When arranging the kitchen interior, it is very important to choose a dining table so that it harmoniously fits into the design of the room and at the same time fulfill all the functions assigned to it. Most housewives prefer wooden furniture - it is of high quality, practicality and durability. Let us dwell on the features of dining tables made of wood.
Advantages and disadvantages
A kitchen table is one of the necessary items in a furniture set, which not only gathers the whole family at dinner, but also allows the housewife to do some cooking work. Most often it is made of wood, as this natural raw material has many useful characteristics.
- Environmental Safety. Wood does not contain harmful and toxic substances, moreover, it has the ability to fill the air with essential oils and resins, which makes the microclimate in the room favorable and comfortable for all residents.
- Strength. Wood furniture for many years retains its original appearance, causing a long period of its operation. With proper care, such wood will serve faithfully for 50 and even more years, while any minor defects can be easily and quickly restored.
- Ease of use. The surface of a wooden dining table is usually warm, pleasant to the touch, and also quite functional and very practical.
- Matching any design. The right choice of size, shape and color of a wooden table can harmoniously fit into a variety of interiors, decorated in styles from Provence to hi-tech.
Well, and, of course, the number of undoubted advantages of kitchen furniture made of wood includes an extremely expensive and luxurious appearance, as well as the ability to apply carving, inlay, and create all kinds of decorative elements.
Among the shortcomings, it should be noted that a wooden table is not suitable for those families who dream of a kitchen in bright contrasting colors, since the shade of wood, not even processed, can not be called saturated. In this regard, plastic models are undoubtedly more colorful. Another significant drawback of wooden furniture is its cost. Wooden tables are priced much more expensive than plastic or made of MDF, and therefore they are not accessible to everyone. Kitchen furniture made of wood is usually quite massive and heavy, it is suitable only for spacious rooms, so be careful when choosing the necessary model of the product.
Each wood species is distinguished by its exclusive shades and structural patterns. The tree with light colors is represented by pine, alder, ash, larch, apple, pear, as well as birch. If you want to get dark furniture, you should opt for plum or wenge varieties.
Most often, dining tables are made of bleached oak or pine.
Despite the fact that the pine tree has a soft structure, it is still often used for the manufacture of kitchen tables - the products are cheap, and therefore are in high demand. In order to improve the operational characteristics of the material, the wood is additionally treated with special compounds, usually varnishes.
Furniture made of this material looks very noble, and any defects that appear over time are easily eliminated. For the manufacture of such tables, the tree is selected very carefully - any knots, chips and cracks are completely excluded.
The undoubted advantage of such furniture is that on surfaces made of pine, mold does not form, they are not susceptible to decay, even in wet conditions. Pine is hypoallergenic, it does not emit toxic substances, and therefore does not harm the inhabitants of the apartment.
Solid pine furniture can last several decades without changing its appearance. The pine has a unique color, which varies depending on the variety of conifers, but in any case, the shade and texture look elegant, fresh and rich.
In the more expensive segment, oak tables are leading. The advantages of this material include ease of decoration, durability, high moisture resistance, as well as resistance to decay processes. With proper care, oak furniture is not moldy and is not affected by fungus, even in wet conditions. Oak wood has an exquisite appearance; it looks good in spacious rooms, decorated in a classic style. The texture of this breed has a unique ornament and thereby emphasizes the status of its owner, its impeccable taste and style of the kitchen.
Oak tables are ideally preserved for several decades, without changing their technical and operational parameters, while in order to keep the coating in its original form, no effort is required.
It should be borne in mind that the oak tree does not like excessive moisture, therefore it should not be washed, but only wiped. In addition, the wood of this breed may crack over time due to temperature changes, so the oak table is usually not installed next to central heating batteries.
Also, kitchen tables are made from some other types of wood.
- Nut. A fairly durable material that does not crack and does not crack with time, has a beautiful texture and a pleasant shade. Wood belongs to quite expensive varieties, respectively, tables made of it have a high price.
- Linden. It has soft wood, is well cut and well processed. It is susceptible to infection by pests, therefore, it needs special treatment with protective compounds.
- Wenge. Extremely hard and durable material, with a unique texture, is resistant to moisture and mechanical stress, is priced quite expensive.
Shapes and sizes
The shape of the countertops is divided into rectangular, square, oval and round. Rectangular and square options are usually installed along the wall, making it easy to achieve significant space savings. All kinds of transformers harmoniously fit into this form.
The most popular model is a rectangular table with rounded edges. The optimal width of the table is 80-100 cm - if it is already narrow, then there may be difficulties with serving, and if wider - with seating people. The standard option for a typical Russian kitchen is 80x120 cm. If you install such a table near the wall with the wide side, then 4 people can easily fit behind it, and if it is narrow - 5. If you put such a table in the center of the room, it will be possible to seat 6- x people.
In recent years, oval tables have become increasingly popular, this form looks good even in small dining rooms. As a rule, they are combined with soft furniture corners. The undoubted advantage of such tables is the smoothness of the outlines, so the operation of such furniture is as safe as possible, which is especially true in homes with small children.
Oval tables are considered more comfortable from a psychological point of view. They seem to blur the boundaries between the assembled people, guests begin to feel more relaxed and comfortable. In addition, the absence of corners allows, if necessary, to fit a larger number of diners at the table.
Round tables are very convenient for domestic use - the form allows you to sit at the table with the whole family. However, such pieces of furniture require space, so the model is only suitable for a large kitchen.
It is believed that the round table rallies people, equates them to each other - it is no coincidence that all important negotiations are held precisely at the round table. As a rule, they are installed in the center of the kitchen so that everyone has an unhindered approach on either side. Round dining tables harmoniously look in any interior, you just need to choose the right size and shade of furniture.
From the point of view of design, wood tables can be solid non-separable and transformers. The first option involves strong, stable furniture, which throughout the entire period of use remains unchanged. In the second case, a miniature countertop can be converted into a plane of a much larger shape, as a rule, these are tables of sliding and folding type. This option is optimal for small kitchens.
The sliding mechanism involves the displacement of two parts of the countertop in the same plane and the installation of another flat element in the resulting space. For example, this way you can get an oval for 6-8 people from a round table for 4 people.
Folding table is better known among the people as a table-book. When folded, it looks more like an ordinary curbstone, but if necessary, the sidewalls mounted on hinges are very quickly transformed into tabletop elements and are fixed with additional legs. Usually folded, this design has a width of less than 50 cm, but when unfolded it reaches 2 meters.
How to choose?
A wooden table for the kitchen is chosen, first of all, taking into account the requirements of ergonomics of space. Experts recommend maintaining an approximate distance of 80 cm from the wall to the table, and passages of at least a meter should always remain near the dining group - only in this case users will be able to comfortably sit, stand and move chairs.
The shape of the table must necessarily correspond to the general design concept of the room and take into account the number of people who will have dinner here daily. So, round and oval products are more often chosen for a spacious kitchen, and owners of small rooms prefer square or rectangular models.
If the design involves an abundance of smooth transitions, then it is worth stopping on products with rounded edges. If the design of the room is repelled by laconic geometry, then the rectangular tabletop will be the right choice.
If you often receive guests, it is best to purchase a transformer model to increase the dining area at any time. In families with small children, it is important that the edges of the furniture are smooth, otherwise the risk of injury is sharply increased. As for the number of legs, it can be any (from 1 to 4) - these models do not differ functionally, the difference boils down to aesthetic perception.
In conclusion, we will give a few recommendations that will extend the life of your dining table made of wood.
- Maintain a microclimate in the kitchen at which the humidity level is 40-60%. To do this, use air humidifiers in the winter, and ventilate the room in the summer, otherwise the appearance of deformations and cracking is not excluded. For the same reason, after any wet cleaning, be sure to wipe the table with a dry, soft cloth.
- When exposed to wood in direct sunlight, it can change its color, simply burn out. Therefore, if the table is near the window, then try to darken it with curtains or special films.
- Do not use esters or alcohol-based cleaners. They dry the wood and damage the lacquer coating; it is advisable to use fluids based on silicone, oils or wax.
Separately, mention should be made of the need to periodically treat the tabletop with edible oils - this will protect it from deformation and the effects of microbes. To do this, rub the cleaned and well-dried surface with a woolen cloth moistened with oil.
It is advisable to carry out this procedure at night, since oiling takes at least 5 hours.
See below for more details.