Clematis of Manchurian is very popular among Western flower growers and landscape designers. This beautiful creeper, better known as clematis, can decorate any household plot, however, in our country this plant has not yet received wide distribution. In our article, we will talk about the features of Manchu clematis, methods of its reproduction and introduce the subtleties of caring for it.
Some botanists consider Manchurian clematis to be a separate type of clematis, while others attribute it to the species of direct clematis, so today the place of this plant in the classification is not clearly defined. The homeland of the spectacular creeper is considered the southern part of the Far East, as well as the northeastern provinces of China.
Under natural conditions, the Manchu clematis prefers to grow in well-lit areas - along the banks of rivers, on the slopes of low hills and on forest edges.
From the side, the thickets of this plant are similar to fluffy clouds that cover a rocky mountainous area with a continuous flowering carpet and envelop the crowns of low-growing trees.
Unlike most other vines, this representative of the flowering flora is not able to wrap itself around a support on its own , therefore, in a natural environment, the clematis behaves like a groundcover - it lies on the surface with a dense hat or crawls along the ground.
The length of the liana is 1.5-3 meters, so when using it in vertical gardening, additional fixation to the trellises is required.
Small complex leaves form a decorative openwork mass, flowers are cruciform, small - each diameter does not exceed 2 cm. In the daytime they open completely, they are directed upwards. Flowers exude a pleasant aroma, which under the influence of sunlight is amplified many times. Petals are white, peaked, stamens and anthers are pale yellow. Seeds are quite numerous, they are tiny "nuts" of beige-brown color.
The flowering of Manchurian clematis in central Russia falls on the second half of July - August and lasts from 4 to 6 weeks.
Flowers appear on the processes of the current year, while from 400 to 500 flowers are formed on each branch.
Clematis of Manchu is unpretentious; it easily tolerates cold winters, as well as summer heat.
It prefers open areas, forms a plentiful green mass in the dark, but does not bloom.
Like the vast majority of clematis, it is not too demanding on soil acidity, but it does not tolerate stagnation of water - from this, the roots of the plant quickly die. It has good immunity, therefore it rarely gets sick, most often affected by snails, as well as slugs and spider mites.
Planting Manchu clematis is carried out in the autumn-spring period. In order for it to take root well and actively begin to grow, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the soil, choose a healthy seedling and observe all the rules of planting.
There are no strict deadlines for planting this creeper - any warm time is suitable when the air temperature at night is kept above 5 degrees.
Keep in mind that after buying seedlings, planting should be done as soon as possible - this flower with an open root system fades very quickly.
It is best to plant Far Eastern clematis in a sunny place about a meter from the vertical support.
It is not worth it to plant a liana under storm because the clematis does not like waterlogging.
For the same reason, you should not choose a place with high groundwater for planting, otherwise the root system will quickly decay.
Suitable seedlings can be purchased in specialized nurseries, it is very important to carefully examine them before buying - shoots must be resilient, there should be no creases, pest larvae and any damage on the roots. The leaves of planting material should be green, clean, without signs of ulceration, red or whitish spots.
The clematis planting area should be prepared in advance - for several months it is dug up, well loosened and fertilizer applied. For a young seedling, it is necessary to prepare a planting pit 60x60 cm deep, the bottom should be laid out with expanded clay, pebbles or other drainage material with a layer of 10-15 cm, then cover the soil with a mixture of sand, peat, ash and humus taken in equal amounts, taken at a third, with this should be about 20 cm to the ground level.
If you plan to plant several seedlings at once, then a distance of at least 1 meter should be maintained between them.
It is better to install the supports before planting, otherwise the roots may be damaged.
The process of planting Clematis Manchu directly involves several stages.
- Rhizome before planting should be soaked in a solution of "Root" or any other root stimulant.
- A seedling is placed in the prepared hole, the roots are gently straightened and sprinkled with earth so that the root neck is closed by 15–25 cm. If it is located higher, clematis will not be able to form a strong root system.
- At the end of the work, the earth around the seedling is mulched: for this, they take the crushed bark of conifers, sawdust or peat, after which the young plant is neatly tied to the support and watered abundantly.
You should not expect that clematis will rush sharply into growth - the enhanced development of this plant begins only in the third year of life, and the appearance of flowers can be observed only after 5-6 years.
In order for clematis to grow well and delight its owners with abundant flowering, the rules for growing this vine should be observed.
Manchurian clematis does not tolerate excess water, but at the same time its lack leads to weak growth. In warm time, the plant needs 2-3 watering per week at the rate of 2 buckets of water for each bush.
Keep in mind - water should not be poured directly under the root, but next.
In the spring-autumn period, one watering per week and 5 liters of water for each plant will be enough.
After wetting, the ground often becomes hard and crusty, therefore, as soon as the soil dries, you need to gently loosen it, but so as not to damage the root system of the vine.
If during planting, a nutrient mixture based on river sand and humus was introduced into the pit, then in the first year of life the clematis no longer needs to be fed, in the second year a weak solution of mullein is introduced and several times a season it is fertilized with complex mineral preparations.
Fresh manure can not be used for irrigation.
The fertilizer application scheme is as follows:
- nitrogen-containing top dressing is applied during the growing season;
- potash - at the stage of bud formation;
- phosphoric should be used in a dormant stage at the end of flowering;
- mineral is preferably introduced immediately after trimming clematis.
Keep in mind that Far Eastern clematis buds are formed exclusively on the shoots of the current year, so gardeners stimulate their enhanced formation. To this end, with the onset of autumn, all processes are cut off, and in the spring the procedure is repeated until the first leaf appears - then in the new season you can get a lush, abundantly flowering vine.
In case of pest infestation, it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning - remove all damaged branches, as well as dried shoots.
Pest and Disease Control
The root system of clematis is well developed - this largely contributes to plant resistance and good survival, but, on the other hand, it provokes the appearance of fungal infections, when the rhizome is damaged by their spores, a quick withering of the bush begins.
For the prevention of diseases, it is necessary to carry out loosening of the soil in order to ensure aeration and reduce the likelihood of debate roots.
If the plant nevertheless collides with the fungus, it is necessary to dig it out, clean the rhizomes, remove all the affected areas and return it to its place, and then fill it with a solution of Fundazole.
If any spots of light or reddish color appear, carefully examine your green pet - they may turn out to be rust, as well as powdery mildew and gray rot. Affected areas should be cut as soon as possible, healthy parts of the bush should be sprayed with Bordeaux liquid.
All types of nematodes are capable of destroying the root system in the shortest possible time - in this case, the liana quickly dies. If such a nuisance has occurred, plants should be uprooted and burned, and nothing should be planted at the site of the former planting for 2-3 years.
Clematis of Manchuria easily tolerates winter cold, however experienced flower growers recommend preparing this vine for frost.
When the air temperature in the fall drops to -5 degrees, the plant needs to be insulated for the winter. To do this, cut it, and the remaining bush is plentifully covered with fallen leaves.
However, it is best to sprinkle it with dry soil so that a mound of 50–70 cm in diameter is formed.
For backfilling, you can take peat - in this case you will need about 4 buckets of substrate. In regions with cold winters, the embankment is additionally covered with agrofibre or roofing felt, as an option you can make a protective structure from boards. When snow falls, this convenient design will reliably protect Manchu clematis until the onset of spring heat.
Manchurian clematis at home can propagate by seeds and cuttings. The first process is quite time-consuming and lengthy - you can get liana sprouts only two years after planting seeds.
For planting, it is better to use wooden or plastic containers.
They are covered with a substrate of peat and river sand, taken in equal amounts - a similar soil mixture provides good air circulation, and in addition, water does not stagnate in it.
For cultivation, it is best to take the seeds of next year - they have maximum germination. The seed must always be dry, and its protective layer is integral, without signs of damage. Seeds are placed sparse on the surface of the prepared soil, they do not need to be deepened - just sprinkle with sand.
Do not forget to put boxes of sand in the refrigerator for a couple of hours before planting - in this case you can additionally harden your seedlings.
Manchurian clematis refers to heat-loving plants, therefore, for its germination, a temperature of at least +25 degrees is required - for insulation the container is covered with a film.
In the "greenhouse" must be made several small holes - the fact is that for this creeper a constant flow of air is very important.
To prevent seedlings from being washed during irrigation, it is best to use trays of water to moisten.
With the arrival of spring heat, when the air temperature at night is set at +20 degrees, cones with sprouts can be taken out into the yard, but only if there are already several leaves on the seedlings.
Direct sunlight is best avoided, and for the winter the box must be insulated, wrapping with foam.
After a year, the seedlings will be so strong that they can be moved to the open ground to a permanent place - this is done only after the threat of repeated spring frosts has finally passed.
There is an easier option to propagate clematis - rooting by cuttings, it is best done in wet, pre-calcined river sand.
In order to stimulate the appearance of roots, you can pre-sustain the branch in the "Kornevin" or other solution of a similar action.
Reproduction through layering is even more effective - for this purpose, the young lateral stalk is carefully bent and pressed to the ground, fixed with a hairpin, this place is sprinkled with sand on top and watered. A month later, roots grow near the lateral buds, and the buds themselves begin to shoot - after this, the rooted part of the plant can be carefully separated from the mother and transplanted to a new place.
Manchurian clematis is a decorative vine, which is widely used by landscape designers for vertical landscaping of the site. Arches and arbors in a frame of beautiful snow-white flowers look very impressive.
Clematis braided fence is a decorative hedge.
A delicate aroma will become a pleasant bonus, which will surely create a harmonious atmosphere in your area, pleasing to the eye and contributing to relaxation and restoration of mental strength.
You can get acquainted with the features of clematis care in the next video.