Construction and repair work greatly facilitates such devices as goats and scaffolds. These auxiliary structures are characterized by strength and stability, which allows them to withstand heavy loads.
The construction goat is a special universal type of devices that is used both in construction work and in the domestic sphere. In another way they are called scaffolding. The main field of application of devices is construction and repair work at a low height. The design consists of a frame, which includes two supports and a transverse crossbar between them.
This feature provides strength and solidity of construction goats.
The most common fabrication material is a tubular shaped metal , consisting of an aluminum alloy, as well as wood. Some models can withstand loads of up to half a ton. Operation takes place in pairs, between the goats establish a working platform where a person is located. The flooring also has enough space to accommodate work equipment.
The advantages of these structures for carrying out numerous works include the following:
- withstanding heavy loads;
- simplicity of operation;
- no interference during operation.
The disadvantages of the construction goat include the lack of mounted devices for the safety of the worker, therefore, if used improperly, unpleasant situations associated with a fall or injuries can occur.
Thanks to modern capabilities and technologies, various types of scaffolds can be bought in stores. These designs can have various sizes, assembly method, production material, and also be equipped with various additions. The first type is considered the usual construction scaffolding. They are produced according to the type of stools, but using more advanced technology. This type of design refers to folding, as it can be disassembled into separate elements. In this case, the largest detail is considered to be working flooring.
Modern building goat options have flooring that can be installed at various heights. This was made possible thanks to the features of the sidewalls, which have the appearance of stairs. Typically, these devices weigh a lot, because they are calculated on the work of several people at the same time. Dimensions of this design are considerable. A professional construction goat has the following dimensions: 150 (200) cm - width and 180 cm - height. This design option is ideal for working on large objects, but for an apartment it is considered quite cumbersome. Often a construction goat comes with a ladder, a limiter, castors with stops.
The second type is a transformer. It is an ideal fixture for apartment work, which is quite compact when assembled. The main characteristics of the construction goat of this type include light weight, practicality, ease of use and transportation. Due to the design features, this option can be used not only on a perfectly flat surface, but also when tilting and even on stairs. Such stages are often used as an alternative to stairs.
Transformer scaffolds have a height of not more than 100 cm, a width of 50 cm. When unfolded, the dimensions are no more than 160 cm, and when folded, the goat can easily fit in the car trunk. According to the material of manufacture, construction goats are divided into aluminum, wooden and combined. Also on sale you can find painting scaffolds with dimensions of 50 to 100 cm.
Folding joinery goats are very popular, which are characterized by stability of position, which provide points for the support of workpieces.
How to choose?
The choice of construction goats should be taken with special care, since the safety of the worker and the quality of the procedure depend on their quality. Wooden constructions are an inexpensive option, but at the same time they are not so durable and have a lot of weight. The most sought after is a metal goat, as it is more reliable and has a long service life. Also, metal structures can be mobile, this characteristic affects the cost.
After the consumer has decided on the material of manufacture, you can proceed to the design features. If the construction of a new building is planned, then it is worth giving preference to the stationary option. Such goats are hardly transported from place to place, therefore, they are used only for lengthy work. The frame option is suitable for construction and installation of any complexity. Such devices are lightweight and easy to install. But if the building has complex geometry, then it is better to refuse this option.
The most popular option for customer reviews are whip construction goats. They are composed of racks, crossbars, communications, shoes, connection nodes. This type has a simple production technology and a straightforward type of design.
How to do it yourself?
The most practical and inexpensive version of the construction goat, which can be made with one's own hand, is folding wooden. It takes up a minimum of space, and can also be used when working in the country, in the apartment. The first thing to decide is the height of the legs, it is equal to the height of a person minus 10-12 cm. You can arbitrarily determine the number of struts and the beam section.
The upper ends of the frame can be connected using door-type hinges. To fix the legs, you should think about the limiter. A pair of pieces of the rafter tape is taken, then fixing on the spacers below is carried out. The distance should be made so as to maintain the stability of the structure. To fix the elements with each other, you can take nails with their subsequent bending on the back side. But in order for the device to be characterized by practicality and reliability, it is worth using self-tapping screws.
The next step will be to prepare the site, the dimensions of which should be selected according to your preferences. It should be able to withstand from 150 to 170 kilograms, and its dimensions should be selected so that the device easily passes in the doorway. The approximate width of the site should be 0.7 meters. To get a quality construction goat, you will need to prepare no more than 150 centimeters of edged board.
Detailed assembly instructions.
- Markings are made on the legs, and the excess tree is cut at an angle on both sides. At the same time, do not forget about the parallelism of the cuts.
- For example, one leg is to make the rest.
- A check is made to find the upper ends at an angle of 90 degrees.
- Future struts mark angles of 80 degrees at one end and 100 degrees at the other.
- After preparing the blanks, they should cut a place for the top board.
- The legs must be connected in the form of scissors, after which it is necessary to drill rotation axes in them. The last thing is not to fully tighten the bolts so that the legs can open and close.
- Spacers are made between the prepared legs. You should get two struts on the wide side, one with a narrow one. On them from the underside it is necessary to attach a belt for a coupler.
- After one support is ready, you can start assembling the second.
Many construction and repairs are related to height, as the worker constantly has to stretch. A ladder and a stepladder restrict freedom of action, but a construction goat is a completely different matter.
This device contributes to the placement of not only a person, but also his equipment.
You can see how to make construction goats with your own hands in the next video.