Orchids are graceful beauties hailing from the hot tropics. They live in any climate, except in cold and arid regions, as well as in houses and apartments thanks to the successful breeding work. In Russia they are grown in hanging flower pots or pots. There is another special way to grow orchids - in bottles. These unusual flowers are brought from Thailand.
Arriving in Thailand, tourists are surprised at the abundance of orchids everywhere. They are found at every step: at the airport, at the entrances to trade pavilions, on the streets. Thailand is rightly called the country of orchids. More than twenty thousand plant varieties grow here. Some of them grow on trees, while Thais rosettes are carefully secured in coconut pots or a wood-carved pot.
Tourists bring a Thai orchid to their homeland not in pots, but in an airtight container with a nutritious gel. This method of "packaging" was invented specifically for them, since the export of the roots of sprouts in the ground is prohibited by the domestic laws of the country. In one flask, 3-5 seeds of one plant species.
Coming to Thailand and leaving without orchids is nonsense. In Bangkok they sell them in flower markets and farms . There are markets where they sell cut flowers. On the market, Pak Klong Talad, which works around the clock, put up for sale plants in bales, boxes, baskets wholesale and retail. For fear of not passing customs control, tourists buy bouquets on the day they leave the country. They are attracted by the low price and richness of choice, but sometimes common sense keeps them from buying - the risk is great that the orchids will wither during the flight.
During an excursion along the Chao Phraya River, tourists are brought to an orchid farm. Having paid a small price for admission, they wander around the farm, watch how beautiful orchids grow, capture their favorite copies on a photo or video camera, and buy their favorite flowers. At first they think that only Vandas and their derivatives grow here, but then they discover many other types of orchids in secret corners.
Buying one plant is much cheaper than anywhere else.
If you are interested in orchids in flask (flasks), look at the Sanam Luang 2 market in the vicinity of Bangkok. They are the cheapest here. When passing customs control, you can not take them with you on board the aircraft. The ban is valid for safety reasons: the flag is easy to damage and the gel will leak. Handing over in luggage, they wrap them in toilet paper and wrap them in a towel.
Of all the flowers for sale, the most expensive are species of orchids. So that there are no problems with the export of orchids with roots and soil, the seller requires a phytosertificate. In its absence, the roots are shaken off the ground and carefully wrapped in paper.
To export flowers from Thailand, they do this: they turn to the Rosselkhoznadzor branch in Russia, fill out import documents and translate them into Thai. In Thailand, they make the same export permit. The received documents are presented during customs control.
Orchids in a flask will not take root and will not bloom if you ignore the advice of experienced gardeners. Within 2-3 weeks after returning from Thailand, the sprouts from the bulb are not removed: they need to recover from stress. For quick adaptation, place them on a well-lit window sill, but keep the bottle closed. They can not be transplanted into a substrate or placed in another flask if:
- sprouts have not grown;
- the nutrient gel has not ended (this is determined by the blackened leaves).
An orchid is transplanted earlier if mold appears in the flask.
Like other indoor plants, orchid from Flask is better to transplant in the spring. To do this, you need the following materials.
- Paper towels.
- Warm tap water.
- Small paper cups or seedling pots with plenty of holes at the bottom.
- Pebbles or polystyrene for drainage.
In order for the orchid not to die, the transplant is carried out in sterile conditions.
Flask extraction tips
You can export orchids from Thailand in a flask made of plastic or glass. When transplanting, problems arise, since flower growers do not know how to remove them from the container. If the flask is made of plastic, cut it with scissors and take out the sprouts. It is more difficult to remove the sprouts from a glass bottle, but there is a way. Wrap the bottle with tape and wrap it in a bag or newspaper, and then hit it with a hammer.
Such extraction is safe for the flower: the fragments will not damage the orchid roots.
After breaking the sealed container, wash the seedlings. Water is poured into sterile dishes to rinse the roots a little and wash the bulk of the agar. Then remove the entire mixture from the roots and leaves under running warm water. Agar is washed off especially carefully: if not washed off completely, it can cause rotting of the seedling. If the sprouts are rotten, they are treated with foundationazole, and if not, with phytosporin. They are left on paper towels until water is completely absorbed.
What kind of substrate is prepared for it depends on the type of orchid brought from Asia .
- For Vanda, the substrate is not needed at all. It is placed in a plastic cup, and then put it in a large glass with water.
- For "Phalaenopsis", "Dendrobium", "Catley" and "Pafa" prepare a substrate of bark, moss, coal. All three components are taken in equal proportions, but you can put a little less moss.
The substrate is poured with boiling water, kept for 2-3 minutes in the microwave or boiled. It is dried for at least 2 days, and only then an Asian beauty is transplanted into it.
This technology of preparation of the substrate is a sure way to rid the mixture of pests and their eggs.
Planting a plant
Before planting, orchids determine whether the seedlings are healthy or not. If damage is found, the seedling is thrown away. Otherwise, he still will not take root and harm others. Do not share the sprouts pulled from the flask in different pots. They are planted in one pot, making a small depression in the center in the substrate. Sprinkle the roots on top with a soil mixture.
After transplanting, seedlings need plenty of sunlight and little humidity. In the first 5-7 days after transplantation, do not water them, but spray them with fertilizer every other time. Gradually switch to the usual watering: water is poured along the edge of the pot, without getting into sockets. Watering is carried out, making sure that the substrate is completely dry.
As soon as one leaf appears on each of the orchid seedlings, they are planted in separate pots. To do this, choose a small pot and change it to another larger diameter every 3-4 months until the plant grows stronger. After this, a transplant is done less often - once every 2-3 years.
Some orchid lovers take sprouts from a bottle brought from Thailand immediately upon arrival home. They are doing wrong.
It’s better not to rush the transplant, but wait until it adapts to new conditions and the sprouts grow.
You can learn more about how to transplant an orchid correctly.