To decorate the infield, as well as creating landscaping, flowering crops have always been especially in demand. Popular representatives of such plants include rejected marigolds, the features of which allow you to create beautiful flowerbeds and flower arrangements in the open ground with their help.
Marigolds, in the light of their high decorative qualities, are very much in demand in projects relating to landscaping and decoration of territories. A native culture from America, however, is planted in open ground, on window sills and loggias around the world. In the wild, flowers can be found in Brazil, Mexico, Argentina. Tagetes is the second name for a flowering culture . It is found in horticulture and floriculture in a large number of hybrid species and varieties, among them plants of French origin stand out - tagetes patula L rejected.
Annuals form an erect stem, the height of which can vary in the range from 15 to 50 centimeters, in addition, the culture develops lateral shoots deviated to the sides, which determined the name of this flower. The main difference from erect species is precisely the structure of the stem. In the latter, it becomes stiff with age, after which one flower develops on it. The difference is also observed in the size of the crop and the diameter of the flowers. The green mass of marigolds is dissected, with lanceolate lobes and serrated edges. The leaves can grow on the shoots alternately or the opposite.
The inflorescence is presented in the form of a small basket, the diameter of which is no more than 6 centimeters. The flower wrapper consists of one row of fused leaves with sharp tops. Marigolds bloom in orange, yellow, brown-brown, maroon, vanilla cream, lemon flowers, in some species the color may be two-tone. After flowering, the seed box ripenes in the plant.
Deviated marigolds are not distinguished by special requirements regarding growing conditions, however, the appearance of the crop, especially in the flowering phase, will directly depend on the level of illumination of the place where it is cultivated. Due to the endurance in any conditions, such flowers are very often planted near highways, as well as in infertile soil. Most varieties are frost-resistant, so they retain their viability even during spring or autumn nighttime temperature drops to minus points.
In addition to flower beds, marigolds can be successfully grown in large pots, crates and containers, in light of which plants are quite in demand as a decorative flora.
Since marigolds rejected include several dozen varieties of flowering culture, they are usually divided into a number of groups. Classification occurs according to the size of the plant:
- tall annuals - more than 60 centimeters, with non-double inflorescences;
- medium - not exceeding a height of half a meter, with terry inflorescences;
- low - plants ranging in size from 20 to 40 centimeters, with different types of inflorescences;
- midgets - no more than 20 centimeters high.
Marigold inflorescences are also divided into three main types:
Among the popular varieties of annuals, one should single out such varieties.
Culture in the process of growth forms a sprawling bush up to half a meter high, with highly developed branched shoots. The predominant color of the shoots will be green, with a burgundy bloom. Ribbed foliage, semi-double inflorescences, in diameter do not exceed 5 centimeters. The color of the flowers is yellow. The plant enters the flowering phase quite early, as a rule, the first marigolds appear in June.
Miniature culture, its height is about 20 centimeters. Tagetes of this variety are distinguished by the abundance of leaves of saturated green color. Terry inflorescences, their diameter does not exceed 3-4 centimeters, color - golden, with red reed flowers. Culture blooms from the first weeks of June until the fall.
The variety can be cultivated both in open ground and in pots on the balcony.
In this variety, inflorescences will be larger than in other flowers, their diameter will be 7-8 centimeters, with a red-bronze color. Flowers under the influence of ultraviolet light can slightly change their color, acquiring a brown tint.
The culture will grow small in height, with actively developed branching shoots, the plant itself will have rounded outlines. Terry inflorescences, foliage saturated green, with red ribs. The flowers are bright yellow. A universal plant that is suitable for cultivation in any conditions.
The plant consists of strong shoots, a large amount of greenery and small chrysanthemum-shaped inflorescences. The flowers will have a tubular shape of orange petals with red strokes.
The variety will bloom in the first weeks of June.
A large and sprawling bush, the height of which can reach 60-70 centimeters. The flowers are brownish red. Culture shows itself well in cutting, begins to bloom quite early - from the first weeks of June.
Annuals do not stand out for their size, an adult bush will grow by 30-35 centimeters, while the plant in the flowerbed will look pretty neat and compact. Terry inflorescences, with red spots.
The culture is suitable for growing on the site or on the veranda or loggia.
"Aluminum" blooms with vanilla cream flowers in seedlings. The bush grows to a height of 20-30 centimeters. The plant tolerates small frosts, as well as various adverse conditions, so the culture can be planted in open ground at the end of May.
The plant is a beautiful and compact bush with erect shoots and branched side stems. The variety is distinguished by large inflorescences reaching a diameter of 20 centimeters. The flowers are painted in orange-yellow color, in the light of which the variety is often called the "two-color giant."
The plant can be grown on flower beds, in containers and pots.
In addition to the above varieties of rejected marigolds, flower growers are actively growing the following crops:
- Bonanza flame
- Rusty Red
- Durango Red;
- Bonanza Gold
- Bonanza Harmony
- Bonanza Orange
- Bonanza Yellow;
- "Petit a mixture of colors."
Landing and care
Cultivation of marigolds involves sowing seeds directly into the open ground or for pre-growing seedlings indoors. At the flowerbed, work can be carried out in May, as a rule, after a week and a half, you can expect the appearance of the first shoots. To protect young seedlings from frost, planting in open ground involves covering the flowerbed with non-woven material.
Crops are distinguished by good resistance to changes in conditions in the open field, however, they require compliance with certain requirements for care and placement.
When growing marigolds in open ground, areas with nutrient-rich soil with neutral acidity should be selected. To make the land most suitable for growing flowers, sand and peat, as well as mineral complex fertilizers, can be added to it. The place should be selected depending on the size of the planted variety. As a rule, miniature cultures prefer to root in the center of flower beds or along paths. Also, small flowering bushes are more suitable for cultivation in pots.
Despite its unpretentiousness, marigolds will develop well only with a sufficient level of lighting, in addition, cultures need warmth.
When planning an annual planting, it is best to stay on the sunny garden areas and loggias located from the east or south.
Young rejected marigolds will require special attention from the gardener regarding moisture. At first, to build green mass, plants will need regular and plentiful watering. Also, the moisture level will play an important role when laying buds. By mid-summer, the frequency and abundance of watering can be reduced, since flowering crops can better cope with drought than with waterlogging, which can cause root decay.
Young marigolds are watered daily in the spring and until mid-summer; after the introduction of moisture, it is recommended to loosen the ground in order to establish aeration. In addition to watering, care for marigolds requires the removal of faded buds and dry foliage. To stimulate growth and increase the decorativeness of the flowerbed, you can trim the plants. Such work is usually carried out in the summer.
Regular fertilizers have a positive effect on plant health. For rejected marigolds, it is recommended to use complex mineral formulations intended for flowering garden crops.
Pest and Disease Control
As the experience of growing marigolds shows, their main advantage is immunity to most ailments and resistance to attacks by insect pests. This is due to the presence of phytoncids in plants, which scare away many insects. However, the peculiarities of weather conditions or other nuances can provoke the development of putrefactive processes not only in the roots, but also in the inflorescences of the culture. To normalize the condition of plants, you should adjust the soil moisture level in the flower bed, if necessary, transplant the crops.
As for prolonged drought, a spider mite may appear on the flowers. To combat the pest, first of all, it is necessary to increase the humidity, for this it is recommended to spray the flowers several times a day, especially in the summer. As another effective method of pest control, gardeners use spraying with onion infusion, as well as a decoction of yarrow or hot red pepper. Slugs and snails can also attack crops. Their presence can be found on the shiny tracks on the leaves.
To combat the pest, individuals should be manually removed, and crops and soil treated with ash or mustard solution.
Marigolds can be affected by a black leg, especially young cultures. A sign of the disease is the appearance of a whitish coating on the stem, which subsequently darkens, and the affected part begins to rot. Such a disease cannot be treated, so infected cultures will need to be dug up and burned. Soil after plants is subject to disinfection. As a preventive measure to reduce the risk of plant damage by such a disease, is the treatment of seed before planting fungicides together with the soil, in which it is planned to grow flowering crops.
Adult marigolds may suffer from root rot. The manifestations of the disease will be yellow leaves, as well as the slow growth of annuals. Such cultures cannot be treated, they are also removed. In this situation, the correct care for the flower bed will become a preventive measure . It boils down to rooting flowers in loose soil, regular moistening, eliminating an excess of moisture in the soil, as well as introducing organic matter as top dressing.
The culture is propagated by seeds, they can be sprouted with seedlings or sown immediately in the ground.
You can grow seedlings of marigolds rejected from the first weeks of April, such crops will bloom in June. Seeds can be germinated at home or in the greenhouse. For growing, containers with a substrate consisting of humus, peat, turf land and sand will be required. For the appearance of sprouts, the seeds will need a temperature in the range of + 18-22 degrees, as well as regular, but moderate hydration as the soil dries. Suitable pots for seedlings will be pots, and even boxes, on the bottom of which a drainage layer is laid, and holes should be made in the container to allow excess moisture to escape. Seedlings can be planted in the garden in May.
Seeds in open ground are planted in specially made grooves, at a distance of a couple of centimeters from each other. Deepen the planting material into the ground by no more than 2 centimeters. Such crops may bloom a little later, but will no less actively develop subsequently.
Immediately in the ground, seeds of rejected marigolds are planted in May-June.
Beautiful examples in garden design
Marigolds, due to their bright color and expressive flowering, can become an excellent component of flower beds, standing out from other cultures. Orange flowers will contrast perfectly with any plantations, forming a beautiful composition of fresh herbs and colorful blooms.
No less expressive will be flower beds in the garden, where marigolds will be the main and only culture. Juicy greens and a riot of colors will be the "highlight" of the entire landscape design, guaranteed to attract attention to itself with the beauty and originality of the flora.
About sowing marigold seedlings described in the next video.