In the botanical sense, the Uzambara violet - the Saint Paul of LE-Pauline Viardot - has nothing to do with violets. It belongs to the plants of the Gesneriev family and is one of the most popular indoor flowers. But since this definition has become familiar to our gardeners, we will adhere to this definition in the future.
Violet Pauline Viardot is one of the most beautiful indoor plants, which is distinguished by a colorful color of leaves and bright flowers of wine tones. The variety was bred by a famous breeder from the city of Vinnitsa Elena Lebedeva. It was this scientist who gave the world a great many of the most original plants, beloved by all fans of violets. The flower was introduced not so long ago - in 2012, but since then it has already won the "hearts and windows" of our compatriots.
The flower was named in honor of the legendary singer Polina Viardot of Spanish-French descent. She became famous not only for her vocal abilities, but also for her dizzying romance with Ivan Turgenev. It is well known that the Russian prose writer had the strongest feelings for this woman and often called him his muse.
A characteristic feature of the Saint Pauline Pauline Viardot is the rather large flowers of wine color.
In most cases, they look like “terry” stars with a wavy edge, reaching 8 cm in diameter. On each petal, a thin white border is noticeable, which effectively contrasts with the main shade of the leaf plates. This detail only emphasizes the sophistication and beauty of Saintpaulia.
Pauline Viardot's first flower stalk is usually just a preparation , with each successive bud becoming larger and larger. The Viardo outlet looks no less attractive. Its dimensions are also quite impressive, while the bright motley leaf plates are curved and held on elongated cuttings with a “spoon”, due to which the rosette of this unusual indoor flower sometimes seems a little loose.
It should be borne in mind that, despite the fact that the flower stalks are laid quite abundantly, it is almost impossible to achieve hat flowering. The fact is that on each of them usually no more than 3 peduncles are formed, as a rule, only 1-2 buds. LE-Polina blooms quite rarely - no more than once a year.
Keep in mind that an adult violet of this species will not produce buds until it grows a powerful full-fledged outlet, and this, in turn, is impossible without maintaining optimal living conditions: temperature, humidity, light exposure and fertilizer intake.
Violet Pauline Viardot is known for her moody temper. This plant shows its difficult character at any opportunity, although, in fairness, it should be noted that this applies only to situations associated with improper care of a green pet. For abundant flowering and the formation of a lush beautiful rosette, the Uzambara violet needs a long daylight hours, the right substrate, a suitable pot size, regular watering and the right fertilizers. The humidity level and temperature regime are only of secondary importance, although in the cold or, conversely, in the hot air, the senpolia begins to wither. This disadvantage can be offset by adequate ventilation in the room.
Saint Pauline Pauline Viardot requires a 12-15 hour daylight, which is why she needs additional highlighting from November to March. Usually, special luminescent or LED phytolamps are purchased for this. Most flower growers prefer the second option, since such lighting devices do not heat the air around the color, and from an economic point of view LED lamps are much more profitable. Keep in mind that the optimal glow temperature for uzambara violet varies from 4000K to 6200K. It is this level that is considered as close to natural insolation.
it is necessary to provide drainage holes: through them the excess South is not recommended, since in the summer period direct sunlight can cause burns. If there is no way to rearrange the flower, then it is worth a little darken it. To do this, you can stick a film or thin paper on the window.
Our grandmothers and great-grandmothers planted violets in rather voluminous pots, but with LE-Polina Viardot this approach cannot be called true: the senpolia does not like too spacious containers. Therefore, for cultivation, you should choose a pot whose diameter is 2-3 times smaller than the size of a flower outlet. The best option would be containers of 7-8 cm: in them the roots can fully develop and at the same time not suffer from an excessive amount of soil mixture.
Drainage holes must be provided in the pot: through them, excess water will be discharged into the sump. The soil should be loose, light, water and breathable. The composition of the substrate is selected depending on the type of irrigation. So, with top irrigation, the best option is a mixture of peat with perlite in a ratio of 2 to 1, and for wick it is better to choose both components in equal proportions. It is necessary to add crushed coal (wood or activated) and sphagnum moss to the soil mixture. They are antiseptics and will protect the plant from rot and other fungal infections.
Saintpaulia refers to plants that are extremely sensitive to waterlogging of the soil, while the danger is that all the adverse effects of the bay do not manifest themselves immediately, but only after some time has passed. An excess of moisture is especially dangerous during the hot season. In this case, violets often encounter bacteriosis, which spreads very quickly on green leaves and stems, which leads to an early death of the flower.
When organizing irrigation LE-Polina should follow some recommendations:
- for irrigation, use exclusively soft, settled or filtered water at room temperature;
- too hard water must certainly be softened; for this, it is diluted with oxalic acid in the proportion of 1/2 teaspoon per 5-6 liters of liquid;
- 15-30 minutes after watering, it is necessary to pour out all the moisture from the pan: with prolonged contact with the roots, it causes rotting of the roots.
A month after the acquisition or transplantation of LE-Polina, you can start the introduction of fertilizing. The plant responds well to mineral substances, which have a beneficial effect on its growth and abundant flowering. It is best to use off-the-shelf preparations. The most effective are Kemira Lux, as well as Royal Mix.
A little advice: when feeding, it is worthwhile to reduce the dosage of the drug by 2–4 times in comparison with the recommended in the instructions, but at the same time, fertilize yourself more often, especially at the time of flowering.
For the senpolia, it is very important to obtain the necessary amount of potassium and phosphorus, which affect the laying of buds on the peduncle.
The plant reacts poorly to extreme heat, but also does not tolerate coolness. The plant begins to hurt at temperatures above 25 degrees, while the minimum allowable lower heat level is 11-12 degrees.
Pauline Viardot does not tolerate drafts, so she should not be placed near balcony doors and frequently opened windows. In this case, the plant is deformed, and ugly spots appear on the leaves.
More about violets LE-Pauline Viardot, see the video below.