The choice of glazing a balcony must be approached very responsibly. The further operation of the room and its functionality depend on this. It is necessary to determine not only the material of the frames and their color, but also directly with the glazing. It can be cold or warm. The last option will be discussed.
Advantages and disadvantages
More recently, balcony rooms and loggias were intended exclusively for storing various items that could not find a place in the apartment. It could be a bicycle, cans, spins, vegetables, old clothes, a stepladder and other things.
Many apartment owners still continue to use their balconies for this purpose, but now they have a choice. The room can be used as a warehouse or turn it into a full and functional room. On the construction market today there is a huge number of different materials with which you can beautifully finish the balcony block both inside and outside.
In the design of a cozy and practical room, one of the most important roles is played by the type of glazing. If you chose cold glass, then you won’t be able to remake the balcony into a living room. On its territory it will be very cold in winter or autumn, so it will be impossible to be permanently on it.
Cold glazing is used only to protect the balcony from negative environmental factors. These include rain, snow, dust, dirt, etc. It does not hold heat and does not protect against frost.
Warm glazing is more practical and functional in this regard, it costs more, but its characteristics justify the high price:
- This design of the balcony will allow you to convert it into a living room and go out onto its area even in severe frosts. Today, many apartment owners remodel their balcony blocks into office rooms, recreation areas or winter gardens only with the help of warm glazing.
- Of course, the whole point is not only in the glazing itself, but also in the interior decoration of the balcony. He needs to provide high-quality and reliable insulation. Often people turn to the popular “warm floor” system. In a general ensemble with properly selected glazing, the balcony block will turn into a very cozy and comfortable room.
- It should be noted the excellent soundproofing properties of such glasses. With them, you will simply forget about annoying street noise or howling winds in bad weather. Many apartment owners are faced with this annoying problem that interferes with sleep at night, and warm glazing solves it without difficulty.
- Many apartment owners turn to this glazing in order to expand the living area with a balcony. So, a small apartment can become much more spacious if one of the rooms is combined with a balcony area.
It can be a kitchen, living room, children's room or bedroom.
But this finish has some disadvantages:
- Most consumers are not very happy with the high cost of warm glazing. The most popular is plastic trim, but it costs twice as much as aluminum.
- These structures are large and massive, which will certainly affect the free space of the balcony. Warm double-glazed windows are thick and the frames are of decent weight, which forces apartment owners to pre-strengthen concrete slabs of balconies so that they are more durable and stable.
- Experts argue that such window structures distort the light flux and reduce its intensity, so in rooms with such glazing there is always a little less light.
- In the hot summer season, the balcony will quickly heat up and will be stuffy on it.
When is it necessary?
Warm glazing should be used if you intend to combine a balcony with living rooms or convert it into a functional room.
You cannot do without such glazing if you operate the balcony year-round, and you need it in any weather. If there is not very good heating on the territory of the apartment, then with the help of such decoration you can create a functional space in which it will always be warm and cozy.
There are several types of glazing of a warm type. Let's consider them in more detail.
Unrivaled appearance boasts panoramic glazing. Such a finish will cost the owner a round sum, but it's worth it! This design of a balcony room often increases the cost of an apartment for sale.
Most often, panoramic glazing can be seen in luxury homes. It looks very expensive and beautiful, especially if the accommodation is located in picturesque places.
Frameless designs only seem light and weightless. In fact, they are very heavy and massive. Not every concrete slab can withstand them, so the installation of such glazing can only be started after consultation with specialists.
Panoramic glasses are distinguished by their thickness and strength. They can be not only transparent, but also tinted. Installing a panoramic design yourself is not worth it. Its installation is more complicated and lengthy.
Metal-plastic constructions with warm double-glazed windows are very popular. They are equipped with standard leafs with swing and swing mechanism. It is worth noting the heavy weight of these systems, so before installing them you need to make sure the reliability of the concrete base of the balcony.
Such designs are not suitable for old apartments and Khrushchev. They are distinguished by excellent thermal characteristics and high sound insulation. But there are some drawbacks in them.
For example, metal-plastic warm glazing is not windproof. Visors must be mounted above such structures, and this will create an additional load on the concrete slab and parapet.
There are times when the parapets are absolutely not suitable for such manipulations. They simply change to brickwork, which only adds to the massiveness of the entire structure.
Aluminum glazing will prevent the penetration of cold and drafts. Thermo-lock systems are especially popular. They have special insulating inserts that provide excellent thermal performance.
Such designs are fireproof. They are made in a variety of colors, so it’s easy to create a beautiful and harmonious interior with aluminum windows.
You can turn to wooden frames with warm double-glazed windows. They are environmentally friendly, practical and look very interesting. Wooden structures create a comfortable microclimate in the room.
They can save their durability only with the help of special impregnations. Wooden frames will have to be regularly looked after and treated with various protective agents.
Over time, such glazing will lose its attractiveness. The tree has the property of aging, fading, drying and cracking.
The most popular is the plastic glazing of balcony rooms. It looks beautiful and neat. High-quality materials and warm double-glazed windows will maintain a comfortable temperature on the balcony all year round.
Over time, the appearance of such a finish will not lose its appeal. It is only necessary to monitor the cleanliness of white structures. Dirt and dust can be cleaned with it very easily, especially if you immediately begin to remove it.
But such designs are heavy, so they are not suitable for every home. For example, in a small Khrushchev plastic windows will put a large load on the concrete slab, which can lead to very serious consequences in the form of collapses and thick cracks.
Today you can choose warm glazing with plastic frames on any wallet.
Sliding structures are often used in both warm and cold glazing. They have many cameras in their profile, providing excellent thermal performance.
It is worth noting the practicality of such systems. They do not take up much space on the balcony, as the windows will open and close using the Slidors system. It represents special horizontal guides along which, as on rails, the shutters move.
The Sliders system is also used for semi-warm glazing. It allows you to qualitatively warm the premises without loading the parapet. Visually similar designs make the area of the balcony more spacious and stylish.
Double-glazed windows in such systems are single-chamber. They allow you to maintain positive temperatures in the winter and have a high rail that protects the entire structure from freezing and any other negative factors from the outside.
Installation of such windows is permissible on high floors. The modern Slidors system provides average thermal insulation. PVC hinged windows still have better thermal characteristics.
Tools and safety
For the installation of warm glazing of the balcony, it is necessary to stock up with safety equipment. For work, it is recommended to turn to the sports belt. In its characteristics, it is in no way inferior to the construction one, but it costs much cheaper.
A belt with a 2.5 cm long halyard is ideal. Too short a halyard will complicate the work, and too long may cause injury.
The belt and carabiner must withstand a load exceeding 400 kg. These specifications can be found on the certificate. If there is no such product in the kit, then it is better to refuse it.
Step-by-step replacement of cold glass with warm
First you need to dismantle the cold glass. First, sliding double-glazed windows (if any) are removed, and after them the frames. It is necessary to remove the ebbs, window sills and all fasteners so that they do not interfere with the installation of new windows. After all these works, you can proceed directly to the installation of new windows.
The day before installing new windows, it is necessary to fill the inside of the profile with foam. This simple technique eliminates the formation of cold bridges in the structure.
A visor must be installed above the balcony block. It will protect it from rain and snow, and will also protect the inside from moisture and moisture.
Next, you need to install and fix the PVC (if you chose this material) frames to the railing of the balcony. Always check all surfaces with a level. Height can be adjusted by adjusting the pads design.
In the opening, the entire system is fixed with special anchors. All cracks and voids must be treated with mounting foam.
After the foam completely hardens, you can proceed to the direct installation of double-glazed windows and hanging the sashes.
The final stage of all work is the installation of ebbs, fittings and window sills. The last element is mounted on ordinary screws. All slots must be foamed.
You can learn more about the technology of replacing cold glass with warm glass from the following video:
You can install warm glazing on your own, but experts recommend undertaking such work only to those people who are confident in their abilities and have at least minimal skills in this matter.
If you doubt yourself or are afraid to make a mistake, it is better to entrust the installation of warm windows to professionals.
First contact the specialists who will tell you whether it is worthwhile to strengthen the concrete base of your balcony and what load it can withstand. This is necessary in order to avoid the unpleasant consequences of installing heavy glazing.
Choose exclusively high-quality and reliable materials and apply only to well-known companies in your city.
Immediately after all installations, be sure to check the correct operation of all mechanisms.