Planning the environment and thinking through interior design yourself is not easy, especially when it comes to a kitchen area of only 6 square meters. Often, such small kitchens are in old apartments, the layout of which is such that it is not possible to expand the kitchen room by deconstructing the wall. Then design solutions come to the rescue to visually increase the space.
Planning an area of 6 square meters is not an easy task. A small kitchen is a characteristic feature of many old buildings of the Khrushchev type. In the current realities, they are trying to expand such rooms, using all kinds of tricks. Such small kitchens have a number of features. Depending on one characteristic or another, one should plan how to spend precious “squares”.
With a balcony
If the kitchen is combined with a balcony or a loggia, there is a wide scope for imagination. Depending on whether the balcony is glazed or not, it is worth making a plan. First of all, the idea to combine the kitchen and the balcony comes to mind, but this option is only suitable if the balcony is insulated and glazed. So, you will be able to expand the space and at the same time make it more interesting. If the balcony is glazed, but you don’t want to demolish the wall, you can move the cooking zone to the loggia , leaving only the dining area in the kitchen itself. If the balcony is unglazed and bright, and the door opens into the kitchen, then the most logical way is to curtain it with a curtain to the floor, completely hiding the entire window block.
If there is not enough light, then you can even leave the window and door without curtains.
Geysers are a common attribute in small kitchens. To disguise it, you need to apply a little imagination. You can decorate a column by making it part of a common stop. However, a more common option is when the column is “hidden” in one of the wall cabinets. This option looks aesthetically pleasing, and also helps to make the overall appearance of a small kitchen more harmonious.
With washing machine
In "Khrushchev" there is a shortage not only with space in the kitchen, but also in the whole apartment. A small combined bathroom does not allow the washing machine to be placed in the usual place, so it is often moved to the kitchen. In this case, it is recommended to install the machine near the sink so that there are no problems with the passage of water . The machine must be built into the kitchen itself. In most cases, it is removed under the countertop so that the space from above can also be used. When planning your kitchen remodeling, do not forget to take into account those things that cannot be used in such small spaces, and the most winning design moves.
What do you need?
There are several life hacks that will help visually increase the space in a small kitchen.
- It is worth using light colors. The well-known saying that “white is fat” is relevant here. Creamy, powdery, light purple will cope with the task of expanding the space no worse.
- If you do not mind making the project more original and bold , you can leave one wall unfurnished and use a mirror on it instead of wallpaper. As a result, the area literally doubles. Of course, only visually.
- Use ceiling-height furniture. It's about hanging drawers. This will allow you to allocate more space for storing spices, dishes and other important trifles.
Important! Pay close attention to the choice of materials for wallpaper, floor and ceiling - they should also be mostly light.
In addition to recommendations that will make the room larger, there are things that can "eat" the available area.
- Too bright colors visually squeeze the space. Try not to put more than one accent on the room.
- The same applies to dark objects. If you have always dreamed of a black kitchen, then install it in a small kitchen 2 by 3 square meters. m is not a good idea.
- Do not forget about lighting. The lighter the room, the more spacious and airy the common space seems. Using only one chandelier in the center is a bad option.
- Do not use decor or decoration elements with huge or, on the contrary, too small details in a small kitchen. Wallpaper in a large flower is clearly not suitable here. Try to choose objects with vertical patterns that visually "lift" the ceiling.
We choose materials for decoration
You can choose any materials that you find most preferred. Of particular note is their texture. Matte objects seem softer and more comfortable, but they will not help to create the illusion of expansion. Gloss is a completely different matter, since it has the following features:
- glossy surfaces are easier to clean;
- they look more modern;
- since they reflect light, it feels like the room is larger.
Important! Choose glossy surfaces and finishes whenever possible.
It is also important that the materials are practical. For example, you should not choose the finish that is traditionally found only in the bedroom, for example, carpet on the floor. Make sure that surfaces are easy to care for. Since we are talking about finishing, this aspect is especially important. Indeed, the appearance of the kitchen in a few years depends on how well the material is preserved. If splashes of grease or stains from ketchup cannot be quickly removed from some texture, there will be no neat look.
There are not many wishes for the floors in the small kitchen. It is necessary that they are not slippery and at the same time wash well. Here, ceramic tiles come to the rescue. In general, tile floors in the kitchen are a classic of the genre. However, in small rooms, several conditions must be observed so that they look harmonious.
- Choose relatively light materials. Of course, black floors look stylish, but in a small kitchen they will look out of place. It is better to stay on the nut color.
- Imitation of a tree always looks advantageous.
And it will also be interesting to look like a stone floor, for example, with a marble effect.
In addition to tiles, it is also worth paying attention to linoleum. This option is budgetary, but when buying material, try to choose the type for commercial use. The floors in the kitchen are intensively exploited, the furniture in it is heavy, so household linoleum will not retain its attractive appearance for a long time, and commercial, on the contrary, will not deteriorate for a long time.
An unshakable rule of repair in small dining rooms is that ceilings should appear high. So, it is worth abandoning matte coatings, for example, from plaster. The glossy stretch ceiling will look much more harmonious here. Besides the fact that it will reflect light and thereby make the room brighter, it will also expand the space, since it has a mirror effect. Partially reflected, the room looks larger. Another significant plus for the kitchen is ease of cleaning. Stretch ceilings can be washed gently so that grease and other fumes can be easily removed from their surface. They do not absorb odors.
A common option is to use a tile ceiling in the kitchen. Choosing this cheaper alternative, try to choose glossy plastic panels to achieve a visual expansion effect. So the room will look more attractive. The big plus of the panels is that if one tile deteriorates, then you do not have to change the entire ceiling - you can change only a part.
The zone located above the stove is often melted, and the possibility of selective dismantling and replacement will save you a lot of money.
When choosing material for the walls, the main thing is to choose washable ones. It can be either wallpaper or tile. It is not recommended to choose ordinary paint, since no matter how well the walls are painted, they are still easily scratched and deteriorated. For small kitchens, this is especially important, since there is not enough space, and people will often touch the walls. Painted surfaces will quickly lose their appearance.
During repair, most people try to combine materials, covering most of the walls with washable wallpaper , and installing a tiled apron over the sink and along the working surfaces. By the way, it can not only assemble from tiles, as they did before. Now aprons are made of organic glass and beautifully decorated, depicting landscapes, still lifes, and sometimes panoramas of cities on them. For a small kitchen, as for any other, the main thing when choosing materials is their practicality.
Use common sense when buying, then you will be able to choose the right options.
Obviously, light colors are suitable for small-sized kitchens, but there are also some nuances here. You can not make a small kitchen completely dark, especially if it is not very well lit, otherwise you risk making the interior uncomfortable, gloomy, cramped. Since they spend a lot of time in the kitchen, this will not contribute to a pleasant pastime and confidential conversations. In general, it will be useful to study the psychological effect of color on a person and furnish the kitchen in those shades that are right for you. For example, if you want to lose weight - you definitely should not put red accents in the dining room, it is better to stay in deep blue, as it dulls the appetite. If the kitchen is also part of your office, then select the purple and violet tones that stimulate the brain.
Yellow shades will cheer up and set in a positive way, green - soothe.
There are a number of colors that are better than others for arranging a small room. It is worth focusing on them.
Delicate pastel colors are ideal in cases where it is necessary to refresh the atmosphere, make the room more airy and spacious. A large palette of various shades allows you to design a room for every taste. Pastel colors can be any. It is not uncommon when light gray or brown is also pastel. The lighter the color, the better. Well, when there is a feeling that he is a little powdered - as if whitened. These unusual effects are suitable for all small rooms without exception, including the kitchen.
Among the undisputed favorites in the design of small kitchen is purple. It gives the room a delicate and at the same time sophisticated look. At the same time, purple has a beneficial effect on appetite, normalizing it. The only negative is the easily soiled color, all spots will be immediately noticeable on the surfaces. And also for small kitchens, they often choose light blue or mint, because such colors can refresh the atmosphere.
In this case, it is not worthwhile to dwell on only one color: the color duo looks much more spectacular.
The lightest color is white, so it is not surprising that he copes best with the function of visual expansion of space. This color was placed in a separate category, since a whole cult has already formed around the white kitchen. This applies not only to large kitchens, but also to small ones. White color looks good both there and there.
Often, housewives stop at the boiling-white kitchen set and the atmosphere in general , but this is highly discouraged if you do not resort to daily maid services. All light colors get dirty quickly. White kitchen, and even made of non-gloss materials, can become a real nightmare for the hostess.
However, it cannot be denied that such an idea looks spectacular and beautiful.
To make the kitchen more comfortable, it is better to choose not boiling white, but milk or slightly beige. Such warm colors will create the right atmosphere. You should not do everything white. It’s better to add variety with a contrasting color.
As mentioned above, it is highly discouraged to use dark shades when arranging a small kitchen, but there are rules to break them. When used correctly, dark tones help to make the room deeper and visually expand it. This applies to vertical and horizontal lines. For example, making the apron darker will deepen the space. If you take not the most contrasting color, it will turn out to make this transition soft and delicate. In the case of sharply contrasting colors, this approach may also work, but in these cases you need to set the backlight over the hob. Light will help to deepen niches even more, and it will seem that the kitchen is more spacious than it really is.
Sometimes thin vertical stripes are enough to visually make a room bigger. You can separate the boxes with contrasting colors and duplicate them, emphasizing the height of the room with the help of doorways, paintings. Working with dark shades in small rooms requires experience, so if you are not sure that you can accent, as you need, it is better to abandon this venture.
Moreover, you can make small-sized kitchen using bright colors.
The danger of working with bright colors is the same as when working with dark ones - there is a risk of making an already small room even smaller, stealing comfort from it. However, there is still less risk, since bright colors can be not only dark, but also light. In this case, it will still be necessary to add bright colors, otherwise there is a risk of overloading an already small space too much. To do this, you can use a light apron, contrasting with a bright kitchen.
When it comes to a bright kitchen set, you can choose both cool and warm colors, but cool ones will add more space to the room. It will seem to have become more airy. For this reason, designers recommend sticking with blue, green, cold lemon shades. As you can see, there is a lot of room when choosing the color scheme of the kitchen with an area of only 6 square meters.
Do not be afraid to experiment, but adhere to the basic rules, then the result will surely please you.
There are several styles in which you can design a room, and the result is likely to turn out to be successful. This is mainly about modern styles, since it was recently that people felt an acute shortage of square meters in their apartments and urgently began to make every free inch of their home functional.
Some of the traditional styles are also well suited for decorating a small kitchen , but such ideas can only be realized by a professional designer. By embarking on their implementation on your own, you risk spoiling the general appearance of the room, since in every style decision there are such nuances that only a professional knows about. In order not to lose money, choose a modern project, then you are guaranteed to be able to equip the kitchen well, equip it with everything you need and you won’t have to worry about how this or that innovative thing will fit into your faithful interior.
And also you can save money, since antique-styled furniture costs several times more.
This style is more suitable than others for the design of small kitchens. She welcomes what is necessary in conditions of limited space - straight, clear lines, empty glossy spaces, built-in furniture. In addition, the colors in minimalism also play into the hands of a small kitchen, as they visually help move the walls apart. It uses white, black, gray and rarely brown tones. When creating an environment in a minimalist style, it is important to remember that there should be only one color accent. An unusual carpet, a bright chair or a neon lamp - all that is allowed when it comes to diluting black and white. But cleaning in such a kitchen is a pleasure.
All utensils are cleaned in built-in wardrobes, and all you have to do is wipe the surfaces with a damp cloth.
High-tech style incorporates many features of minimalism. So, here the clarity of lines and simplicity of colors are also welcomed, but an important difference is in additional elements. In minimalism, all household appliances are hidden in built-in wardrobes, here it is on display. It is important to pay close attention to the choice of technology. It should not only be comfortable and practical, but also stylish, looking modern. For example, a classic gas stove with an enameled hob does not fit this style. You will need to find either a stove of steel color, or use an induction hob. The same applies to the washing machine: it will be necessary to choose an apparatus of gray steel color.
In general, whenever possible, all equipment should be tried to choose so that it looks ultramodern and urban.
Art Nouveau is characterized by the use of a large number of light sources. The kitchen should be furnished in bright colors. Here we must not forget about the decor: in the modernist rooms interesting abstract sculptures and unusual chandeliers are used. The bar counter will look good, as it is an integral attribute of style.
The rack can be supplemented with plastic or leather chairs with metal legs.
To equip the kitchen in the Art Nouveau style, you will need to use all your imagination. It’s not so easy to place all the elements of style in a tiny kitchen. The biggest problem is the choice of furniture. Art Nouveau allows the use of plastic chairs with a smooth surface, but soft chairs and sofas are still preferable. You can put a soft corner and complement it with plastic chairs. Get a harmonious ensemble.
Provence and Country
Perhaps this is the only traditional style in which you can safely furnish a small kitchen. This also includes country, as they are similar in characteristics. Only color schemes differ. So, Provence is characterized by the use of light, pastel colors. A lot of textiles, cozy pottery, natural materials for furniture - this is all Provence. The technique should look like you got it from your grandmother.
Nowadays, refrigerators, ovens, antique-style hobs are sold everywhere.
Country bright, mainly patchwork is used here for decoration. It is advisable to use decorative elements that are as similar as possible to manual work or are it. All furniture is mainly made of wood, but you can use options that mimic natural material. The main thing is that as a result the interior looks natural, rustic.
Furniture selection and placement
Choosing and arranging furniture for a small kitchen is not an easy task, if only because in a limited space you need to place all the necessary working areas, as well as the dining part. At the same time, the placement should be such that everything is at hand and at the same time does not interfere with the person moving around the kitchen. Equip the kitchen in 6 square meters. m better built-in furniture and appliances, then on flat upper surfaces it will be possible to equip a space for work. The choice is best to stop on glossy models, if we are talking about a furniture set.
Technique should choose a powerful, but compact. This is especially important when choosing a hood. If she cannot cope with the heat from the stove and oven, then it will be impossible to be in the kitchen. You can arrange furniture in two ways: L-shaped and in line. Linear arrangement is suitable for narrow and long kitchens, and L-shaped - for more rectangular.
In the line
Lining up furniture has the following advantages:
- most of the kitchen will be freed up, where you can place the dining area;
- in a small kitchen, you don’t have to travel a long distance to get from one working area to another, for example, take a pot to the sink to drain water after cooking pasta);
- without problems, you can install equipment with doors folding down, and also not worry that opening doors will interfere with something, which is very convenient when installing a washing machine, for example.
Important! This approach is justified only if you have a long kitchen, since it will be problematic to place all objects (a refrigerator, cooking cabinets, sink, stove and others) along a wall in a rectangular room.
The L-shaped arrangement is more familiar, but there is less room for maneuver. So, you have to rack your brains to figure out where it is better to set the dining table and how to make it so that it does not interfere. However, in some kitchens, another arrangement is simply not possible. With an L-shaped arrangement, the refrigerator is often taken out to the hall or hallway, although it can no less successfully be placed at any of the "ends" of the letter G. It will not work to put it in the corner, since a sink is traditionally placed there.
And also it will be inconvenient, since you have to lay a place to open the doors.
There are a huge number of beautiful decor options for a small kitchen of 6 square meters. m
Apartment "Brezhnevka" may also have a small area of the kitchen, but it will not be so striking because of the high ceilings. However, it is better to refrain from using dark colors, and also not to make the kitchen flashy and bright.
Scandinavian style combines the features of cozy minimalism and eco-style. Characteristic features are natural materials and many indoor flowers in ceramic pots.
The linear layout, as well as the minimalist style, is ideal for a kitchen with a small quadrature. Thus, the illusion of a larger space is achieved, since part of the kitchen remains unoccupied.
You can use dark accents in the decor. The use of a large number of vertical and horizontal stripes will distract attention from a small area, while making the interior more dynamic and interesting.
Useful life hacks for a small kitchen in the next video.