The construction of the greenhouse in the country has a number of subtleties and nuances. After all, a lot of types of structures, covering materials and projects have already been created. Having made a mistake with the choice, it will be possible to encounter very unpleasant consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to study various types of products before buying.
The country greenhouse is fundamentally different from the urban version. In winter and early spring, nobody clears snow from it, does not protect various influences. So these parameters must be taken into account. The rest of the requirements for the maintenance of the structure are the same as for ordinary greenhouses and greenhouses. Some structures are intended for short-term use, for example, to get early crops.
In this case, there is no need to use a large greenhouse, the collapsible design, which takes up very little space during storage, is quite enough. Such products are relatively inexpensive, and if you take up the assembly yourself, you will hardly have to pay anything at all. More serious buildings are needed, of course, if it is planned to equip a full-fledged greenhouse, which will be operated throughout the growing season.
In this case, three conditions are necessary:
- comfort for cultivated plants;
The last point is important not only with the purchase itself, but also because the loss of the greenhouse due to criminal activity or natural disaster should not cause serious loss.
There are many varieties of greenhouse designs. Most of them can be found on the websites or catalogs of various companies. But it is important to consider the nuances of each variety, so as not to make a mistake with the choice.
Which one to choose?
You can choose a greenhouse for a summer house or garden in appearance and its compatibility with the concept of the plot and the house. But it is clear that this does not guarantee the stability of the structure or obtaining stably high yields. Therefore, when choosing a specific solution, you should focus on the purpose of using the building. First of all, you need to decide whether a stationary or dismantled greenhouse will be more appropriate. In the first case, installation and maintenance concerns are noticeably reduced.
Disassembled options will need to be installed and dismantled twice a year. But for those summer residents who visit their lands only in the summer months and are seriously afraid of theft, it is better to buy such a product. Another important factor is the list of crops grown. Many of them require very specific growing conditions, and cannot get along in one room.
But the choice does not end there. It is required to analyze the future growing system: one thing is simple earth, and the other is all kinds of substrates from organic or mineral components.
Additionally, they understand how to organize watering. Most modern greenhouses are equipped with automatic or semi-automatic installations. But if the size of the crops is small, and there is a desire to save money, it is more correct to prefer an ordinary watering can.
Adherents of hydroponics also have to make a choice between designs of four different types:
- with a floating platform.
And there is one more decisive circumstance - where and how exactly the greenhouse will rise. The installation location, unlike other parameters, after purchase it will be almost impossible to change. Any structure of this kind should simultaneously receive maximum solar energy and be minimally exposed to wind.
Having decided on the installation point, you need to think about the geometry of the greenhouse. Most often, rectangular structures with two slopes are used.
If the greenhouse will be delivered as an extension to the house, it is advisable to choose options with a single-pitched roof. Such a device is recognized by experts as the most practical, allowing to save both building materials and occupied territory. There is no particular difference between the various sides of the house, but it is still more rational to send the roof slope to the south. Very limited in funds people can buy an arched greenhouse - it is relatively inexpensive, and the exclusion of sharp corners reduces the need for a covering material, but increases the working time.
Pyramidal greenhouses can be found only occasionally, because this option appeared relatively recently. It is mainly used by lovers of bold experiments. There is still not enough data to say whether this form really justifies itself, and how much better it is than other configurations. A rare option in Russian dachas is also the polygonal form of greenhouses. Its undeniable advantage is that due to the external structure, heating of the internal space is accelerated.
The most rational dimensions of any greenhouse are:
- length is 250 cm from the base to the ridge;
- the height of the lowest wall is 150 cm;
- width - 3, 5 m (according to the generalization of the experience of experienced summer residents)
Depending on the needs and goals, you can increase these indicators, but still the length of more than 6 m for private use is inconvenient. When this is necessary, it is better to divide the greenhouse into several compartments, and not to put an inextricable monolith.
Having made the doors 100 cm wide, it will be possible to safely pass with a wheelbarrow, a bag of land or buckets in your hands.
The so-called eco greenhouse deserves special attention. It is built in accordance with the ideas of permaculture, that is, it is aimed at reproducing the conditions of wildlife as the most organic. Crops will be high, and at the same time environmentally friendly, since pesticides are not used. Eco greenhouse is the only acceptable option for home growing many crops from other climatic zones. Such a building is combined with a chicken coop located in an adjacent compartment.
Through ventilation ducts, air is exchanged between the compartments, which increases the concentration of carbon dioxide and ammonia in the greenhouse. To enhance the effect, thermal solar panels are used. As the simplest options, containers filled with water or stones of various sizes are suitable.
Do I need to register?
Those who already have a greenhouse on the site or are just going to build it, are interested in news from the field of tax legislation. Recently, information appeared that it is required to register farm buildings located in garden and summer cottages in order to pay a special tax from them. In reality, such a tax has been in force since 1992, and there are no plans even to establish new fees at the moment.
Registration is mandatory only for capital buildings that cannot be moved without serious damage to their primary function.
For gardeners and gardeners, the types of materials used are very significant. Wood is suitable for frame, walls and partitions. It is easy to process and relatively light, inexpensive and found in almost all construction stores. Therefore, the material occupies one of the leading positions in the ranking of raw materials used to create the greenhouse.
But I must say about the objective disadvantages of such a solution, among which the main one is the obligatory processing of raw materials with flame retardants and additives from decay. Such substances improve the quality of the structure and increase its service life. Only the price from this immediately rises.
The metal is strong and relatively light, because the high strength allows you to use a smaller layer. Bolts can be used to connect parts, and one-piece connection is provided by electric welding. A characteristic problem is corrosion, which is suppressed only by preliminary application of the paint or zinc layer.
Brick is more expensive and heavier than metal, it is durable, but fragile. In addition, brick structures will definitely have to be insulated.
If a greenhouse is made of gas silicate blocks, then insulation will also be required. The advantage of this option can be considered lightness and low cost (in comparison with a brick), as well as sufficient strength for most tasks.
Shelf type greenhouses are used when you need to get an early crop of vegetables or mushrooms, grow seedlings. Tall crops and seedlings of trees there will not be able to grow.
Most of the shelving greenhouses are constructed of polycarbonate, because:
- It allows you to use the space under the shelves for different purposes.
- The illumination of tiers and their care improves.
- There is an opportunity to do hydroponics and aeroponics.
- It will be possible to germinate the seeds if you fence off one corner with glass.
The use of glass as a covering material is quite common. It serves for a long time, but has serious drawbacks - heaviness and fragility. If you need to operate the greenhouse throughout the year, it is advisable to install not simple frames, but double-glazed windows. Sheltering under the film costs the least, and yet one has to reckon with the negative sides - low strength and poor level of thermal protection. Prefabricated greenhouses are made mainly of aluminum (obtained by extrusion) or of special plastic.
The aluminum parts of the frame are equipped with special grooves that allow you to insert the lining of a strictly specified thickness.
If a single groove is excessively wide, rubber or plastic gaskets can be used to compensate for the missing size. A plastic profile retains heat better than a metal one and costs slightly less. Modern grades of plastics are highly durable and can grow a considerable crop. Covering materials are subject to standard requirements.
Small greenhouses (both arched and rectangular) are in demand quite widely. The optimal material in this case is polycarbonate, and the roofs are most often gable or broken. Small sizes are 3x4, 3x6 meters, and larger structures are made in the format of 3x8 or even 3x12 m. The best connections are achieved through special corners. But the planks, bolts, screeds and overlapping edges on each other are less reliable.
The greenhouse, whose width is 5 m, is very well suited to accommodate a large number of beds. With the help of such a design, it will even be possible to turn a passion for growing berries and vegetables into a constant source of income. It is desirable that each connection of the frame parts is welded, and horizontal lintels are placed approximately every 0.66 m. If you plan to grow plants only in the summer, you can do without a powerful expensive foundation. The choice between a collapsible and non-collapsible design is dictated by a specific situation.
An excellent solution, judging by consumer reviews, is the Strela greenhouse: due to its unique design (gable roof, systematically turning into walls), it itself gets rid of snow. Therefore, in winter you don’t have to go specifically to the cottage, and the building will successfully last until the onset of heat. Modifications "Delta" and "Asterisk" are no worse, but each of them has its own particular subtleties that must be taken into account. Judging by the operating experience, arched greenhouses are less resistant to snow load.
- Despite the importance of the utilitarian properties of greenhouses, one cannot but pay attention to their appearance. The photo shows an elegant glazed greenhouse with a frame in a pleasant green color. Fancy-shaped doors that open outwards immediately attract attention. The rising windows on which the gable roof is equipped provide quick ventilation.
- And here is a hemispherical greenhouse made of polycarbonate. Special chic are given to it by carefully selected plants: it is immediately evident that they are quite high, but do not lack space. The passage between the beds is made quite elegantly.
- Here you can make sure that the greenhouses made of aluminum and glass can also be decoration of the site. The robust construction in the form of a "house", set on a brick base, looks quite good. The composition is completed by several tapeworms planted around the greenhouse.
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