Saintpaulia is a grassy plant of the Gesneriev family, growing in the eastern part of the African continent. It was first discovered and brought to our mainland by the French military commandant Saint Paul Walter, who discovered him in the Uzambara mountains. It was in honor of these mountains that the flower got its name - Uzambara violet. Many flower growers call the plant simply violet, although this is not entirely true.
A small flower can often be found among lovers of home beds, as it has a wide variety of colors and shapes. At the same time, the African thermophilic flower perfectly survives on window sills and heated balconies even in the northernmost regions of the country. One of the most striking and popular varieties is the dandy violet.
Description of violet LE-Dandy indicates the features that distinguish it from the rest of the varieties. It has rather large flowers of white and pink colors for such a plant. The central part of the petal has a more saturated tone, and at its edges you can see a greenish small fringe. In the center are stamens with yellow pollen.
Bright green leaves are soft and very fragile at the beginning, with age they become stronger and tougher. At the edges they are bent by waves, resembling lace. The socket is medium in size and even in structure. In general, the plant looks very gentle and airy.
Each individual pot resembles a ready-made bouquet of the bride in white and pink colors. At the same time, “Dandy” blooms for almost a month, and then for another month the petals slowly fall, which allows households to admire the violet for a long time.
Senpolis lovers are often divided into two camps. The first consider that it is easy and pleasant to grow it. They argue that this does not take much time. The latter call this process very troublesome, and the violet itself is very capricious. In fact, in order not to destroy the plant, it is enough to adhere to several basic rules for growing and caring for an African guest.
Container and soil
The quality of the container or pot should not be given too much attention. “Dandy” grows well both in a plastic bucket and in a ceramic bowl. The main thing is that the container has openings below and stands in a shallow saucer. It is convenient to keep small processes in special violet "creches", which are a small rack with many small pots. For an adult flower, containers with a diameter of 10 cm and the same depth are enough.
As for the soil, its preparation will also not take too much time. You can simply take a small amount of soil from any deciduous forest. Anyone who prefers to purchase soil in a store can choose a special composition that includes:
- moss sphagnum.
At the bottom of the pot, you first need to lay the drainage in the form of pebbles or charcoal, filling about 1/3 of the container. After that, you can fill the pot with soil and plant a sprout.
Accustomed to heat, the dandy violet requires a large amount of light in home conditions. It is the illumination that determines the growth rate and duration of flowering of violets. There is only one way to ensure this under the roof of a house or apartment - put a flower on the windowsill. However, there are some nuances here.
- It is better to choose an eastern or western window, so that the light is scattered, otherwise it will easily burn the delicate leaves and petals.
- If all the windows of the apartment face south, the glass should be slightly shaded.
- The kitchen is the best room for the Dandy, as it is always warm in it due to the preparation of dishes and the operation of appliances.
- A signal of an overabundance of direct sunlight will be leaves that fade and lose their color, which begin to stretch upward, breaking the outlet.
The main condition for the growth and development of violets is timely and proper watering. The procedure depends primarily on the time of year. So, in the summer the plant should be watered 1-2 times a week, depending on the weather outside. In winter, it is better to limit watering by adding water as the earth dries in a pot.
There are several ways to properly water the Saintpaulia.
- From above . In this case, you need to use a watering can or teapot with a narrow nose and pour water on the ground, under the roots of the plant.
- From below . With this watering, the water is poured into the lower saucer-stand, in which the pot stands. The plant itself absorbs the amount of water that it needs in 20-30 minutes. After half an hour, the remaining water in the saucer is simply drained into the sink. If you leave it, then the roots of the violet will begin to rot, and soon the flower will die.
Once a month, you can arrange a LE-Dandy warm spray shower to refresh and nourish flowers and leaves.
Excess moisture that parts of the violet will not have time to absorb during the procedure is best removed with ordinary paper towels. Drops of water remaining on the trunk and leaves of Saintpaulia will serve as strong loops for sunlight and leave burns on the velvet skin. The humidity of the room itself should also be considerable, therefore, next to the flower pot, you can put a container of water. As the liquid dries, it needs to be added.
In spring and summer, violet requires the application of mineral fertilizers with phosphorus and potassium. They contribute to the appearance of fresh buds and color flowers in a brighter pink color. During the growth of young violets, nitrogen fertilizing can be applied to the soil, it contributes to the development of the flower. In these cases, it is best to use ready-made liquid preparations that are sold in any store for gardeners. Two hours before top dressing, you need to make abundant watering so that the chemicals do not burn small roots.
African Senpolia is always better to slightly underfeed than to overfeed. If the plant looks healthy outwardly, it is better not to add anything to it at all. In the event of an excess of minerals, flowering may not occur or may be severely delayed.
How to propagate?
There are two ways to propagate an adult plant :
In both cases, the cut-off portion is placed in plain water or nutrient soil to produce roots. After their appearance, the process can be transplanted into a permanent place. While the senpolia does not take root in the ground, the pot should be tightened with polyethylene, which will create the effect of a greenhouse. This technique will accelerate the growth and development of the green baby.
The grown bushes are transplanted once every 3-4 years, completely changing the ground in a pot. After transplanting, violets make a warm shower. Then they put her in the warmest and most well-lit place of the apartment. Do not transplant Saintpaulia during flowering, otherwise this process can be disrupted.
Winter Care Features
If the summer of the middle zone at least slightly resembles the African climate, then winter is radically different. Short daylight hours, drafts, dry heat coming from the batteries - all this harms the home violet. In order not to destroy a delicate plant, it is enough to adhere to certain rules of winter care for it:
- remove the flower from the cold windowsill in a warm place;
- put the pot in a container with wet sawdust or a hydraulic soil to moisten the air, which is too dry due to heating appliances;
- try to get rid of drafts;
- when ventilating the room, take the flower out to another room;
- produce very accurate watering exclusively in the upper way;
- when rot occurs, remove the affected areas without regret and treat the sections with charcoal.
Subject to such simple rules in the spring, “Dandy” will delight its owners with beautiful large flowers and juicy green leaves without the slightest sign of illness or wilting.
Video review of violet varieties Le Dandy, see more