Neoreglia has a lot of fans. And this is due not only to its attractive appearance. It is believed that the flower creates a positive atmosphere in the house, makes thoughts more streamlined and in every way helps to optimize the vital resources of the body.
The name of the flower was given in honor of the botanist-scientist who founded the Russian Gardening Society, Eduard August Regel - it was he who first gave a detailed description of this exotic culture. The plant belongs to the bromeliad family. The second name of this family is pineapple. Indeed, neoregelia somewhat resembles this exotic fruit. This plant is a grassy species with bright green spiky leaves about half a meter long and 3-4 cm wide, collected in a single dense bunch. Neoregelia refers to tropical plants - Brazil is considered its homeland.
The flower attracts gardeners primarily with its unusual and bright appearance, as well as its unpretentiousness. It is considered epiphytic - it can adapt to the environment.
Under natural conditions, neoregelia grows on tree branches and trunks, therefore it is suitable for cultivation by hydroponics, that is, in an artificially created nutrient solution without planting in the soil.
The peculiarity of the root system of this flower is such that the roots serve mainly to keep the plant on the surface, and not to absorb nutrients. Neoregelia receives resources for life support mainly by air, and it takes moisture from the natural precipitation that accumulates in its bowl. However, neoregelia can also be artificially grown in soil. Therefore, the flower is suitable both for botanical gardens and parks, and for home conditions.
Before entering the flowering phase, the leaves acquire a bright scarlet color, and the flowers themselves have a soft lilac or bluish tone. There are also varieties of this plant with long striped leaves - the pattern can be neutral white, traditional green or defiant red. The flowers themselves are located in the very center of the plant and have a deep landing.
With proper care, neoregelia can grow up to half a meter in diameter and up to 30 cm in height.
The plant usually begins to bloom in spring. Like most plants from the bromeliad family, neoregelia blooms only once in a lifetime. Flowers appear and die on the next day. The outlet itself can bloom for several months, then dies after the flowers.
However, before blooming, the plant gives several shoots that are located around the central parent stem. Each of the processes over time turns into an adult plant. If they are not planted, then over time they form a whole group of inflorescences.
Species and varieties
The flower was discovered in the middle of the XIX century. Today, science knows about 60 different types of neoregelia. About 40 of them are grown in an artificial environment.
Carolina Neoregelia (Neoregelia carolinae)
It is one of the most popular varieties among gardeners. The inflorescence has the appearance of a wide funnel about 40 cm in diameter. Leaves of emerald green saturated color have a spiky shape about 45-50 cm long and about 3.5 cm wide. Like all representatives of neoregelia, leaves have the property to gradually change their color from green to pink before flowering, and then to bright -scarlet. Flowers about 4 cm in size are collected in spherical inflorescences. The plant begins to bloom in early summer.
An adult bush most often consists of several inflorescences, each of which has from 10 to 20 leaves. Sometimes there are varieties with striped yellow leaves. But also known is the variety of garden varieties Tricolor with stripes of three colors at once: white, green and pink.
Little flowered neoregelia (Neoregelia pauciflora)
As a cultivated plant, the variety was discovered in 1939. The height of an adult culture is about 15 cm. The inflorescence in the form of a narrow funnel consists of 10-12 leaves. The leaves themselves are spiky, similar to wide ribbons, covered with small spikes and scales. The flowers are small, about 4 cm high, have a thin peduncle, collected in inflorescences with a diameter of 2 cm. The shape of the flowers is oval, with fused petals.
The scientific name is Neoregelia marmorata. Like the previous species, marble neoregelia was discovered in 1939. It is able to grow to a height of half a meter or more, has a wide funnel-shaped rosette, consisting of 15 leaves. The beginning of flowering occurs in June . The texture of the leaves is tough, the shape is linguistic, size 60x8 cm, color green, with red spots. The inflorescence is spherical, consisting of many small flowers on the peduncle. The height of the flower is 3-4 cm, the height of the peduncle is 1-2 cm. The color of the flowers can be white or pale pink.
Neoregelia gloomy or Neoregelia tristis
The height of the plant is about 25 cm, the inflorescence is in the form of a narrow funnel, consisting of 10-12 elastic green leaves. The peculiarity of this species is that the upper young leaves are smooth and uniform, and at the base of the plant leaves with dark stripes and microscopic scales. The length of the flowers along with the peduncle is about 4 cm. The first flowers of white and blue color begin to appear in August.
The scientific name is Neoregelia spectabilis. The variety was opened in 1873. The leaf rosette is wide, funnel-shaped. The leaves are spiky, resembling the shape of a tongue, a little less than a meter long, about 5 cm wide, with a double red-green color, scaly, with blurry gray stripes. The variety usually blooms in mid-summer, sometimes it can bloom in winter - in January or February. The inflorescence is spherical, recessed in the depths of the rosette of leaves.
The pedicel has an irregular asymmetric shape, the petals are rounded, with a twisted plate, with microscopic villi, have a bluish color.
In scientific circles known as Neoregelia ampullacea. A distinctive feature of this variety is the inflorescence, which is deeply recessed into a rosette of leaves. In shape, the inflorescence vaguely resembles a glass. The flowering period lasts almost the whole year. The leaves are narrow and long - about 20 cm in length and a little more than 1 cm in width, have a striped pattern on a green background. The edges of the leaves are notched, and they themselves are covered with small villi.
As mentioned in special literature, Neoregelia cyanea. The variety has been known since 1939. The plant is low, with a height slightly above 20 cm. The leaf rosette is narrow, consists of more than 20 leaves. The leaves are long and narrow, solid green, the texture is leathery, scaly, spike, with smooth edges. The flowers are about 2.5 cm long with the peduncle. Petals can vary in color from pale blue or lilac to saturated magenta.
Tiger neoregelia (Neoregelia tigrina)
The first information about the variety appeared in 1954. The plant is stunted, only 10-12 cm tall, begins to bloom in March. The leaves are long, pointed at the tips, yellowish-green in color, with a striped pattern, have small brown spikes. The plant begins to bloom in early spring. Flowers are collected in round inflorescences of 10-12 flowers, which are hidden inside a leaf outlet.
Petals in the form of an ellipse, at the base fused into a tube, have a light purple color with white edges.
In the literature, the name Neoregelia sarmentosa is used. The variety began to be cultivated in 1934. In the wild, it grows on a rocky surface. In cultural conditions, the plant can grow up to 20 cm, blooms in late summer. The name "mustachioed" neoregelia received due to its elongated processes, visually resembling a mustache. On them funnels from leaves are located - these are the daughters of the plant.
The leaves are quite large, sometimes exceed the growth of the plant itself and can reach up to 35 cm in length. The shape of the sheet is round and narrow, 2-3 cm wide. The color is saturated green, gradually turning into red to the top of the leaf, whitish scales below. The flowers are small, pure white or pale blue, traditionally collected in inflorescences.
When caring for the bromeliads, which include neoregelia, much attention should be paid to watering. The period of active vegetation in a plant begins in early spring - at the beginning of March, and gradually ceases by October. At this time, the flower needs abundant watering. In winter, the amount of moisture should be reduced. If the temperature in the room where the plant is located is above + 20 ° C, then water is poured directly into the flower, into the leaf funnel itself. If the air in the room is cool, then the plant is simply sprayed. At higher temperatures, the water evaporates and does not have time to stagnate, therefore, the roots of the plant do not rot and remain healthy.
Since neoregelia belongs to the category of epiphytes, the plant feels best on a bromeliad tree, which will serve as a support for it. A tree can be purchased ready-made, or you can make it yourself from any driftwood. In order for the flower on the tree to develop correctly, it must be periodically removed from the stand and completely immersed in a container of water for several hours. In this case, water is best used sedimentary, room temperature.
In addition to local moisture, the plant needs a high concentration of moisture in the air. For well-being, the flower needs to be in an environment where humidity is more than 60%. This requires regular (up to several times a day) spraying of neoregelia. It is also recommended to hold dishes near the plant itself with water. Moss, pebbles or other substrates that are in the dishes with the plant should be constantly wet.
In addition to generous watering, during flowering, neoregelia needs regular top dressing. Many modern stores have a sufficient assortment of various fertilizers suitable specifically for bromeliads, to which the family of neoregelia belongs. Also, other fertilizers with nitrogen for indoor flowers are suitable, but their concentration should be several times lower, since its excess negatively affects the development of the plant.
Therefore, dilute them with water. The solution can be poured into the outlet itself, which will act as a reservoir. The same solution can spray the plant.
Neorelia is transplanted once every several years as necessary. The transplant is not an adult plant, but its young shoots that form around the main outlet. In this case, you should wait until the plant fades. Many inexperienced gardeners make the mistake of believing that the deeper they dig a plant into the soil, the better it will take root. In the case of neoregelia, the opposite effect occurs - a too deeply planted plant does not receive proper air and water metabolism, so the process of decay can begin.
For a new plant, it is recommended to use a mixture of wood bark, peat and moss. But you can buy a ready - made substrate for bromeliads in the store.
The main thing is that the mixture is loose and passes air well. Dishes with a process should be kept in a warm place at a temperature of + 25.28 ° C.
Diseases and Pests
Even if neoregelia grows at home, it can be susceptible to various diseases and insect infestations. Most often, a spider mite is planted on the plant. You can find out about its presence by a small thin cobweb formed on the plant. And also a bromeliad scutellum or mealybug can damage a flower. To save the plant from pest attacks, an insecticide solution will help. To do this, thoroughly wipe all parts of the plant with a cotton pad moistened with a solution or cloth. To guarantee the remainder of the solution can be sprayed on the plant.
If the flower stands in direct sunlight, this negatively affects its growth. Brownish spots appear on the leaves - a sunburn. Due to lack of moisture or too hard water, the tips of the leaves also begin to lose color, become dry and brittle. If the leaves are pale and sluggish, the plant signals an excess of moisture.
Neoregelia propagates in two ways - by seeds and processes. In the first case, the seeds are placed in a mixture of peat and sand, moistened and covered with a film to create an elevated temperature. At about 2-3 weeks, the first sprouts appear. After this, the film can be removed, and after 2-3 months, the processes are seated in separate containers. The plant begins to bloom for 3-4 years of life.
When propagating by shoots, it is also necessary to create a greenhouse effect. To do this, the shoot is carefully separated from the mother plant, also placed in a special substrate and covered with a glass jar or bag. When new leaflets appear, the hood can be removed.
Neoregelia has the peculiarity of expanding in width, so the dishes for transplantation should be selected with a margin.
About the cultivation and care of neoregelia, see the next video.