The decorative deciduous weigel shrub is appreciated among gardeners for its unusual appearance and unpretentiousness in care. Special aesthetics boasts a variety of "Nana Purpurea", characterized by red-brown foliage. In order for the bush to decorate the site for as long as possible, one should competently approach its conditions of detention.
In nature, a plant can grow in the Primorsky Territory of our country, in the north of China and in Japan. The presented variety is a small perennial shrub, the height of which is 70-150 cm. Under favorable conditions, the plant will be up to 2 m in size. The culture grows slowly, but has a beautiful neat rounded crown. The annual growth is 15 cm.
The leaves are oval and have short petioles; the color of the foliage is purple, greening throughout the season. Therefore, the plant has a decorative look at any time of the year. Flowering is the dissolution of dark pink tubular flowers with a yellow center. In length, the flowers reach 5 cm, in diameter - 2-5 cm. One inflorescence has 3-5 flowers.
Flowering begins in late May or early June and continues until the end of the next month. In autumn, it is possible to observe the second wave. This representative of the flora is considered a good honey plant and therefore often attracts pollinating insects. The frost resistance of the variety is average, which means that when grown in the middle lane, it is necessary to insulate it for the winter.
Both flowers and green mass have decorative properties, and therefore this variety can be used for point decoration of the lawn, for the formation of living fences.
For a special variety of colors, it is recommended to plant the variety "Nana purpurea" next to other varieties of weigela.
Planting is carried out in the spring, when the soil is well warmed up. Most often it is April-May. As planting material using a three-year specimen. If the seedling is purchased in the fall, then it is buried in the ground in an inclined position, and sawdust, peat or humus are introduced from above.
When choosing a place for landing, give preference to sunny areas, but it is possible to plant at partial shade, for example, under a rare crown of a tree . If the plant feels a deficit of the sun, it will lose its aesthetic color and forms less inflorescences. A place will be suitable next to a fence or a building that will protect a young fragile seedling from destructive gusts of wind.
This variety does not impose strict requirements on the soil, therefore, as a substrate, you can use a mixture of humus, sand and turf in a ratio of 2: 2: 1.
The culture will feel especially comfortable in the soil, which passes water and air well. The plant may not be able to stand stagnant moisture, therefore, when planting in heavy soil, it is necessary to dilute it with coarse sand and organize a drainage system.
The process of planting in open ground is as follows.
- Dig a 60 cm deep landing pit.
- At the bottom lay out a drainage layer of 15 cm, gravel and sand can be used.
- The next layer is a mixture of sheet earth, sand and compost.
- Remove the seedling from the container. Carefully smooth out the root system and place it in a hole so that the root neck is not deepened.
- Fill the roots with soil.
- Moisturize the landing site liberally.
It is not so difficult to take care of the plant, but it is also impossible to run it. The health of the seedling and the beauty of the garden plot depend on proper care. Cultivation consists of the following steps.
The bush needs watering in early spring after the dry weather has settled . One copy must be supplied with water in a volume of 8-10 liters. During the season, the site is moistened as the soil dries. When watering, use settled water during the day.
The presented variety is well related to top dressing. In spring, you can fertilize the plant with a mixture of urea, potassium salt and superphosphate - this composition will allow you to recover faster after winter frosts.
The next top dressing is introduced in June during the formation of buds - during this period phosphorus-potassium mixtures should be used in a volume of 30 g per 1 m2.
After each watering, it is advisable to loosen the soil and remove weeds. It is impossible to loosen too deep, 8 cm is enough. To keep moisture in the soil for as long as possible, and weeds to grow as little as possible, the trunk circle is mulched, and wood sawdust with a layer of 10 cm is used as mulch.
Pruning is quite rare - once every 2-3 years. This is due to the slow growth of the culture. The formation of the crown is carried out after the completion of flowering. To rejuvenate the specimen, he removes the stems that are more than 3 years old, and the rest is shortened by 1/3.
Sanitary pruning is carried out every year - in the spring, in this case dry, damaged, frozen branches are eliminated.
To prepare for the winter cold in the fall, the culture is abundantly watered, after which the shoots are tied and laid on the ground . It is desirable to mulch the trunk circle - a layer of mulch will protect the roots from freezing. Suitable, for example, humus or sawdust. From above it is necessary to organize a shelter from any nonwoven material - it will protect the bush until spring. Do not use polyethylene as a shelter - this material does not allow moisture and air to pass through.
- Of the insects, weigel most often attacks aphids. To cope with the problem will help preparations "Spark" or "Karbofos." Folk remedies, for example, an infusion of garlic or ground pepper, can also be a good defense. Sometimes the plant becomes a victim of gray rot, rust and spotting. These ailments can occur with high humidity.
Bordeaux liquid or a solution of copper oxychloride will help to save a copy. Reprocessing is carried out in a couple of weeks.
The variety presented can be propagated by several methods.
This is the most popular way. As planting material, use green cuttings 10-15 cm long, which contain at least two sheets. At selected samples, leaf blades are cut or shortened and the shoots are left overnight in a growth stimulator in a dark and warm room. Next, the cuttings are planted in a container, covered with glass on top, plants are regularly watered and aerated. Roots should form in a month, and specimens can be planted in a permanent place after 1.5 years. Flowering can be observed only in biennial plants.
The essence of this method is to bend one of the low shoots to the ground and strengthen it, for example, with a bracket. The place of nailing is instilled and moistened regularly. Next spring it will be a full-fledged seedling, which can be transplanted to a permanent place in 2.5-3 years.
Fresh sowing material is used for sowing, since this is the one that has the maximum germination - the longer the seeds are stored, the less prospects there are for a successful result. Seeds collected in autumn are dried on paper and stored in a dry, dark place until spring. Sowing is carried out in containers in shallow furrows or superficially with powder. Next, the container is covered with glass and placed in a warm room. The first sprouts can be observed after 2-3 weeks.
After the formation of the second pair of leaves, seedlings dive, and too dense plantings are thinned out. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place after 2 years.
For more details on how weigel blossoms and care features, see below.