T), although such a designation can only be found occasionally. When a fraction is entered in the marking, the numerator is the height of the picture, and the denominator is the distance of the joint offset. By dividing the numbers, you will know how much each strip should be shifted relative to the nearest. Direct docking does not require shifting the pattern. A shortened arrow with a horizontal line indicates that the canvas should be glued parallel to the floor.
The brush says that only the wall itself will have to be covered with glue. The bath, in which the canvas was immersed, suggests that the wallpaper was already covered with an adhesive layer at the factory. It is supposed to be pre-soaked. If the brush is drawn together with the canvas, then you need to smear it very carefully, in solid portions. And finally, an equal sign on a piece of wallpaper will show you that you need to use only the glue that is specified by the manufacturer.
Finishing materials need not only to be applied, but also removed after long use. If there is an icon with a wall and wallpaper that has moved away, this means that it will be easy to remove them, you only need to moisten it. The presence of the arrow says that the canvas will leave in a monolithic layer, and the spatula symbolizes the need for enhanced wetting. The wall and many layers of material indicate that it will be necessary to remove them sequentially, and the hammer indicates that you will first have to mechanically damage the canvas, and only then it will begin to retreat.
The signs on the wallpaper can have other meanings. A non-woven coating having a layer of foamed vinyl is often marked with signs indicating the presence or absence of texture. An arrow pointing up indicates that the pattern should be directed to the ceiling (for the most part this refers to hard-to-perceive patterns). A dark cloud with two parallel lines indicates that the collection includes not only wallpapers, but also curtains and other textile products.
When calculating the length of the walls, it is not necessary to take into account window and door openings, and with a direct horizontal connection, you need to control how tall the picture is. If its height is, for example, 70 centimeters, and the wall height is 300 cm, then in each strip there will be four full repetitions and one partial (20 centimeters). Always check each tube, with the exception of a straight and straight sticker, as otherwise the pattern may not dock.
When the marking includes only a brush (without wavy lines) , this means that dry cleaning is acceptable.
In Russia, there are two main designations for increased environmental safety of wallpaper: EcoMaterial and "Leaf of Life" . Products of the Scandinavian countries and Germany (the EU flower is also active there), the USA, Canada and Japan have their own symbols of this kind.
As you can see, knowledge of wallpaper marking helps to make the right choice and to avoid many problems, to achieve a harmonious appearance and long service of the finishing material. No manufacturer has the right to deviate from generally accepted designations, and if they show not what the seller says, it is better to refrain from buying building materials in this store.
About what markings are on the wallpaper - the next video.