Pelargoniums are one of the most beautiful types of indoor and garden flowers. They came to us from the hot African continent. To adapt the wonderful plant to new conditions, scientists have put a lot of effort. Many wonderful varieties, species and varieties of this plant have appeared, including Salmon, the favorite of the room florists.
Before proceeding to the description of species and varieties, it is worth noting that many confuse pelargonium with geranium. These are two different plants, and they have many differences, but since the name "geranium" is more familiar to our ear, henceforth we will use it.
Very beautiful zonal variety. The flowers of the plant are bright pink with a rich salmon hue. Very decorative leaves with a brown central zone and a neat green edging make the magnificent spherical inflorescences of Knight even more enchanting. In the soft evening light, it seems that the flowers glow from the inside. Over a season, more than 50 chic inflorescences may appear on the bush.
The height of pelargonium is from 25 to 35 cm. The plant is compact, branched.
With proper care, the variety can bloom year-round.
PAC Salmon Komtess
This zoned hybrid variety is an achievement of German breeders whose task was to develop beautiful and unpretentious varieties for landscaping squares and parks. The uniqueness of the plant is that it can survive frosts up to -7 degrees, which is completely unusual for African sissies. The variety is abundantly blooming and very easy to care for.
The bush is compact, very elegant, about 35 cm high. The leaves of the plant are velvety, dark green. Terry flower inflorescences are large, collected in rich clusters. Lush pink hats look very impressive against the background of the dark green of the bush.
Pac salmon queen
A delightful zonal geranium that is worthy of any queen. Among the bright green foliage with a fringing of the color of dark chocolate, lush caps of simple colors of light peach color with a bright salmon middle in the shape of a star look stunning.
Plant height - up to 35 cm.
A flower is grown in summer in flower beds and on balconies.
Pac Salmon Princess
The amazingly beautiful representative of the Salmon pelargonium is distinguished by a very lush medium-sized compact bush. Spherical inflorescences consist of large semi-double flowers of a gentle creamy color, with a pinkish tinge in the middle.
The number of flowers on the peduncle varies from 8 to 10 pcs. Under the weight of lush hats, flower stalks will elegantly lean down. The variety is perfect for decorating balconies and terraces in the summer.
This geranium is created for professional cultivation. It will adequately adorn the terraces of prestigious cafes and restaurants, flower beds of large public institutions on the central streets of cities. Has dense elastic leaves. Bright pink large inflorescence balls on low fleshy peduncles in diameter reach 15 cm. Plant height is almost 40 cm. The stems are powerful, large, not afraid of the weather.
The variety looks very presentable in high powerful flowerpots. The plant grows voluminous, lush.
You can plant it in a home flower garden, in a spacious, well-lit place, where there will be no direct burning sun rays.
Mephisto F1 Salmon
Wonderful professional zonal variety. Height - 35 cm. Shoots are strong, branch well, forming a beautiful sprawling bush. The leaves of the plant are rounded, chocolate, with a bright green border and an elegant wavy edge. The inflorescences are dense, uniform, found in various colors:
- "Mephisto F1 Scarlet" - juicy red inflorescences;
- "Mephisto F1 Rose" - saturated pink and lilac flowers.
Universal variety of geranium, which grows well in indoor conditions and in flower beds, looks great on balconies and loggias. Flowering bright and plentiful all summer. Inflorescences of juicy salmon coloration are collected in spherical inflorescences up to 10 cm in diameter.
Plant height - 25-30 cm. A bush of a beautiful compact form, very unpretentious in leaving. The variety tolerates drought very well, tolerating short-term cooling, and can bloom beautifully in partial shade.
Baby "Nano Salmon F1", barely appearing on the market, managed to win the hearts of fans of pelargonium. This is a new variety of dwarf pelargonium, which surprised everyone with its generous flowering against the background of rich decorative greenery.
The bush is so compact, and there are so many blooming inflorescences that they look like a fluffy bedspread of a juicy pink color. The flowers of the plant are simple in shape, and in size - huge, with a matchbox.
The height of the bush is only 25 cm, and he does not need growth stimulants.
This geranium is intended for indoor cultivation in normal conditions.
Aristo Salmon F1
This is a delightful royal pelargonium with early and long flowering. The flowers of the plant are funnel-shaped, with wide and long petals of apricot color, with a raspberry touch at the base. There are geraniums of white, raspberry, violet and purple color, with spots at the base or without.
The foliage of the plant is very exquisite, lush and carved, with a peculiar smell. The plant blooms from May to September. Aristo geranium is demanding on growing conditions. With the onset of autumn, cool bright apartments are needed to continue the flowering of the pelargonium.
Quantum Salmon F1
Star zoned geranium with lush foliage with a serrated edge. Flowers in the shape of small stars are collected in spherical inflorescences on high peduncles resembling carnations.
The height of the bush is up to 40 cm. Flowering is long, generous.
The plant loves spacious tall flowerpots, which look spectacular on the street, in massive landscape compositions.
Pelargonium care is required for those who want to buy a similar plant. Let's consider the main nuances.
Salmon prefers loose, breathable soil with little acidity, moderately nutritious.
The composition of the substrate must necessarily include:
- sheet earth.
Plants need good drainage so that moisture does not stagnate in the ground.
Like all pelargoniums, Salmon is resistant to drought and does not tolerate waterlogging. Water the plant should be no more than 2 times a week.
If the summer is very dry and hot, it is not worth bringing the flowers to completely dry the earth in pots.
Water the flower if the topsoil has already dried out the size of one finger phalanx.
During the flowering period, plants prefer phosphorus-potash fertilizers. It is possible to use liquid fertilizers or to apply prolonged action dry granular fertilizer to the soil during planting. In this case, you do not have to worry about regularly feeding your flowers.
When buying fertilizer, pay attention to the content of trace elements in the mixture. The plant is especially important:
Minimum amounts of nitrogen are required for plants when buds have not yet formed on the bushes
Home Salmon geraniums must be placed on the south, south-east and south-west windows. From the scorching sun, flowers must be protected with light curtains. In winter, if you want to extend the flowering period, you need to provide the plant with illumination. For street bushes, well-lit places and partial shade are suitable.
In summer, Salmon prefers an air temperature of no more than +25 degrees. In winter, the best conditions are a cool room without drafts, with a temperature of +18 to +15 degrees.
In order for the plant to be beautiful and lush, it is necessary to give it the desired shape by pinching the tops of young shoots or cuttings.
In spring, in early March, young healthy shoots are cut off with several leaves, more than 5-6 cm long.
Flowers can be propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Many beautiful pelargoniums of this variety are hybrids, which means that you can propagate them at home only by cuttings.
Plant the cuttings like this:
- after pruning the bush, select the shoots suitable for planting;
- cut them at an angle of 45 degrees;
- wait for a while until the slice is closed with a film - it ceases to secrete juice and becomes dull;
- plant the cuttings in plastic cups filled with previously sterilized moist soil;
- leave the plants to root in the shaded area until the first leaves appear;
- after the appearance of greenery, take the plants to a bright place without direct sunlight.
Representatives of Salmon, who are not hybrids, grow well from seeds, preserving all the initial characteristics of their variety.
Plant the seeds as follows:
- pre-wet the seeds in water or rub with sandpaper - this will help the sprouts hatch faster;
- the sterilized soil is placed in a container;
- we plant seeds at a distance of 3-5 cm from each other in moist soil;
- gently crush each seed with a finger;
- we fall asleep with a thin layer of soil;
- cover the container with a film and transfer to a dark place;
- after emergence, we take plants out into the light;
- every day we fold the film to air the seedlings;
- if the earth is wet, you do not need to spray the soil - waterlogging can lead to the death of crops, as well as irregular irrigation;
- with the appearance of the first two true leaves, the sprouts are transplanted into individual cups.
Be attentive to these wonderful plants, and they will thank you with magnificent and beautiful flowering.
An overview of the varieties of pelargonium see below.