Few people know the name “buddley”, although in fact it hides the familiar “summer lilac” - a beautiful fragrant bush that many gardeners love for its colorful flowers, sweet smell and ability to attract bees, butterflies and other pollinators.
The shrub is widespread not only in the south of our country, it grows throughout North America and is there both a curse and a blessing. All because buddley propagates very quickly, thanks to the seeds, filling everything around. Over time, breeders managed to obtain several non-invasive hybrids of this plant.
The South American variety was introduced in 1774, when the name "David Buddley" appeared. This beautiful, fast-growing semi-evergreen perennial shrub usually grows several meters tall. Its crown is open vaulted. Young stems of the plant are fluffy, and the leaves of some varieties have an attractive velvety texture.
The size, shape and shade of foliage vary greatly from one species to another and vary from 7 to 12 centimeters in length. Coloring can be either dark green or grayish green, sometimes light silver. Different varieties and flowers differ in color, there are:
- bright white;
- cream yellow;
- dark purple.
The bushes bloom profusely in early summer and autumn and attract birds and butterflies, including the Monarch, with their aroma. The flowers resemble long spikes, collected in small groups.
Buddley grows vigorously on any type of soil, regardless of pH level and can withstand any weather conditions. The shrub loves the sun and loose soil, but is winter-hardy, which is why it is so common in our country. This is one of the first plants that begins to bloom and delight with its aroma after a cold winter.
Buddleya David survives even where it is very cold, winters without mulch, although gardeners advise planting it in places protected from the northern winds and cold. Rampant growth makes buddha undesirable in some areas.
Many countries have listed buddles as an invasive species that is not worth cultivating, but pruning can keep the plant under control.
If you let the flowers turn into seeds, then they will quickly and in large numbers be carried by the wind. They can fly for kilometers and fall into the water to travel even further from the parent plant. When seeds enter the soil, 80% of them germinate very quickly. Most of these shrubs will be able to produce new seeds in the first year, hence the uncontrolled propagation of the bush.
Buddley also easily propagate from cuttings and from roots, so when it takes root along the water, it can easily become a natural flood protection. Due to the nature of the plant, it is very difficult to restrain its growth. When the seeds do not germinate immediately, they can remain viable for 3-5 years. If one tree is cut down, the roots are activated and soon a whole forest will appear in this place. It will not help, even if you remove the central ones, since new trees can also appear from the side shoots.
The plant withstands poor soil, drought, and much more, so we can assume that it is good for them to plant barren areas where nothing else grows, but the buddha captures the territory completely and completely and prevents other species from developing. There is less food left and less habitat for birds, insects and other inhabitants of the planet.
There are several ways you can control the process of growing shrubs.
- Seed control. You can not let the flowers ripen to the state of the seeds, pruning them earlier.
- Seedling control. Emerging shoots need not be cut, but simply beveled. This will not kill them, but will deter them from further growth. If you sprinkle the earth around a heavy mulch, it will be difficult for young shrubs to break through.
- Use goats. Goats eat seedlings and seedlings of the "summer lilac". As soon as they appear, they will then restrain the spread of the buddha.
- The use of herbicides. Products such as Roundup can be used to control plants. Spray the product onto the seedlings like any weed. To get rid of a mature plant, cut it under the root, then smear the surface of the stump with “Roundup”.
Species and varieties
You will have to choose a bush for landscape design among many attractive options. There are also a large number of hybrids and related species. Among the most popular varieties among gardeners, the following are considered.
- Black Knight. The shrub is wide, with sprawling branches. In height it can reach 2 meters, width - up to 1.5 meters. The color of the flowers can be either purple or dark purple.
- "Nano Blue." This species is characterized by abundant flowering, which lasts from late July to September. The flowers are bright, purple, an incredible aroma comes from the bush.
- Royal Red. Demonstrates a saturated red-violet tint during flowering. It blooms from the middle of the summer season and blooms in October.
- Empire Blue. Another leafy plant is popular for its very bright violet-blue color.
- "Flower Power." The variety cannot but please the orange-violet tint of flowers.
- Pink Delight. This species is considered one of the most beautiful, since its flowers are pale pink.
- "Black night". Has inflorescences of a deep dark purple hue. This is the most affordable variety that has the darkest flowers.
- Guinevere. Demonstrates very fragrant lilac-black flowers in combination with blue-green leaves during the flowering period.
- "Pink Delight." This bud of buds produces large inflorescences of a pure pink tone. The leaves are silvery.
- Royal Red. The flowering hue is deep burgundy.
- "Attraction". This bush during flowering decorates the garden with dark red flowers.
- Dartmoor. It has very large clusters of lilac flowers.
- "White Ball". Dwarf view with white flowers that delight throughout the summer.
Regardless of climatic conditions, summer lilac will always grow well on the site and will delight with its flowering. The only thing that this hardy deciduous shrub can kill is moist soil and lack of sun. The soil should be loose, well-drained, and the landing site most of the day illuminated by sunlight. Buddley prefers a pH of 6.0-7.0, but this level is not essential for the healthy growth and development of the bush.
The plant practically does not require fertilizers. It can survive in an arid region or where frosts often come. In the coldest climate, the shrub completely freezes to the ground, and with the onset of spring it quickly comes to life and delights with new shoots and even more flowers than before.
This plant does not require too much attention to keep it in good shape. Below are the basics of growing a buddha in a garden.
- Plants grow best when planted in late autumn or early spring.
- Bushes require space. Most species measure several meters in height and width. You should always give the plant an extra free zone around.
- It is better to choose a site for planting where the first part of the day is the sun, and the second is the shadow, or vice versa.
- When landing, it is enough to use good compost.
- The root head should be at the same level as the soil surface.
- The gardener must always observe a minimum distance of three meters between the bushes, otherwise they will begin to force each other out.
- After planting, thoroughly water the bush.
Breeders bred dwarf varieties of buddley, which are widely used in landscape design. They are suitable for growing in containers. In appearance, such plants resemble small trees with a very beautiful and long-flowering crown. When planting in containers, the following requirements should be observed.
- Choose a pot large enough to hold the grown plant and accommodate its root system. It is worth making sure that the container has a good drainage system, since the "summer lilac" will not grow in constantly moist ground.
- Use any soil mixture recommended for container planting.
- When placing a buddley in a pot, its root neck should be at ground level.
- The plant will need to be well watered, but not flooded.
Growing a buddley is possible with equal success both in the Moscow Region, Siberia, the Urals, and in the Leningrad Region. The process always looks the same, regardless of the climate zone. The described fast-growing flowering bushes with beautiful flower spikes do not need regular care, but the gardener will have to follow a few rules.
- Fertilize the plant before wintering.
- Clean flowers before they turn into seeds.
- Keep the shape of the buddley and the appropriate size, trimming the edges to avoid overgrowing.
- Caterpillars eat the leaves of this bush, which may affect the last loss of external attractiveness. If the influence of insects is minimal and does not harm the plant, you can do nothing, otherwise spray the bushes with special means.
- Watering should be carried out regularly, but infrequently.
- Too many fertilizers should be avoided, as they contribute to the growth of leaves rather than flowers.
- No need to try to transplant a bush from one part of the garden to another. These plants cope poorly with transplantation, but real thickets will appear in the old place.
- It is always necessary to control the appearance of basal seedlings to make sure that the buddley does not begin to spread on the site like a weed. If necessary, cut them, but do not cut and do not dig, damaging the roots.
These hardy, adaptable bushes are not very susceptible to diseases and pests. Caterpillars have already been said about, but they are more an element of the nutrition system and the interaction between different organisms than pests. But on sandy soils Buddley, regardless of variety, nematodes can torment. In marshy conditions, root rot develops, which kills the bushes. When extreme drought occurs, the “summer lilac” attracts a spider mite.
In cool climates with long rainy periods and in conditions of constant dampness, mold may appear. To combat root rot, it is necessary to change the soil, add sawdust, sand, vermiculite to facilitate and improve air circulation. If the climate is arid, then you can use mulch after watering, because it perfectly retains moisture in the upper layers and prevents it from evaporating quickly.
For the very reason that a buddha attracts many beneficial insects, it is important to use natural remedies to combat the problem. Neem oil is one of the options that helps in controlling a wide range of pests and diseases in the garden.
Trimming to the ground is another possible solution to the problem. The plant will not die, by the next season it will quickly recover, it will bloom profusely. Removing diseased branches should be carried out in spring or summer.
Bushes of the flowering plant described require rare maintenance, but pruning in early spring is always beneficial. It does not allow the buddha to become too tall, lose its attractive shape, thereby maintaining the compactness of the shrub and its attractive appearance. If you want more flowers next year, then cut off the old branches.
The procedure is not difficult, since it is impossible to kill the plant by excessive removal of the shoots, on the contrary, then there will be even more of them. It is worth starting pruning in March, as soon as the most severe frosts have ended. First of all, dead, sick, damaged or weak rods are removed. The rest will only need to be cut in length to form an even frame. In subsequent years, you can simply reduce the growth of branches from the previous season by removing up to 2 pairs of buds.
The gardener is required to monitor the quality and cleanliness of the tool. Secateurs, hacksaws on wood should be not only sharp, but also disinfected. To ensure plant health for the next season, it is important to shorten it to 0.6 m in height, leaving two or three buds above the base.
Late winter or early spring is the best time to carry out this procedure. Although such a strong pruning seems radical, in fact, it is of particular importance to the buddha. It must be remembered that, like acacia, rampant growth makes the bushes shapeless, ugly. The thickest branches are removed not with secateurs, but with special scissors, for working with the crown there are models with a telescopic handle that allows you to form a bush without a stepladder.
Properly pruned bush is very important. Those varieties that bloom in late summer and autumn should receive hard pruning every year in spring. Hard pruning means removing shoots from the previous season. Cut them off completely. However, if you want to quickly increase the size of the bushes, cut the branches in size, but do not completely remove them. In the northern regions, winter can lead to the death of growths. The main task of the new shoots is to produce flowering that summer. This happens with most varieties, but there are exceptions.
There is a kind of buddley that loses leaves and produces flowers on old branches. Colvillei is an evergreen or semi-evergreen variety that produces shoot flowers from the previous season. For this reason, flower buds need to be preserved and pruned until the flowering season ends, and this is June. Such pruning is slightly different, as thin and old branches are removed, long shoots are shortened. After 5 or 6 years, the bushes look tall and unattractive. They need to be cut in early April.
Despite the fact that the shrub is resistant to cold, most gardeners agree that the plant should be covered in autumn. Shelter is done after pruning and when the buddley fell into a dream. If the branches are wet, then they will begin to shine under the material, which will lead to death.
On the question of how to prepare one-year-old bushes, it is better to use a more dense material or a greater amount of it. You can cover them with an old blanket, but some gardeners do it even easier - they dig a plant with a root system and transfer it to the basement for storage until spring.
In order not to purchase specially material for sheltering, you can use simply dry soil. They put a box on top of it, knocked together from a tree, and on top of it put a slate or cover it with roofing material, this design will be enough. When the snow falls, they will be able to sprinkle a little cover. This is how the plant is sheltered in the northern part of our country.
You can build a small greenhouse around the bush, this will require dry land and peat. The trunk is covered with the first material, the trunk circle is the second. Arcs are placed on top, which will need to be covered with lutrasil.
Buddley bushes give a lot of sprouts around. It is enough to dig and plant such seedlings, and soon they will take shape and become an adult plant. Cuttings are another method that is also used to propagate the described plant.
Harvesting material is harvested in autumn, but it is necessary that the bush completely drops flowers. Cuttings are planted in the ground immediately or cleaned in the basement, garage, to be used later in the early spring. You can wait until the sprout gives roots in the container, but this is an extra transplant job, since the buddha adapts remarkably to the created conditions.
It is imperative that the cuttings have at least three buds. Two of them will need to be immersed in the ground. If the stalk is planted in a container, then it can be covered with a film on top until it sprouts.
This plant is most easily grown from seeds. The most important growth condition is well-drained soil. But there should be no lack of moisture. Seeds germinate well in soil with a neutral or slightly acidic pH.
For growing from seeds you will need:
- loam-based compost;
- a small amount of fine sand;
- peat pots.
The process is phased as follows.
- Fill the pot with compost with loam and let it settle in 2.5 cm of water for 15 minutes. Excess moisture is allowed to drain.
- Mix the seeds with sand. It takes only half a handful of the breed.
- Sprinkle the surface of the compost with a mixture of sand and seeds, trying to cover it as evenly as possible. Gently press, but do not cover the planting material with compost.
- Set the pot in a sunny place indoors and spray moisture to keep the surface moist, but not very wet. Seeds should germinate after 3 weeks.
- When four leaves appear on the seedlings, they are transferred to peat pots.
- Young shrubs are planted in late spring or early summer, when there are no more frosts. They need well-drained soil, plenty of room for growth and plenty of sunlight. Dig a landing pit with a depth of at least 15 cm.
The shrub blooms in abundance in the summer months and early autumn, so it is used to decorate landscape design. The trees in the corners of the garden look especially beautiful. Dwarf can be used in large containers in the conservatory, on the veranda, near the recreation area.
The bushes can be given an attractive rounded shape. To make of them a tall beautiful hedge or background for a natural garden planted with a wide variety of local plants that can provide a habitat for wild flora and fauna.
Buddley will grow well along the curbs, and at the same time it will serve as an excellent protection against dust from the side of the road. It looks great when planted in groups of varieties of different colors. A green lawn goes well with the plant.
Such a sprawling bush can decorate a flowerbed in the center, but it is very important that the design neighbors are much lower than the buddha, then the effect of a falling waterfall of flowers is created.
In landscape design, dwarf species have increasingly been used, since they look more compact and require less area for growth. They can be planted around the perimeter of the garden or arrange a relaxation area. Symmetrically designed buddhia bushes become one of the main decorations of the garden from summer to autumn. Designers try to use bright and rich colors, carefully selecting varieties.
If it is decided to plant a group of several bushes of standard size, then a distance of 2.5 meters between them will be enough to create a solid wall. The gardener has many possibilities for combining various shades. You can intertwine dark purple flowers with soft pinks or use a multicolor variety as the main accent.
With the manifestation of imagination, you can create an amazingly beautiful garden, using the described plant as the main accent. The only thing the gardener will have to face is the need to constantly restrain the growth of the bush, or you can buy varieties that are not invasive. They were the result of the painstaking work of many breeders and allowed to have a buddha on the site, even in those countries where it is prohibited by law.
See the following video for more on growing buddley.