Today, rolling gates are quite popular. They are not only a protective and protective element, but also look quite attractive and stylish. The design features of rolling gates will be discussed in our article.
For each motorist in the first place there was always a question about the safety of the car and the garage in which it is contained. Therefore, great attention is paid to the type of gate equipped in the room. Today, roller shutters are widely distributed as one of the most reliable types of structures. They come in different types, modifications, are made of different materials, but the main function is to protect the garage from unauthorized persons and bad weather.
Before equipping your garage with such protection, you need to familiarize yourself with the type of each structure and find out the principle of its operation in order to determine the best option for yourself. After all, it is quite difficult, expensive, and sometimes even impossible to adjust an unsuccessfully selected design and an intra-valency mechanism. Automation is hard to repair.
Advantages and disadvantages
PVC rolling shutters have a number of positive qualities, which is proved by their widespread use not only by private individuals, but also by state and commercial organizations: warehouses, banks, shopping centers and other facilities requiring increased protection. They are compact, combined with reliability.
Saving space when installing such a gate will be about 2 cubic meters, compared with those that open outward. Therefore, to save territory, this option is the most optimal.
But here there are some peculiarities:
- For roller shutters, there are also installation restrictions, neglect of which leads to malfunction and unreliability of the design. Steel profile products should not exceed 7x7 square meters. m
- The aluminum profile is less durable, because the length of one horizontal bar cannot be more than 6 meters, despite the fact that the gates themselves will occupy an area of no more than 14 square meters.
The simple mechanism for opening and closing shutters is very convenient to use and does not require complicated expensive maintenance. Gates do not need to be painted, maximum - lubricate once every few months . If the gate is planned to be installed in a garage, where the entire tool is constantly stored at hand, it will be easier to mount, and if necessary, repair the structure.
For example, if the lamellas are broken or bent, you need to open the box lid, pull down and remove the canvas. Then carefully lay it on a smooth surface and remove the side latches. Then it is already possible to remove the damaged trims and replace them by connecting with the other side locks.
Before mounting the canvas back to the track, you need to make sure that the lower lamella is fixed.
One of the advantages of this choice is the affordable price, which at all times corresponds to quality. The maintenance of such gates is not expensive, because they are resistant to rust and do not expand from temperature changes. As a result, the car will be stored under reliable protection for at least 10 years. Film runners will last a long time.
The density of the shutters will limit the room from dust and moisture, and also isolate from noise and even heat transfer (by 20%). As for the appearance, the roller shutters fit very harmoniously into the exterior of most buildings. Plus, the market offers a wide range of shades of product coverage, so choosing the right design for your garage or store will not be difficult.
Regarding the shortcomings, accessibility to the canvas should be noted.
In order to open the profile, it is enough to damage the metal by cutting it with a grinder or autogenous. But manufacturers often equip shutters with an alarm system, and therefore customers often close protected facilities with such shutters. It will be more reliable to install metal armored gates, but it will be noticeably more expensive.
Installing such gates in heated garages is impractical, because without a heater they easily pass air, giving off heat. In addition, individual elements at minus temperatures can become covered with ice, affecting the opening and closing of the valves. Therefore, you have to have at hand a can of liquid against freezing or equip the design with additional heating. But here is the question of the need and cost-effectiveness of this installation.
It is important to take into account that the choice of rolls for the garage depends not only on the safety of the contents from theft and car theft, but also protection against the influence of weather conditions that are sensitive to moisture and temperature of the materials and tools stored inside.
The most common types of garage doors are:
- high speed;
- rotary lifting;
- fire fighting;
- roller shutters;
- lifting sectional.
The lifting-sectional type consists of special panels or panels made of different materials (metal, plastic, wood). The panels are connected together by hinge loops. Such gates are opened using a special mechanism. The standard size of such a fence is 2-3 x 2.25-3.5 m.
When you open the panel goes under the ceiling, saving space in the garage. This system is good for its long life, insulating properties and noticeable strength. Cons: the high cost of installation and maintenance due to the engineering complexity of the design. Also, such gates will not protect very well from burglars, so you will additionally have to set an alarm.
Still, these mechanisms are dependent on the availability of electricity and when the power is off, the gates may simply not open. But that is not all. It is possible to install such a product only on garages, the length of which is at least 1.5 times the width, so that the departing panel is where to place it.
The lift-and-swing type includes a steel shield mounted on a frame. Typically, owners equip such a door with an electric drive with remote control so that you can open the garage from the cab. The raised door is placed under the ceiling parallel to the floor, not occupying the space of the garage.
The surface of stainless steel can be coated with various paints and finishes. The main thing is that the coating is light , otherwise you will have to install auxiliary lifting mechanisms. This door is able to protect the room from breaking and bad weather.
The nuance of installation is the need for a wide (wider than height) opening. It should be borne in mind that after installation, the entry will be approximately 20 cm lower. It is advisable to open the garage with such a door no more than 20 times a day, because the mechanical parts wear out quickly. If a serious malfunction of one of the components of the installation occurs, the entire structure will be replaced, which will cost a serious amount. Standard gates are made in the size of 2-2.7 x 1.8-2.2 m.
Classic swing gates consist of sashes, hinged to the posts. The door can open in or out. In one of the wings, owners often additionally make a door for entry.
This option is durable and relatively low cost. They equip heated garages. But to install such a door, you need to take care of a flat area from the opening side, so that the door does not cling to anything when moving. Sizes and materials for manufacturing may be different.
Sliding gates are equipped with special rollers that slide when the shield or grille moves to the side when the entrance opens. But for installation, you need to have a place equal in width to the sash, so that it can fully be located on the side in the open position. So, if the gates are installed outside the garage, it is necessary that there is enough free space on the street near the entrance, and if inside, then the garage should be wide enough with a supply of walls.
Of the design advantages , strength, unpretentiousness in maintenance and space saving before departure can be noted . The disadvantage is the specific requirements for installation. Availability of sufficient space on the side of the entrance (minimum - 1.5 times more than the width of the gate). This is not a good option for garage complexes and cooperatives, where the buildings are built close to each other. Rather, these gates are suitable for high long fences with a wide entrance opening.
Rolling gates (rolling shutters) - a common type of construction for garages and other buildings in security systems in developed countries. They are made in the size of 150-450 x 150-270 cm. The cost of the product depends on the material, additional devices and its size.
Modern devices have a reliable engine and increased burglary resistance.
The design of shutters for gates with a wicket door is quite simple for equipping it with a garage without involving a specialist. It is presented in the form of specific blinds and includes basic and auxiliary elements.
- cloth of metal strips;
- two guide tracks along which the web moves;
- a roller on which the web is wound upon lifting;
- the box in which the roller is located;
- drive lifting the blade;
- locks holding lamellas together.
Additional elements are provided if necessary. It could be:
- security alarm;
- remote control mechanism;
- heaters and rubber seals;
- heating system design, necessary in harsh climates.
Also, street roller shutters differ among themselves in the material of manufacture, method of actuation, installation method and reliability.
The material can be steel or aluminum:
- The sheet of steel lamellas is resistant to breaking and soundproofing. But this option is very expensive.
- Aluminum is more prone to deformation, but unlike steel, the product is less expensive, lighter, resistant to rust and looks aesthetically pleasing.
According to the method of driving the lifting mechanism can be electronic and mechanical:
- Electronic is equipped with a drive that is triggered by pressing a button on a panel or remote control. And even when the current supply is cut off, the charge is enough to open the door, but with the help of a special key - the measure necessary to protect against hacking.
- The mechanical type is opened manually. It is much cheaper and easier to maintain, but relevant for paintings weighing less than 30 kg.
As for reliability, it can be strengthened by installing an additional alarm with motion sensors. But this will noticeably hit the owner’s budget.
According to the degree of protection, roller shutters are divided into three classes:
- Low (classic) - protects from dust and sound vibrations, as well as from changes in weather conditions.
- Medium - it includes a sheet of steel lamellas with good resistance to damage.
- High - type of armored shutters resistant to bullets and fire.
Depending on the place and method of installation, products can be:
- External (laid on) - are established outside. The box is located above the opening.
- Recessed (internal) - mounted inside the opening, being a more reliable design.
- Combined - require additional space above the opening.
The box in all three cases can be located both inside and outside the room.
Installing a roller shutter with the right tool will not be difficult. Installation instructions should not raise questions. The main thing is that before work you should prepare all the auxiliary equipment:
- a hammer;
- construction foam;
- screwdriver (screwdriver);
- mounting level;
- hammer drill;
- riveter with rivets;
- scissors for metal;
- sealant (acrylic / silicone);
We must not forget to make measurements of the opening, to determine the type of gate, coating and the presence of additional installations. Next, the door is installed in a clear sequence of actions.
The first step is to prepare the surface for installation. All irregularities, cracks and depressions are smoothed out with special mixtures. Different kinds of tubercles and roughness are chiselled, the surface is processed.
After this, guide rails are prepared. On them, departing from the end of 10 cm, a mark is applied. Another 0.5 m from her. Holes with a diameter of 0.8 cm are drilled in these places. In addition, a hole of 11.5 mm is made in the upper part of the guide to fix the plugs.
In order to maintain the density and free movement of the web in the guide tires, it is important that the diagonal difference in the entrance opening is no more than 5 mm. Otherwise, skew may occur. The correct location of the sides of the opening is checked by plumb (the sides) and the level (upper and lower).
The lid is adjusted to the box, after which several holes with a diameter of 4 mm are made. There will be rivets. Then, holes are drilled separately for installing the box itself. If the gates will be of the external type - you need to drill in the rear surface of the box, and if the built-in - in the top.
Another hole is made when the drive is connected. And only then the slats are connected to the box. The assembled structure is adjusted to fit the garage door, adjusted by the building level. Marks are made in place of the fastener holes, and the structure retracts to the side. Marking places are perforated and dowels are inserted into the resulting recesses.
The protective film is carefully removed from the frame, and the entire structure is installed in the doorway, joining the holes in the frame and in the wall. After checking the level, the frame is fixed with fasteners. All bolts and screws are tightened evenly to avoid distortions, which subsequently affect the operation of the roller shutter.
The choice of fasteners should correspond to the degree of load. So, for a brick and concrete wall, it is better to take a steel anchor with a diameter of 30 mm or more. For metal surfaces - self-tapping screws. For wood - screws. A wall with voids should be equipped with anchors with a diameter of 60 mm or more.
The last strip of the canvas is equipped with crossbar locks. The canvas itself with the edges fitted to the grooves is wound on the roller. Traction springs are installed on the upper part to facilitate the lifting of the structure.
Further, on the upper and lower lamellas of the part of the canvas covering the opening, stoppers are installed that regulate the maximum opening / closing of the gate. The operation of the mechanism is carefully checked and, if everything is working properly, the protective film is removed from the canvas, and all the gaps are blown up with foam.
After installation, the gap between the box and the opening should be no more than 0.5 cm.
Manufacturers and reviews
The price of the roller shutter directly depends on the materials from which they are made, the complexity of the design and the availability of auxiliary systems (protection against burglary, fires, etc.). The simplest and most common option is a product from an aluminum profile with a mechanical drive. This is the best option for any garage. If there is a need for increased reliability - there is an option from armored materials that can withstand gun shots and high temperatures.
A significant characteristic in the designation of value is the size of the sash. The shutters must correspond to the entrance opening, otherwise the blade will be tight, which will cause wear of the parts.
We should not lose sight of the brand that takes responsibility for the release of the product. This also significantly affects the purchase price:
- The German company Hormann is distinguished by the high cost of roller-type products, combined with excellent quality roller shutters that can serve the customer for decades. Quality has been repeatedly recognized at various exhibitions and confirmed by certificates of international status.
- The Belarusian manufacturer Alutech is one of the largest manufacturers of barrier structures and gates, including components for them. The cost of the company's products corresponds to the quality and customer reviews.
- The Russian brand DoorHan leads the roller shutter market thanks to a wide range of budget class doors. The name of the company is known far outside the country of manufacture and is popular with most owners of garages.
Numerous customer reviews indicate that roller shutter doors for a garage are a very economical option that does not require additional costs for installation and maintenance. Despite the relatively recent emergence, roller shutters confidently fill the market for security devices. In addition, from year to year the system is noticeably modified, acquiring new characteristics and component devices.
So, today you can order a canvas with anti-vandal coating, resistant to scratches and graffiti. Also, all kinds of lightweight seals and insulators do not let noise, sound and cold inside the room, while serving as a full-fledged movable wall.
Another plus noted by customers is space savings. Extra square meters occupied by swinging or sliding gates is a luxury, because this place can be used to the maximum benefit. Do not save on security.
We offer you to get acquainted with some examples of the design of garages and other buildings with rolling gates of various modifications, sizes, colors. All of them not only perfectly fulfill their basic functions, but also are a harmonious completion of the exterior of the structure.
To learn how to install electric shutters for a garage, see further.