For a long time, the walls in the kitchen were only finished with tiles or wallpaper, but nowadays there are quite a few alternative options for facing this functional room. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. Let us dwell in more detail on the various types of such materials.
The finishing materials used during repairs in the kitchen are subject to the most stringent requirements. First of all, they must be resistant to high humidity. In Soviet times, the walls were glued with oilcloth, but such material did not let air through at all, which led to a significant deterioration in the indoor microclimate. Washable wallpapers replaced the oilcloth, but they turned out to be extremely short-lived.
All this led to the fact that ceramic tiles took the lead among all the finishing materials. This material is dense, durable, is well washed from all types of contaminants, does not collapse under the influence of acid-base solutions, and also inhibits the spread of fire in case of fire. Despite its many advantages, tiles have a very serious drawback - materials are quite expensive, and their installation requires certain skills and experience, and it takes a lot of time.
Given the limited budget and time, you can replace the tile with other options for wall decoration:
- cladding facing;
- the use of plastic panels.
And also often, instead of tiles, decorative plaster is used, and when arranging an eco-house, they resort to fiberboard and lining.
It is worth considering each alternative option separately in order to more clearly understand, evaluate and, possibly, choose the right one for yourself.
To paint the walls in the kitchen, only waterproof paints are used, most often water-based paints - such compositions have no chemical smell, dry very quickly, and are quite cheap.
When applying paint from the applied layer, water evaporates very quickly, but the coating does not create obstacles for the penetration of steam and air, so the walls can “breathe”. One of the most popular varieties of water emulsion is antibacterial paint. As a rule, it is available in a white shade, but you can get any desired shade if you add the right color to the paint. This paint contains silver oxide, due to which it acquires fungicidal properties. In addition, if you coat the walls with such paint, the color remains for a very long time, without delaminating and without cracking.
There are also disadvantages. The most unpleasant of them is that if a stain appears on such a coating, it will not be possible to wash it. In this case, you will have to repaint the entire wall.
Naturally, we are talking about decorative plaster. Additional properties give it decorative properties - sawdust or stone chips. The advantages of such a coating include the following features:
- ease of application;
- universality - the surface for processing can be absolutely any (concrete, stone, wood or metal);
- when applying plaster a seamless surface is formed;
- the relief coating does not require prior alignment of the walls to an ideal state, since it is able to hide all their minor defects;
- plaster consists of environmentally friendly components;
- the material can withstand elevated temperatures up to 70 degrees - this is very important in the kitchen, especially if the owners cook a lot;
- the coating is fire resistant;
- plaster is an environment in which fungi and mold do not multiply.
The disadvantage of such a coating is associated with a large consumption of material and its high cost.
Wood is an environmentally friendly natural material, it has a warm soft color and noble texture. It is noteworthy that wood has the ability to control the level of humidity in the kitchen, while it passes air well, and if it is treated with special water-repellent compounds, the lining also becomes hygroscopic.
For decoration of a kitchen room, a lining of alder, cedar, linden, and oak is traditionally used. Coniferous materials, which have a pleasant aroma and at the same time secrete volatile, have pronounced antibacterial properties, are in high demand.
The disadvantage of lining is its high cost and low fire resistance.
This is a demanded material, better known as PVC panels, which in most cases are sold in stores in the form of rectangular strips with different parameters of length and width.
The panels can be fixed directly to the walls (if they are smooth) or to an installed frame. The material is moisture resistant and easy to clean if dirt and grease get on it. The panels do not conduct electric current, so you can wire them behind them to illuminate the kitchen or household appliances.
Modern industry produces panels of various colors and textures. Very often, products are made to imitate stone, wood, leather, as well as metal or mirrors.
Not without flaws. So, upon impact, the plastic may break, and under the influence of elevated temperatures, the panels are deformed.
Poor quality panels often have an unpleasant odor.
In addition, the walls in the kitchen can be decorated with marble tiles, MDF panels, as well as wall linoleum - so far little-known material to the Russian consumer.
You will learn how to properly putty walls in the next video.