Lily is one of the most common flowering plants, which is valued for its beautiful appearance, as well as a peculiar aroma. Among all the plants that can be attributed to the group of lilies, the category of tubular lilies deserves special attention.
For those who are just planning to start growing these flowers, it will be useful to find out what features are inherent in tubular lilies, which varieties from the group are the most popular and what care rules should be observed during the growing process.
Tubular lilies are large-sized plants that can reach 2.5 meters in height . However, such growth indicators are inherent only to some species. If we talk about the average height of the flower, it should be noted that this indicator is approximately 80 centimeters.
This category of lilies is called tubular due to the fact that the base of the flower is elongated and resembles a tube in shape.
The tubular line category includes plants that have a variety of shapes , including cup-shaped, drooping and star-shaped. The stems of tubular lilies are durable even despite the fact that they are very thin in structure. In this case, the leaves have an elongated shape.
Tubular lilies are a fairly diverse group of plants in terms of color. So, among the flowers you can find almost any shade with the exception of blue and its various variations.
The structure of the flower petals is very dense, so they tolerate adverse weather events (for example, wind or rain).
Also, the fact that tubular lily flowers are quite large in size and can reach 18 centimeters can be attributed to the distinguishing characteristics of the plant. They differ in their intense and rich aroma, which must be taken into account primarily by those people who suffer from allergies and individual intolerance. On one flower there can be up to 6 petals.
In one inflorescence of tubular lily, 5 to 10 flowers can form.
It is important to note that they are not disclosed simultaneously, but in turn.
The flowering time of tubular lilies is the second half of summer. In this regard, plants can be classified as late flowering. Bulbs of tubular lilies are quite large in size.
That is why it is especially important when buying a plant to pay attention to the following characteristics:
- the minimum size of the bulbs should be about 3 centimeters in diameter (if you purchase smaller specimens, they may not survive);
- the bulbs of tubular lilies should be dense and elastic to the touch;
- externally, there should be no visible defects (for example, mold);
- the packaging of the plant should be without any damage.
Many gardeners choose tubular lilies due to the fact that these plants are capable of fairly long flowering. This characteristic is not characteristic of other categories of lilies.
So, some varieties of tubular lilies can bloom for a whole month. In addition, the plant is characterized by great endurance, not only in relation to adverse weather conditions , but also in relation to pests and diseases. It calmly tolerates winter.
To date, botanists distinguish several types of tubular lilies. Some of the varieties are natural, others are hybrids. Consider the most popular varieties.
- "Yellow Planets." This tubular lily has a bright yellow hue of flowers. The height of the plant can reach 120 centimeters, and the flowers themselves are directed upwards.
- "White planets." This lily is a classic representative of the family, because its flower has a snow-white color. At the base, the plant has a green tint, and in height it can reach 1.2 meters.
- Golden Splendor. This yellow flower is inferior in size to the plants described above, because as much as possible it can reach a height of only 100 centimeters. Moreover, on the outside, the lily petals have an unusual bronze tint.
- "African queen." Lily has large flowers (up to 15 centimeters in diameter) of a peach-orange hue.
Before embarking on a direct planting, it is important to make sure that the soil area meets all the necessary requirements. So, it should be noted that plants do not tolerate acidic or peaty soil. Also, do not allow excess moisture to accumulate in the ground.
The ideal planting conditions for the plant will be those sites that are as close as possible to the natural conditions in which flowers usually grow. The best option in this case is stony soil.
In addition, other soil options are suitable: sandy, calcareous (while it must have neutral or alkaline acidity) . In the event that the land on the site where you plan to plant a lily has acidic characteristics, this can be corrected by adding lime or ash.
In addition, when planting in open ground, it is important to choose the right place . An excellent option would be a site that is well lit by sunlight for most of the day.
If the place is too dark, then the buds of the plant will develop slowly.
As a place for planting, gardeners most often choose open spaces. It is also recommended to plant tubular lilies in elevated areas.
Before planting directly, special attention should be paid to soil preparation. So, in order to make a soil mixture, it is necessary to take the earth with sand and humus, small gravel and gravel (in this case, the proportions should be 4 to 1 to 1). Also, nitrogen-containing top dressings (for example, peat or compost) and ash should be added to the mixture.
The procedure for planting a tubular lily consists of the following steps:
- processing the bulb with a solution of potassium permanganate;
- the formation of a hole with a depth of 35 centimeters;
- falling asleep in the hole of the prepared soil mixture;
- putting the bulb into the hole;
- watering with cool water;
- mulching (for this, leaves and peat chips are usually used).
Please note that the distance between plants should be at least 15 centimeters.
Immediately after planting, lilies do not need special care. However, it should be borne in mind that every year the plant will require more attention . So, in the spring, immediately after the shoots have risen, it is necessary to fertilize the soil, namely, organic nitrogen-containing fertilizers (for example, compost or humus).
In the event that the air temperature drops below -3 degrees Celsius, the flowers need to be covered with fabric material.
However, if the air temperature is in the range from 0 to -3 degrees, then the plant should be allowed to temper . In summer (namely, in July), tubular lilies are recommended to be mulched with straw or hay. Such procedures have a beneficial effect on plant development, inhibit weed growth and help retain water in the ground.
Watering is recommended regularly - 2-3 times a week (in hot and arid climates, as well as in summer). After the flowering period ends, fruit boxes must be removed. It should also be borne in mind that during periods of intense rains (which is especially typical for autumn), the lily is cut and fed with ash.
Tubular lilies have the ability to propagate by seed. However, usually this method is not used in gardening. The thing is that this procedure is quite lengthy and time-consuming, it consumes a large amount of strength and energy. Seed propagation is resorted to only if they are trying to breed a new plant variety.
An adult plant (which has been growing on your site for at least 3 years) can be propagated using bulbs. To do this, they dig a flower and examine its bulb. Usually, at the age of 3, the plant has not only its own (so-called maternal) bulb, but also several additional ones. For the cultivation of tubular lily, such processes are separated and planted independently in separate areas according to all the rules described above.
The breeding procedure is best carried out in the autumn. In the spring, propagation can be carried out if the height of the mother plant does not exceed 10 centimeters. Otherwise, new tubers will not take root.
Diseases and Pests
As for diseases and pests, it should be noted that tubular lilies belong to the category of plants that have an average level of resistance. That is why it is very important to pay special attention to plant health .
So, botanists, as well as experienced gardeners note that the plant can be influenced by pests such as lily flares, spider mites, mealybugs, field voles, and insects.
In order to protect the plant from these pests, it is necessary to prepare a special infusion of wormwood.
So, one third of a bucket of ground wormwood, a glass of wood ash, a piece of laundry soap and 100 grams of sulfur are poured with boiling water and aged for 8 hours. With this solution it is necessary to spray the plant (0.5 cups per 1 bucket of water).
In addition to pests, diseases can also negatively affect the tubular lily. Among the most common are fusarium and gray rot. To prevent these ailments, it is recommended to treat the flower with a solution of potassium permanganate or any fungicide (for example, formalin or Bordeaux liquid).
Landscape designers often use different varieties of tubular lilies as an accent element of a flower bed.
The following plants look good in compositions with lilies:
- phlox (especially finely colored);
In this case, plants of identical, similar or completely contrasting shades can be used.
Tips for growing lilies from an experienced gardener in the video below.