Although the bathroom is not the living room of your apartment, still its dimensions play a significant role in the ease of use. In addition to the personal comfort of using this space, there are also norms of SNiP, which the bathroom must comply with. Each bathroom has a certain minimum area, it is fixed by special rules and affects the ergonomic use of this room, since each bathroom must contain all the necessary amount of equipment and furniture.
Features and Standards
Before planning the bathroom, it is necessary to consider how communication and plumbing devices will be placed.
The main parameters of the bathroom in residential buildings, offices or in the apartment:
- If the bathroom is located in the attic, then regardless of the area, it is necessary to adhere to the distance from the inclined surface of the roof to the toilet should be at least 1.05 m.
- The exit from the restroom should not be located in a residential or kitchen area, but should only be in the corridor or hallway.
- Doors should only open outwards.
- The ceiling height of the room located before the entrance to the toilet should be at least 2.1 m.
The standard size of the bathroom:
- width must be at least 0.8 m;
- length - not less than 1.2 m;
- height is required not less than 2.4 m.
There are types of toilets that can be accessed by people with disabilities.
Sanitary standards for the disabled:
- width should be more than 1.6 m;
- length - not less than 2 m;
- when combined, special handrails for bathtubs should be placed in the room;
- doors should open outwards.
There are certain rules for a small bathroom. The problem of lack of space in the restroom haunts many residents of Soviet-planned houses, where the toilet was given a minimum of space. However, there are now many ways to solve this problem.
It is recommended to integrate all communications into special niches in the walls of the restroom, in which you can also equip shelves for various accessories.
All plumbing needs to be selected as compact as possible. This is not difficult, for example, many modern toilets are partially built into the wall.
The sink should be chosen small and having a drop-shaped shape. Instead of a bath, you can install a shower cabin, which takes up much less space. The space under the teardrop-shaped sink should be used to the maximum; shelves, a laundry basket or a washing machine can be placed in an empty space. Do not forget about the visual expansion of space. To do this, the bathroom should be equipped with mirrors, glossy and light tiles, as well as good lighting.
A bathroom can be of different types: combined (bathroom and toilet are in the same room) or separate.
Typical bathrooms can be of a minimum size of about 150 x 80 cm in houses with an old layout and 100 x 150 cm in panel houses with an improved layout. The size of a separate bathroom should have a size of 165 x 120 cm.
Bathrooms, which have both a bathtub and a toilet, also have a certain minimum in size. The size of this type of restroom should be 200 x 170 cm. With such an area, it will not be possible to place some kind of overall bath, however, in this case, the installation of a shower cabin will be optimal.
Basically, such a minimum size is provided in the "Khrushchev", in the houses of the new layout, this room is already allocated from 5 square meters. m. The optimal ergonomics and convenience option would be a combined bathroom measuring 8 square meters. m and more. Under such conditions, there is complete freedom in placement and layout.
The distance between the plumbing
There are also certain standards for placement in the bathroom of plumbing, all necessary distances must be observed.
SNiP provides such standards for the location:
- Before each sink, a minimum distance to other plumbing fixtures is at least 70 cm.
- Before each toilet, free space - from 60 cm.
- On both sides of the toilet - from 25 cm.
- There should be at least 70 cm of empty space in front of the shower or bathtub.
- The bidet should be placed at least 25 cm from the toilet.
Norms of SNiP of other countries (Belarus, Ukraine) may differ from the norms of the Russian Federation.
How to determine the optimal dimensions?
For each, the optimal size of the bathroom can be completely different, but the most important thing is to find a middle ground. Because a small room for such a large accumulation of plumbing, appliances and various household appliances is not suitable and will not correspond to ergonomics, but also to spend a huge amount of square meters on the toilet is also not a very good solution. In order to find this necessary middle, you need to consider absolutely all factors and features.
For a shower, you need an area of about 2–2.5 square meters. m, for the bath - 2.5-3.5 square meters. m, for the sink you need about a meter, for the toilet - 1.2-1.8 square meters. m. It turns out that for an ordinary family of 4-5 people, the optimal size of the bathroom is about 8 "squares".
If there is a need to use the guest bathroom, then the frequency, the number of visitors and the possibility of using the restroom by the disabled are taken into account.
Should be considered:
- There are different models of toilets on average 40 x 65 cm.
- The dimensions of the average bathtubs are 80 x 160 cm. The corner baths are usually about 150 x 150 cm. The average height of the bathtubs is about 50 cm, the height of the bathtub with legs is 64 cm.
- Shower cabins are absolutely diverse, but the main dimensions are 80 x 80 cm, 90 x 90 cm, 100 x 100 cm.
- The heated towel rail should be located 70–80 cm from the bathtub.
- The optimal size of the bidet is 40 x 60 cm.
- The optimum size of the washbasin is about 50-60 cm wide.
It is still necessary to take into account all the features of the optimal dimensions of bathrooms for people with disabilities. Dimensions are based on the dimensions of the wheelchair. The minimum size of the bathroom should be at least 230 square meters. cm, toilet about 150 square meters. see. Thus, the width of the restroom should be 1.65 square meters. m, length - 1.8 square meters. m
There are no maximum sizes of the bathroom, so with a legal redevelopment, you can choose a toilet in the size of 7, 8, and 9 square meters. m
Examples and options: recommendations
The layout of your own bathroom is very important, because you need to adjust everything to your own convenience. Re-planning should be done only with the help of specialists, otherwise changing the layout with your own hands threatens to disrupt the structure of the house and further problems with the walls. The option of a wall collapse is not ruled out, so such a redevelopment is illegal and unsafe.
At the beginning of planning, it is necessary to take into account all factors in advance, because in the future plumbing and communications may not fit in. Next, you need to consider all options for decoration and placement. Then you need to choose the option that is most suitable for you.
Minimum room size from 2.5 meters
Depending on the particular use of the premises, you must choose a combined or separate room you need. With such a size of the bathroom, it is better to use the combined bathroom and toilet, since the partition wall takes up a place, which, therefore, is not enough. Here it is necessary to use compact plumbing, a corner bath or shower, partially integrated toilet.
The washing machine should be located near the entrance or under the sink. The bathroom should not be cluttered with unnecessary devices. In such a room it is better to have medium-sized mirrors to make the room seem larger.
The bathroom is 4 square meters. m
Such a room is already considered spacious, so all the plumbing and a washing machine can be positioned against the walls of their own free will. In such a room, it is desirable to install an extractor hood, since steam can accumulate in such a room.
The bath should be located in the far corner, covering it with a splash shield, this will add a bit of privacy. In the adjacent corner should be located small lockers for household accessories. The washing machine can be located near the entrance and cabinets.
Option size of 7 square meters. m
Such a bathroom is very spacious, so here you can "create" and create all the conditions for relaxation and life. Here you can install both a bath and a shower. In the first case, the font should be fenced off with a translucent screen so that several family members can use the bathroom at the same time.
In this restroom, you can install two sinks and a bidet. It is also better to place the washing machine in a niche, next to it you can place a clothes dryer. All free space is used for various useful lockers.
Last parting words
A bathroom is a very important room for every apartment, house or public place. Since the dimensions of this room can be varied, it is worth choosing the right decoration options and using all square meters to the maximum. If necessary, a small bathroom can be redeveloped, but this must be done under the supervision of professionals. Also, do not forget that for any decoration of the restroom, you must adhere to all norms of SNiP.
It is very important to choose a bathroom to taste, so that you can use it with full benefit and the possibility of a good rest. If you use the above recommendations, it will be very easy to do.
See how to plan a bathroom in the video below.