The elegant coelogin orchid stands out among other representatives of the orchid family with long flowering, as well as relative unpretentiousness and the ability to "forgive" the flaws of a novice gardener. In addition, a large number of appearing snow-white flowers, reminiscent of lace lace from afar, are considered a plus variety.
The coelogin orchid has several varieties, but all of them are characterized by a number of common signs. During sympodial development, formations are formed that have a smooth skin and an oval shape, reaching about 5 centimeters in length. At the top of each pseudobulb a pair of green leaves grows, and at the bottom there are peduncles with several pleasantly smelling buds. Each flower, in turn, has five petals and a broad three-lobed lip. Dissolving, they increase to a diameter of 9 centimeters.
Orchid roots are quite short. Sheets of coelogin sometimes reach a length of 30 centimeters. They have a beautifully pleated fold, rich green tint and attractive gloss.
The flowers of most coelogin are painted in sparkling snow-white color. Sometimes cream and green-yellow samples are also found. On the lip often form a kind of yellow or orange outgrowths, called the crest. The aroma of such an orchid is pleasantly sweet and unobtrusive.
The plant blooms in mid-winter, and the period of open buds continues until the beginning of spring. Depending on development conditions, these dates may shift, for example, flowering will occur in March and last until July.
For home growing, a rather large number of varieties of this orchid are selected, and there are about a hundred of them in total. For example, it can be varieties of pachistachis, weed, asperat, suvada, odoardi, assamika, handiflora or moore.
Kristata, which is also called cephalic herb, grows in natural conditions only in the Himalayas, almost in the snow. This explains the fact that this variety feels good at low temperatures.
Cristata blooms in the usual interval from mid-winter to early spring.
Pseudobulbs form in the form of an elongated ball, from 3 to 5 centimeters long, and sometimes take the form of a tetrahedron with a pair of long leaves. On each peduncle, approximately 8 flowers appear, painted in a beautiful white color and reaching 10 centimeters in diameter. The lip is characterized by the presence of 3 lobes and 5 outgrowths resembling scallops. The height of the coelogin comb reaches a range of 15 to 30 centimeters.
Tselogin tomenta or massange is a rather capricious orchid. Her flowers appear smaller than usual, but pseudobulbs have a much larger diameter. The leaves of the massange grow very long, up to 50 centimeters long, but narrow - the width is only 1 centimeter.
Unlike the same crest, the leaves are on the petioles, and the roots have a considerable length. The buds appear cream-colored with brown outgrowths on the lip.
Flacid or drooping
Flocid coelogin or drooping is a fairly compact flower, delighting gardeners with deliciously smelling white flowers. The lip of the orchid is decorated with a triple of outgrowths, as well as specks of yellow-orange color. On an elongated peduncle usually appears from 15 to 17 buds.
Bulbs, by the way, are also quite long and have a pair of bright glossy sheets.
The coelogin of the pandurate is characterized by the presence of elongated pseudobulbs, the length of which is in the range from 8 to 10 centimeters. The length of the leaves belonging to the type of belt-shaped, reaches 45 centimeters. The flower stalk is covered with a dozen flowers, painted in a creamy green hue. The lip is decorated with specks of black and brown.
Pandurata is a thermophilic plant, which blooms in the first months of summer.
Specosa or beautiful
Celogin speciosa orchid can grow in natural conditions both on trees and on rocks. Dense pseudobulbs, shaped like a testicle, form on a thickened rhizome. The length of the leaves ranges from 10 to 40 centimeters, and their end is a sharp tip.
From one to four flowers appear on the peduncle, blooming one after another and reaching a diameter of a dozen centimeters.
Coelogin Rohussen is an epiphyte. In nature, it grows on the islands, in conditions of high humidity. With development, a large number of peduncles with beautiful flowers appear. The aroma of such an orchid resembles a citrus smell.
In natural conditions, coelogin ovalis grows epiphytically on trees. It is characterized by the appearance of yellow-green flowers with a lip covered with streaks of brown. The size of the opened bud reaches 3 centimeters. The length of the pseudobulb ranges from 3 to 6 centimeters, and their width is only 1.5 centimeters. The formations have a pair of leaves and a spindle-shaped form. The length of the saturated green leaves is not too long - only 15 centimeters. The width of one formation ranges from 2.5 to 4 centimeters.
A twelve-centimeter peduncle grows on the crown of a pseudobulb.
Coelogin tomentoza is, in fact, the same coelogin massange, the characteristics of which are described above.
General rules for home care
The coelogin orchid requires good lighting throughout the year. The optimal indicator is in the range from 4000 to 6000 lux - it can be achieved if you place the pots on the east or west window. If the orchid looks to the north, then it will need additional lighting, and if to the south - then protection from direct sunlight . The length of daylight should be observed for 12 or 14 hours, regardless of the time of year. This suggests that in winter you can’t do without additional lighting anyway. Coelogins feel good in greenhouses or flower showcases, but at home they should be placed either in the kitchen or in the bathroom equipped with a window. In addition, it is better to find a place higher - on a rack or shelf.
Different types of orchids prefer different temperature conditions. On average, during the warm months, this indicator does not go beyond 20 to 25 degrees of heat. In winter, heat-loving flowers require a temperature of at least 10 degrees, and cold-loving flowers - about 5 degrees.
The cycle of some coelogin includes a rest period, while for others it is absent. In the first case, during this period it is important to provide the flower with proper conditions, for example, to reduce the amount of water used for irrigation.
At this time, watering is carried out when the topsoil dries out, and in a cool climate it is generally replaced by spraying. In the fall, irrigation should also decrease. The flower requires the most moisture while the roots grow and new pseudobulbs form. In general, coelogin does not tolerate complete drying of the soil, especially while orchid growth occurs . In summer, you can determine the need for watering by the condition of young pseudobulbs - if they wrinkled, then the time for irrigation has come.
Ideally, it is recommended to irrigate coelogin by lowering the pot into a container of water for several minutes. The fluid used must be filtered or even boiled.
If this recommendation is not taken into account, then a salt coating will appear on the soil surface, which, of course, will harm the plant. The temperature of the liquid should be set slightly higher than the air temperature so that the roots do not get too cold. Humidity in the room should be high. To provide it in the morning and evening, it is recommended to spray the orchid with stagnant water. In addition, it will be useful to organize a pan under the pot filled with expanded clay and filled with water.
When planting, it is better to purchase a ready-made soil mixture for orchids. It is important that the soil is fine-grained and contains fragments of pine bark, 1 cm long, as well as decomposed leaf compost . If the coelogins have long roots, then it would be better to place a flower on blocks of pine bark. Having fixed the rhizome by using wire, then it must be covered with sphagnum. Care in this case is characterized by more frequent watering and spraying.
A transplant is carried out only when the size of the pot does not match the size of the plant. During the procedure, it is recommended to place pebbles or several pieces of granite at the bottom of the pot, especially if a small bush can turn over. While the orchid is actively developing, fertilizer should be applied every week.
When flowering already begins, top dressing is reduced to once a month.
At home, it is recommended to propagate the orchid of coelogin by division. An adult flower that has formed several large pseudobulbs is suitable for this purpose. When forming the dividends, it is important to ensure that both young and mature formations, as well as a developed root system, are present on each . Separation is carried out in the spring, and not by hand, but with the help of a pointed tool with maximum accuracy.
Usually each orchid is divided into two or three parts. During the process, it is worth leaving the ground on the roots, as well as immediately treat the injuries of the roots with crushed coal. The seed propagation method is used only in industry, with special equipment.
Diseases and pests
Most often, the coelogin orchid suffers from various fungal diseases, especially in case of excessive watering. Treatment is fairly quick and effective with the use of suitable fungicides. The water should be soft and, ideally, filtered, because salinization of the soil leads to drying and dying of the leaves. The most likely pest that can settle on a flower is a spider mite, although aphid and whitefly attacks also often occur. Having discovered the pest, the orchid must be washed with warm water and again treated with an insecticide. However, coelogin does not respond best to the use of chemicals, so if possible, use mechanical removal of insects and a change in care measures.
Next you will find tips for caring for the coelogin orchid.