Bright juicy tulips can turn even the simplest flowerbed into a luxurious flower garden. Unfortunately, it is far from always possible to plant them in the winter, but you should not be upset - planting any bulbs is real in spring too. If you know all the intricacies of carrying out such work, then this season you can already admire the beautiful multi-colored hats on your personal plot.
Tulips bloom best in spring, which were planted in the ground in the fall and survived wintering in the ground. Bulbs are usually planted in the second half of September - early October ; during the cold winter, plants accumulate the forces necessary for plentiful and long flowering. However, you can put these beauties in March or the first half of April. True, in areas with a cool climate without container distillation, they can bloom only after a year - they need time to fully mature the flower bud. If you first plant the bulbs in a small pot so that they have time to acclimatize and adapt, the plants can please with their spectacular flowering already in the current season.
Of course, the blooming of “spring” tulips is not so plentiful in comparison with the “winter”, and multi-colored hats will appear a little later, but then the flowers planted in the fall are replaced by spring ones, and the flower bed remains bright and colorful for a long time.
Spring planting of bulbs is carried out as early as the natural and climatic factors allow. It is best to put them in small containers in the winter days, and at the moment when the air temperature becomes stably warm, and the threat of return frosts passes, move them to a permanent place. So that the very first sprouts do not freeze, the temperature of the substrate at a depth of 10-15 cm should not be lower than +9 degrees Celsius.
Varietal features of different types of tulips should be taken into account: there are earlier and, conversely, later varieties. An important factor, largely influencing the characteristics of cultivation, is the climate in various regions. For example, in the Kuban, you can plant bulbs for further distillation in pots already in mid-February, in March, and in the northern regions the planting period is advanced a month in advance, however, keep in mind that in any case, planting must be completed before June - in the summer not allowed.
The secrets of the plentiful flowering of tulips is very simple - the bulb must have a flower bud prepared for budding, and in order for it to mature, the bulb needs to be in a cool place for some time. And she should lie there not a day, or even a week, but a much longer time, preferably not less than a month. Only in this case will it be able to form correctly, and tulips will not only release leaves, but at the same time will please with their spectacular flowering.
If you bought seed from November to the first decade of March, just put it in the refrigerator , just don’t try to keep it in the freezer - the bulbs will not survive. It is advisable to wrap each of them in thin paper - this is necessary for better preservation of the seedlings, but you do not need to use a plastic bag, the kidney in them simply suffocates.
In order for the bulbs to give full and strong sprouts during spring planting, it is important to carry out procedures in advance aimed at strengthening the immunity of tulips. In particular, after hardening, the planting material is subjected to disinfection in order to exclude the possible infection with fungal diseases. To this end, the tubers are kept in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate for about 30 minutes. Do not neglect this stage - remember that strong and healthy tulips grow exclusively from bulbs of the highest quality.
Before planting, you need to carefully inspect the seedlings to make sure that the integrity of the upper layer is not broken. No rot, stains, cracks, or splits should be observed on the surface. Any planting stock with marriage should be immediately postponed - only stunted, weakly flowering plants can be obtained from them.
Experienced flower growers recommend additionally keeping the tulip bulbs in the infusion of celandine before planting - this gives the plant special resistance to external adverse factors.
In spring, tulips can be planted in open ground and in ordinary pots. A pot method is preferable, since the flowers thus obtained are distinguished by a greater strength and endurance than those grown in open ground.
In open ground
Tulips quite gratefully respond to organic fertilizers. The best substrate for them is humus-enriched soil with neutral pH, it is advisable to take a mixture of loam and sandy loam.
Clay soil requires the addition of fine river sand, as well as the addition of a small amount of peat and manure; a little lime is added to create the necessary acidity.
With the arrival of heat, as soon as the soil thaws, it is necessary to prepare the soil for planting tulips. To do this, you need to dig it to a depth of 25-35 cm and add any organic fertilizing, except for manure - the rotted compost is best for this.
If the fertility of the land reserved for tulips is in doubt, then you need to add mineral fertilizing: the most effective are potassium preparations, as well as nitrogen and phosphorus.
If you have large bulbs at your disposal, then they should be planted in the holes one at a time, but last year’s young children can be placed in groups of 4-5 each.
Keep in mind, tulip stalks rise quite high above the ground as they grow, so to give the flowerbed a more decorative look and create a “flowering carpet” effect, forget-me-nots, daisies or other low-growing crops can be planted on them, tulips look pretty impressive next to hosts, bruners and astilbe.
Depth of planting also depends on the size of the bulb: large ones are located at a depth of 10-15 cm, and small ones are at a depth of 7-8 cm. Moreover, the distance between the holes should not be less than two diameters of the seedling, usually 8-10 cm, row spacings make a little more - 20-30 cm.
The bulb must be placed in the hole as accurately as possible, in no case do you need to squeeze them, as this can violate the integrity of the planting material and slow down the appearance of shoots.
Keep in mind that tulips react extremely negatively to stagnation of water, therefore it is advisable to arrange a flower bed so that it has a slightly sloping shape, the presence of hollows and all kinds of pits in the flower bed is strictly not allowed - moisture can accumulate in them.
Interesting: Dutch flower growers have introduced the practice of a "multi-storey" method of planting tulip bulbs in open ground - it allows you to grow several groups of plants with different flowering periods at once in one plot. The technology is elementary - crops are planted with different depths. For example, they plant a bulb of bush tulips and sprinkle with 5 cm soil, hyacinths plant on top, another small layer of soil is placed on top of them and crocuses are planted closer to the surface. As a result, a flowerbed is obtained at the cottage, in which, successively replacing each other, several exotic plants bloom, and all that is required of you is just to admire them.
In the pots
First you need to finally decide whether you plan to plant tulips for the purpose of further distillation, or whether they will remain to develop and bloom in spacious decorative flowerpots.
In the first case, you can use absolutely any containers, in the second you should give preference to ceramic models, preferably wide and low. Of course, plastic products are much cheaper, but they do not allow air, which is so important for the full formation of the root system of your tulips.
The rest of the landing technique is the same and includes several basic steps.
To begin with, the bottom of the pot is poured with expanded clay or coarse pebbles - it will act as a drainage that removes all excess moisture and does not allow the bulb and roots to rot in the substrate.
The rest of the pot is filled with a mixture of turf and garden soil with the addition of river sand and humus so that about 10-15 cm remain to the top.
Planting material is placed on the soil layer with the pointed end of the bulb up. If several bulbs are planted in one container, then a step of 10 cm should be maintained between them.
The onion is covered with soil mixture, leaving 2-3 cm to the edge of the container.
The containers are exposed in a well-lit place - a windowsill or a balcony.
When the sprouts hatch, you can begin hardening the plant - for this, the containers are carried outside for several hours, gradually increasing the time it stays in natural conditions. Once the threat of spring frost has passed, tulips can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Tulip bulbs planted in the spring should be properly looked after even at the stage of leaf formation, during this period it is necessary to carry out:
- digging out all defective plants, their further destruction, otherwise they can become a source of infection for other sprouts;
- light irrigation to prevent drying out of an earthen coma;
- careful loosening of the earth near young shoots - this is important for air access to the emerging root system;
- the first feeding - it is advisable to fertilize tulips with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, which determine the accelerated growth of lush green mass.
You will learn more about how to plant tulips in the spring in the next video.