Cirrus asparagus has long and firmly won the hearts of domestic flower growers. This plant can decorate any interior and create an indescribable atmosphere of comfort in the house. According to the Feng Shui doctrine, this houseplant with unusual leaves has the ability to cleanse the house’s energy from negative emotions, and helps its owners cope with prolonged depression, stress and strong feelings.
Cirrus asparagus is a perennial shrub with fairly thin curly stems. In the presence of all kinds of trellises and supports, this flower can grow straight up, and can fall in cascading waterfalls or hang with liana-like lashes. The plant belongs to the family of Asparagus, shoots visually resemble bird feathers, so the flower got its name. In the people it is more often called a "spider web" or "the thinnest asparagus".
The role of the leaves is performed by cladonia - needle shoots collected in large bundles near stems up to 1.5 m long. All stems originate from one growth point, which creates a feeling of fluffy foliage. The asparagus leaves themselves grow from the very base of cladonia in the form of underdeveloped brown scales.
The root system is branched, characterized by the presence of tubers, the plant can accumulate water in them and hold it for a long time in case of adverse external factors.
In indoor conditions when creating a comfortable living environment can bloom. As a rule, this occurs at 5-9 years of age. The flowers are milky white, small, star-shaped with a pronounced pleasant smell. Fruits are small berries of dark blue color, inside of which seeds are formed.
Under natural conditions, cirrus asparagus grows in the tropical and subtropical climates of Africa, which is why the plant prefers high humidity and warm air. Asparagus can very quickly adapt to new living conditions and the room where it is kept. The care is quite unpretentious, so even the most inexperienced florist can cope with its breeding.
Cirrus asparagus is one of the most decorative representatives of its family. Its fluffy and light shoots create the feeling of an airy cloud of green color, therefore they will give lightness and sophistication to any room, will place spectacular accents in the interiors of any style.
At home, decorative cirrus asparagus can be propagated vegetatively, usually using one of 3 methods.
This method creates stressful conditions for the plant, since it involves the destruction of the integrity of the roots, this method is optimal only if the bush has grown too much. The flower is removed from the container and the roots are divided into several parts, usually from 2 to 4, after which the damaged areas are treated with crushed activated carbon and transplanted into new pots with fresh nutrient substrate. After transplanting, the plant must be moistened and put on a bright window on the east or west side.
Within a month, it is better not to make any manipulations with the flower, except for watering, because with this method of reproduction, the asparagus is sick for a long time, and any change in external factors can aggravate the situation.
This is a very long and laborious way. Most often, breeders resort to it to develop new varieties of plants, but if you want to replenish the collection of your green pets, it is quite possible to purchase seed in any specialized store and start growing. The purchased seeds are soaked in water for a couple of days, after which they are kept for half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate - they are similarly stratified and disinfected, only after this procedure they become suitable for planting in the ground.
The material is distributed over the surface of the soil mixture, slightly deepened, sprinkled with earth and covered with glass or plastic wrap. Thus, greenhouse conditions are created that contribute to the speedy germination. After about a month, all shoots appear, then the greenhouse can be removed, and when the sprouts reach a length of 10-15 cm, they are transplanted to a permanent place. Germination of seedlings can be significantly accelerated if each seed carefully pierce the skin with a thin needle.
This is the easiest and most affordable way for ordinary gardeners. In this case, it is necessary to cut off adult shoots and place them in a vessel with water for rooting. Before the roots appear, it is advisable to cover the vessel with a bag or a cut plastic bottle to maintain the required moisture level. To prevent decay, water should be changed every 5-7 days, it will be useful to add a little activated carbon or a solution of blue methylene. As a rule, rooting takes about two months, after which the stalk can be transplanted into the ground.
Asparagus is classified as a fast-growing representative of asparagus, and this applies both to the ground part and to the rhizome, so regular transplantation is an indispensable condition for the plant to grow and develop properly. If the procedure is neglected, the flower will not actively grow and maintain its exotic appearance. Young plants are best replanted annually, for adult flowers, soil can be renewed less frequently - every 3-4 years with regular updating of the top layer of the earth.
Usually, a transplant is carried out in early March, as soon as the plant leaves its dormant state, however, if the bush has grown too much, this can be dangerous for cirrus asparagus, then it can be transplanted at any other time.
In most cases, the procedure is carried out by the transshipment method - this is the only way to keep the roots intact, and with each subsequent transplantation, the container must be taken wider than the previous one by about 1.5-2 cm.
In order to minimize the damage caused to the flower when moving to a new place of residence, one must adhere to a certain transplantation procedure. To begin with, you should prepare a new container, be sure to form a drainage layer of expanded clay or coarse pebbles. The plant is carefully removed from the old pot, all diseased parts are cut off. If during the procedure the roots were damaged, then you need to cut off the broken parts with a sterile knife and sprinkle with an antiseptic.
The earthen lump together with the roots is transferred to a new container and all the vacant cavities are sprinkled with a fresh substrate. Be sure to leave a small space at the same time to the edge of the container, because over time, rapidly growing roots will raise the soil. The earth is watered and left in a warm place for adaptation. Keep in mind that asparagus is not particularly picky about the soil mixture, but still it develops best in nutrient soil, slightly acidified, with good indicators of water and air permeability. It is advisable to use ready-made store soil for ferns.
Cirrus asparagus is an unpretentious plant that grows well and develops in a room environment, so it is often bought for landscaping schools, clubs, office buildings, libraries and other public places. This representative of the tropical flora has the ability to quickly adapt to the environment and with elementary care grows very quickly, while maintaining its extremely decorative appearance.
Plant care is carried out in standard mode, they maintain the desired level of humidity, illumination and temperature background, watering and periodic feeding are carried out.
It should be noted that cirrus asparagus is the only representative of the species that does not like bright sunlight, preferring light shading. It is best to place your pet on the eastern or western windows with curtains, special stands or shelves in the back of the room are also suitable. Given a sufficient amount of scattered light, as well as with intense artificial lighting, asparagus grows and develops even on the north side. At the same time, in the colder months, the plant requires additional illumination with fluorescent lamps in the daytime spectrum. If the daylight hours are less than 10 hours, then the shoots will begin to stretch.
During the active growing season, asparagus feels comfortable at ordinary room temperature of 20-24 degrees, with heavy watering, the plant easily tolerates the excess of the temperature background to 30 degrees and above, but the maximum minimum is limited - 15 degrees. If the air in the room is colder, then the flower will simply die, and quite quickly. Asparagus does not tolerate drafts, so when choosing a site for your green pet, you should choose one where there is no movement of cold air masses.
It is very important to organize watering of the asparagus in such a way as to prevent either an overdrying of an earthen coma or waterlogging of the earth. And in that, and in another case, yellowing and dropping of leaves occurs and, as a result, a complete loss of decorative plants. Asparagus is watered as necessary, usually in the summer it is done 2-4 times a week, depending on the temperature, and in winter the number of irrigations is reduced.
By the way, cirrus asparagus needs calcium to maintain normal functioning, it is found in excess in ordinary tap water, so there is no need to defend it before irrigation.
Humidity in the room should be slightly higher than the standard room. To do this, daily asparagus should be sprayed from the spray gun, and also include an air humidifier. A good way to maintain a comfortable living environment is to place sphagnum moss in a pan or turn on a room fountain near a flower.
In the spring-summer period, asparagus needs fertilizers. For this, it is best to use ready-made store preparations for ferns - they are bred in accordance with the instructions and applied immediately after watering twice a month. In the resting phase, asparagus is not needed fertilizers, in the summer from time to time it is possible to replace complex means with nitrogen, but it is important not to overdo it, since an excess of nitrogen leads to excessive stretching of the flower.
Diseases and Pests
Asparagus often becomes the subject of an attack by pests, more often than others it is affected by aphids, as well as scale insects, spider mites and thrips. It is important to keep in mind that this flower reacts very poorly to all kinds of chemicals, so the use of fungicidal compounds in the fight against parasites is not justified - if the leaves are yellow and sick, you should examine the flower and, if necessary, cut off the damaged areas. After that, it is worth treating the entire green mass with a solution of laundry soap, and after 3-4 hours arrange a warm shower for your pet.
If these measures did not lead to the desired result, then you should completely cut off all the leaves, transplant the flower into a new pot and wait for the young shoots to appear.
If the rules for caring for a flower are not observed, serious problems often arise - diseases of a fungal and bacterial nature. Most often, asparagus is faced with gray rot, which affects all green parts of the plant when exposed to high humidity and waterlogging of the soil. If you pay attention in time to the fact that the plant has begun to wither, then you can still save it - for this the roots are completely cleaned of soil, cut off all damaged areas, sprinkle with charcoal and transplant the plant into a new pot filled with fresh soil.
For information on how to keep and care for cirrus aspartus, see the video below.