Any thing has an expiration date, especially for bedding. Surely the time will come when updates are needed. There is always a choice in stores, but it’s much nicer to create everything yourself, not to mention the low price and high quality.
Perhaps everyone will agree that bedding is very intimate for us, has a special energy, because we spend a lot of time with this material. That is why making a kit with your own hands, I want to enjoy every moment spent in bed, and dreams again enchant, as in childhood.
There are many types of materials, but not all are suitable for bedding. When we come to the store, our eyes run wide: price, color, quality, density, softness, resistance to staining and another whole wagon of properties that are difficult to figure out if you choose anything. To facilitate the shopping trip, we highlight the main types of fabrics that are most often used in work:
Silk things look expensive and cost the same, require careful care, but incredibly attractive and sophisticated. Sheets are always pleasantly cool, and the body is buried in softness and glides slightly from any touch. Japanese silk is considered the most elite, but on the shelves of supermarkets often found artificial matter. External similarities are expressed in brilliance, the cost is much lower, and in leaving much easier. But otherwise, he is far from the original.
Flax is quite dense, has bacteriological properties, retains heat in cold weather and does not allow temperature to rise in summer. It has been proven that bright colors last a long time, and over time, the rigid structure softens. It is important not to let the linen items dry for a long time after washing, it is advisable to remove them slightly damp, fold them neatly, and iron them to avoid excessive bruising.
Our choice will fall on cotton linen. Of these, bed linens are most often made, thanks to their cheapness and durability, they are so common. As a recommendation, you can offer several varieties of cotton.
- Satin is the most durable, able to survive up to 400 washings. It may resemble silk due to its glossy and implicitly shiny surface.
- Percale is suitable for pillowcases. High density will not allow feather or fluff to get out.
- Coarse calico from rather dense cheap threads, because of this sensation of touch leaves much to be desired.
- Chintz is soft compared to the rest. The downside is that it keeps its shape poorly.
We calculate the amount of textile
For clarity, we will analyze the sizes that are usually used to create a quilt cover for one and a half, for a newborn and an envelope.
For the first - the length is 4 m 40 cm with a canvas span of 150 cm.
To sew an envelope for babies, you can take 100x100 or 90x90 cm of textile.
The standardized space in the crib is 120x60 cm. In stores, the kits are sold with completely different sizes, which suggests the conclusion that it is much more convenient to make the kit yourself in order to get rid of waste of money and subsequent disappointment.
The above data are approximate. If you want more accurate values, take a coverlet for which tailoring is made, and measure it far and wide. You can use a ruler or centimeter tape.
It is important to separate the area where the seams appear, for this, leave about 4-5 cm on the sides. If you decide to add a fastening element, the distance will increase to 7 cm.
Step-by-step instructions for cutting and sewing
If you decide to set the goal with your own hands to properly sew the duvet cover, you should not attend classes, master classes, you can do everything at home, observing the accuracy of the seams, given the correct calculation data.
With a neckline in the middle
Perhaps everyone from childhood is familiar with a rhombus in the middle of a blanket. To make such a wonderful memory is not difficult if you follow the instructions step by step.
First, determine the position of the cutout: we outline the space in the core of the canvas and outline the rhombus. Inside, we leave allowances for seams of about 4.5 cm, along this line we cut off the central figure. Try to cut through the corners without touching the bottom line. Keep a distance of 0.2 cm and a cut angle of 45 degrees.
We will need a new fabric. Two squares are cut out of it, which should be twice as much as the allowance width, and 1 cm for the future location of the seam is also taken into account. We get four triangles with equal hips, cutting the squares in half. Add each square from the front to the corners on the neckline. Carefully apply the oblique cut and the upper area. We attach everything with different seams: in an angular section of 0.3 cm, the rest - 0.5 cm.
Straighten the corners, we leave the left allowance from the inside. Stitch 0.1 cm along two edges.
The work is finished, the matter remains small: wash, iron and can enjoy the end result.
With a hole bottom or side
This type is considered one of the easiest to manufacture. Most often, a large piece of material is taken, the excess is cut off only from one edge. If you cut off unnecessary from the center, then the work will increase for several hours. The cut along the edge further simplifies processing.
We lay out the textiles on a flat surface, referring to the scale of the bedspread, mark the rectangle, draw the second one next to it. At each edge, leave an allowance of 4 cm. After checking with a ruler, you need to cut out the details and process. It is required to iron a double hem in half a centimeter from all sides, and then flash it on a typewriter. If the structure is quite dense, you can take a centimeter or more.
Compare the cooked halves. They must be identical. Before stitching the parts folded with the front sides, it is necessary to outline the passage on the side through which the blanket should be inserted.
Do not forget to fasten the line. This is done at the beginning and end so that the threads hold tight and do not break. You can safely turn inside out, you're done!
On the buttons
Such a mount is very convenient, because when using the blanket will not constantly fall out.
To get started, prepare a duvet cover with a hole at the bottom. Follow the instructions above, only the bottom side where the loops will be, do not need to be processed.
Below, we outline a line running along the lower edge at a distance of 6 cm. From it, draw perpendicular segments pointing to the borders of future buttons equal to 1/3 of the length of the cover. We fold the product to the floors in width, set the middle, and from it we begin to mark along it every 30 cm.
We sew to the marked perpendicular lines, we sweep the indicated vertical segments with multi-colored threads. From them we leave a place one centimeter. Below is a line made by typewriter. We retreat 2 cm from it and draw a parallel. It is important to remove unnecessary matter where there is a machine line, not forgetting to postpone the space reserved for the seams, usually 2 cm.
Now a notch is made in the corners, use a sharp blade or scissors. The indentation on the linen is cut to 0.7 cm. The excess threads that the fastener was previously marked are removed, and the free edge allotted to the buttons is folded back 2 cm, then again by the same amount.
We do similar actions with the second half. Unbroken sections remain on both sides. We use a hem for them. After we combine the fastener and the free places that were previously allowed, with a double line. Do not forget to process the remaining slices with a zigzag.
The final straight! We have two prepared sides, on one of which we draw loops, and on the other we place buttons.
Tip: during washing, it is advisable to turn the product inside out.
How to sew a zipper?
Many people prefer a buttoned snake. No need to thread each button into the hole, just pull the dog! In addition, buttons can cause discomfort during sleep, and if they are poorly fixed, a threat to small children.
When buying a zipper, it is better to give preference to a soft, plastic, light substance, for example, plastic. The iron runner will last much longer than with cheaper material.
The product must be prepared: it is imperative to process the ends, fold the fabric layers together to face each other. Use a pencil or a bar of soap to mark the location of the mechanism.
Do not forget to consider the distance for the allowance - 4 cm. This figure is suitable for standard lightning, but if it is more or less, you must take this fact into account, stepping back to another value.
Sweep the cloth following the indicated line. And iron the released 4 cm, having previously folded in half in length. It turns out that the width of the fold is 2 cm. Note that the overcast top will coincide with the sour cream seam.
Take the pins and use them to fasten the fastening mechanism to the two-centimeter bend, but do not touch what the bend is on! Then catch the lightning and do the same with the other half.
Gently stitch from the front, observing 2.5 cm from the bend. Fasten the stitch with vertical stitches at the beginning and end.
Sewing is a very painstaking job. A lot of problems can arise in the process. The main thing is not to lose heart and continue to work! Improvise, try to combine different colors. Any result will make you happy. Good luck in your endeavors.
Below are vivid interesting works:
- with a diamond-shaped neckline;
- with zipper insert;
- with side hole;
- on the buttons.
See how to sew a duvet cover correctly in the next video.