A very high price for factory equipment samples is compensated by craftsmen through the creation of improvised equipment. An example of this is a wood milling device made from an electric drill with its own hands, which will cost almost nothing. To the machine you just need to purchase a set of cutters.
Structure and purpose
In simple words, the structure of the milling apparatus can be described as follows: the electric motor of the unit reports rotation to the shaft on which the mill is located (specialized nozzle).
When a manual fixture is installed, the milling cutter is placed in a special cartridge, cam or collet.
The key objective of the device is the processing of plastic, iron, wood, glass, ceramic or organic glass.
An example is the preparation of technological holes for a door lock in a wooden cloth.
In addition, it can be the processing of the edges of parts or threading, milling of cavities and grooves.
Rotation is provided by an electric motor, operating from a network of alternating electric current. Nozzles can be used the most diverse based on the material that you want to process.
The simplest material for milling is wood, so basically milling cutters for its processing will be especially common and inexpensive. For metals of different levels of strength and viscosity, nozzles should be used that differ in their properties depending on the characteristics of the material being milled.
Of course, cutters for metals or wood are not suitable for processing ceramics or glass, for such materials it is necessary to choose a cutting tool with other parameters.
Materials and tools
To complete the assembly of the fixture, the following materials and tools will be required:
- electric motor;
- electric jigsaw (for lack of - a hacksaw manual);
- screws, locknuts, self-tapping screws, clamp;
- milling cutter;
- 4 bars of wood;
- keyless clamps;
- Chipboard - for the base of the unit.
You do not need to be a specialist to operate these tools. Pre-test the performance of electrical tools and worry about complying with safety regulations.
Putting the foundation together
First, consider the structure of the desktop and the layout of the router on it. On the lid you can not go in cycles, but get in a special store, only this is relatively expensive. To make it yourself, use the drawings. A high-quality table guarantees comfort and makes it possible to speed up the work of the mill. The basis is a plate made of strong plastic or chipboard with a thickness of at least 12 centimeters. Plastic is not afraid of dampness, however, it is easier and faster to make a lid from chipboard.
The lid is arranged on the rails. Provide the ability to adjust them to adjust the position of the table for yourself. Also keep in mind that the area around the work area must be enclosed. This is of great importance when working with a manual router. In addition, a blanking device is required for blanks.
We create an adjustment elevator and mount a drill
Cut a small panel from the chipboard and make 4 support bars for it. The materials used must be of high quality and strong. On the table top, cut a semicircular hole with an electric knife or a jigsaw. Make slots for the stop sheet and retainers. Attach the panel to the motor using bolts or special fasteners. The milling cutter must be fixed to the table with the help of bearing units. In order to increase the quality of fixing the electric drill in a vertical position, you need to grow a block of wood in the upper part of the rack. It will play the role of a stop for an electric drill. At the final stage of creating a milling cutter, sand all its wooden surfaces with sandpaper. The site should be on a solid and durable basis.
Making a milling cutter from an electric drill is simple; Nevertheless, one must understand the principle of functioning of such equipment. I must say that it is quite simple. The basic component is an engine that, rotating, communicates this rotation to a shaft made of strong material. A nozzle - a mill is put on this element. It processes the parts laid on the bed of the device. It should be noted that when the conversation is about a hand-held device, the workpiece will not be fixed to the shaft, but in the cartridge. Based on the material being processed, the mill also changes. Especially if brass is required. To work with glass, you will need to buy a cutter from a first-class and hard alloy.
Of course, just mounting a milling cutter from an electric drill is not enough - you need to properly care for it so that it functions for a long time. Experts give several of the following recommendations.
- All wood surfaces need not only to be thoroughly treated with an emery cloth, but also treated with a protective coating to increase the ability to resist various adverse effects from the outside.
- The device control system should be carefully designed so that it is extremely comfortable.
- You can make certain additions, such as a system for cleaning the work area from chips. For example, install a small pipe that you can attach to the hose from a simple vacuum cleaner.
Advantages and imperfections of an electric drill milling cutter
A self-made construction has obvious advantages, the key among which are the following:
- home-made machine will cost much cheaper than the factory;
- electric drill milling machine makes it possible to work with surfaces of various kinds;
- it’s quite easy to assemble the device, apart from the moment of wiring;
- ease of use;
- ease of maintenance.
There are few significant shortcomings in homemade equipment. The main disadvantages include the following points.
- Hand milling machine made from improvised materials is not durable.
- Part speed is too slow.
- The resources of the electric motor taken from an old household device are not enough for functioning with difficult materials and surfaces, in particular, with metal. This defect can be eliminated. For this, it is advisable to take a high-speed electric motor from a rotary hammer. This will allow you to adjust the speed for various materials.
So, following simple tips, you can mount a router from an ordinary electric drill. Thoroughly customize elements and use exceptionally high quality materials. Do not try to benefit from electric drills, remember: when the device loses its relevance, you can dismantle the machine and use it for its intended purpose. Take your time to throw out the table and elevator - they can also be dismantled and compactly put in a drawer until next time.
See how to make a router from a drill with your own hands in the next video.