Every year, the welfare of the Soviet people grew higher. And with it, the demands of citizens increased. Thus, at the end of the 70s of the last century, it was imperative for every resident of the USSR to have a cassette recorder, preferably foreign production. Mostly such a need was among young people, but parents were inclined to purchase a domestic product. However, the beliefs of adolescents most often prevailed, and after a couple of weeks the boys walked around the yards with cassette recorders on their shoulders, listening to their favorite music.
The history of the first cassette recorder
Today cassette recorders are a real rarity. Young people attribute this type of technology to relics of the past. But it was not always like that. Our parents, grandparents, probably remember the elite cassette recorder in the Soviet era. Girls considered the guys with this device the most fashionable.
Boys with tape recorders during the Soviet era can be compared with modern guys who have their own cars.
The first Soviet-made tape recorders were released in 1969. The manufacturer called it "Desna." The foreign prototype Philips EL-3300, developed in 1967, was taken as the basis. The main characteristics of the Desna cassette apparatus were the speed of rotation of the cassette tape - 4.76 cm / sec and its weight 1.8 kg. An additional component of the Desna is the power supply. The cost of this tape recorder was 220 rubles.
After some time, Soviet manufacturers began to create different models of tape recorders with improved characteristics. Yes, and the tapes themselves were constantly updated. According to citizens living in the USSR, the most popular tape recorders were Spring 207, Karpaty-202-1, Electronics 302, Nota and Mayak. Their price was limited to 100-200 rubles.
Which were produced?
In the Soviet Union, various types of cassette recorders were produced. Each of them had a lot of advantages and some disadvantages.
- Cassettes. Manual single-cassette mono recorders. In more advanced models there was a radio. The mechanism of the device worked on batteries, rewinding the cassettes was carried out manually.
- Two-cassette unit. In the Soviet Union, such models were released in a limited series. Their design assumed the presence of two decks for placing cassettes, so that the owner of the tape recorder could rewrite the audio from one medium to another. However, the Soviet government did not accept the principle of copying information, because of which a ban was placed on the production of dual-cassette recorders. But society was not upset at all. Thanks to deliveries from abroad, everyone could get similar models.
- Music Center. The presence of such an expensive device in the house, Soviet people tried not to advertise, because such a tape recorder was affordable only for crooks and illegal income earners.
- Car recorder. Some time after the development of tape products, manufacturers thought about equipping a car with this device.
The only inconvenience - upon arrival at the place it was necessary to completely remove the device and take it with you.
The presented designs of tape recorders were completely created at the Soviet factories. However, in the houses and apartments of citizens of the USSR there were foreign models, which it was not possible to purchase in the store. They were brought by sailors.
For example, a top-class sailor went on a business trip for several months. With the money he earned, he purchased goods in foreign ports, and then brought them home and sold them to resellers. Many citizens of the Soviet Union worked on a similar pattern. But, realizing that this activity is criminally punishable, they tried to be extremely careful.
Popular brands and models
During the Soviet era, many different types of tape recorders appeared. However, not all of them appealed to society. Huge demands on these units made young people. Teens in the 70s wanted to listen to loud music in excellent sound, without extraneous noise on portable devices. And their parents preferred to enjoy high-quality performance of their favorite works on a stationary tape recorder. We give a rating of the best cassette recorders of the Soviet era.
The manufacturer of this device was the Iskra factory. The first tape recorders came off the assembly line in the 77th year. They were portable devices equipped with a sound recording function. Thanks to the small size and modest design, they successfully fit into the home environment. And in anticipation of the Olympic Games of the 80th year, these products received another name - “Olympic Spring-201-stereo”. This change has affected the increase in the cost of tape recorders.
The development of these tape recorders began in 1984. The creators of the designs was Moscow TochMash. The main purpose of the presented models is the recording and reproduction of information on cassette tapes. The basis of these models was taken design "Electronics-301". The updated version received a number of interesting and convenient features. For example, a volume slider.
However, it was this innovation that most often failed, due to which manufacturers replaced them with angular switches.
The creation of this tape recorder was the Izhevsk Motor Plant. The first models of IL-302 came off the assembly line in 1982. The basis of their creation was taken design "Electronics-302". The main purpose of this model was to record information. In addition, these models were equipped with the ability to record data from microphones, television sets, sound amplifiers and broadcast lines. The recording process was controlled by a special dial indicator. Quite often, newspaper reporters used this particular device to record interviews.
The presence of rechargeable batteries allowed the recorder to be used as a portable device for 10 hours.
The production of this model was carried out by the factory "Aliot". These designs are endowed with the functions of recording and reproducing information from cassettes, microphones, televisions, radios, and receivers of various kinds. The system provided for automatic and manual recording adjustment. Quite often, "Electronics-211 stereo" was used in the professional field of journalists. With this device, they could interview, work in a noisy area, since the system is endowed with a noise reduction function.
A distinctive feature of this tape recorder model was its power supply. The equipment was powered by batteries, connected to a power outlet or the car's electrical system, so that the owner of the car could enjoy the music while driving.
This design is a fellow of the “211 stereo” model. Its release began in 1977. The product was intended for reading information from standard cartridges. In the system of the presented design, there was an adjustment of the tone of frequencies. Management was carried out automatically and manually.
A distinctive feature of this design was the presence of a temporary stop of the recording process. In addition, "Electronics-311-C" was equipped with several remote speakers responsible for high-quality sound.
Electronics-321 and 322
These designs belonged to a unique group of tape recorders. After all, in them the manufacturer concluded all the best and necessary for operation by Soviet people. Their designs were equipped with an improved drive, friction receiving units, cassette racks. In the model number "321" there was a stationary microphone.
Adjustment of the recording process was carried out both automatically and manually. Power was supplied from batteries and mains. Model number 322 was distinguished by the presence of a mobile microphone. Otherwise, there was no difference between the presented models.
All these tape recorders were of high quality and easily survived until the 90s, and some samples still function.
An overview of the cassette recorders of the USSR see in the next video.