With the onset of spring, one of the early flowering plants, tulips, is gaining color in the gardens. Buds of various shapes, sizes and colors delight the eye with their variety and beauty. Breeders have created many types of tulips that differ in the shape of a glass or flower petals. Flowers with petals with a fringed edge look very decorative.
Among the wide variety of tulips, there is a small group of varieties allocated in a separate class: Fringed. The presence of fragile openwork needles of different lengths, located in a mess at the edges of the petals, is a hallmark of this class. The first variety with characteristic petals was registered in the year 30 of the last century under the name "Sandu", which translates as a sundew, for similarity with the behavior of a predatory flower. Fringed tulips were singled out in a separate group in 81 of the twentieth century.
Today, there are more than 54 varieties of tulips belonging to the fringed class. Among them there are early, medium and late flowering species, as well as suitable for distillation in room conditions. The beauty of the flowers is ensured not only by the openwork fringe, but also by the variety of shapes of the flower glass, color and number of petals. There are simple and double species with buds in the form of a glass and lilac-colored.
The color of fringed tulips contains all the colors and shades characteristic of these plants, except black. Among the various varieties there are flowers with monophonic buds ranging from pure white to dark purple, and tulips, in which there are several colors and shades in the palette at the same time. Fringed hybrids inherit all the qualities of maternal varieties and have greater resistance to atmospheric phenomena due to the denser structure of the petals.
Due to the stiffness of the flower leaves, they retain the shape of the bud for a long time and are ideal for creating bouquets, combining well with simple late tulips, especially black shades.
Although the number of cultivated varieties of fringed tulips, compared to other groups, is small, the beauty of the flower leaves no one indifferent. Among the variety of varieties, everyone will find their favorite species.
Simple or terry, they are all delightful and make you want to touch the petals to make sure they are fresh flowers.
Simple tulips have only 6 fringed petals.
- The snow-white variety of Dayton resembles swan wings. A short, only 400 mm, super-fringed flower with a glass of 70–90 mm is suitable for cutting and decorating flower beds.
- The snow-white hoarfrost of fringe on the edge of red petals is decorated with the Canasta tulip. Late-flowering plants about half a meter high look good in plantings in groups of 8-12 pieces and are suitable for cutting.
- Red-orange with a thick yellow needle-shaped fringe on the outside and saffron yellow with a canary-colored bottom in a greenish fringing inside, the Lambada tulip resembles a dancing flame. A plant 600 mm high with a bud in the shape of a 70 mm glass belongs to the late-flowering varieties and is ideal for cutting.
- The most original Barbados variety is characterized by the presence of a fringe of 3 mm length, not only along the edge, but also along the entire outer side of the crimson petals.
- Davenport is beautiful with a yellow fringe crowning fiery red petals.
- Arma is the smallest variety, characterized by a delicate aroma and red with a scarlet fringed bud.
- A purple fringe flower to match the Cuban Night look looks stern and elegant.
- Hamilton has a yellow glass with a fringe of the same color, bringing bright colors of autumn to the spring riot of colors.
A large number of fringed petals from terry varieties delight those who see this splendor, leaving an unforgettable impression. Any varieties of fringed tulips deserve attention and will be appreciated by others.
- “Vaya con dios” has a delightful yellow color with uneven red stripes. The diameter of the terry bud reaches 150 mm, and the height of the plant is about 50 cm.
- Artichoke is similar to Vaya con dios, only it has far fewer red spots.
- Snow Crystal - a snow-white variety with greenish lower petals, looks like ice cream on a green plate.
- The unique charm of Queensland pink with a wide white border is amazing. With a plant height of about 350 mm, the diameter of the flower reaches 130 mm.
- Cool Crystal captivates with a deep pink color surrounded by pale pink, almost white fringe. Large buds up to 120 mm high have a delicate pleasant aroma.
- The sunny yellow Mon Amour with flower diameters up to 120 mm truly embodies the love that illuminates everything around. A large glass of flower has a delicious aroma.
- Sensual Touch in its bloom resembles a peony of a salmon color with yellow fringe and greenish veins on the outside of the petals.
- Tulip "Mascotte" has many dark pink petals, as if powdered with whitish hoarfrost. A small bud with a diameter of 50–70 mm sits on a strong peduncle up to 400 mm high.
To see all the splendor of fringed tulips at the time of flowering, you need to properly care for the plant.
- Tulips grow on any fairly loose neutral soils. If the soil is clay, then sand is added to the soil before planting. Acidic soil 2 years before planting tulip bulbs is neutralized with slaked lime.
- Planting and replanting of bulbs occurs in the autumn, when the soil temperature drops to 9 ° C at a depth of 100 mm. Large bulbs are buried by 180–200 mm, and small ones by 80–120 mm. Simple tulips can be replanted every 2-3 years, while terry varieties require an annual change of place.
- You can plant in groups of different varieties to decorate the garden or in rows of the same species, if the plants are planned for propagation. Depending on the size of the planting material, the distance between plants is 50–100 mm, and between rows 0.2–0.3 m.
- In order for a tulip to please lush flowering, it needs to be fertilized 3-4 times with mineral fertilizers during the growing season. The very first top dressing is performed on melting snow. Then - when the sprouts appear, the next - at the time of bud formation. The latter is carried out at the end of flowering. For feeding, you can use ready-made universal fertilizer "Kemira Universal-2", you should avoid fresh organic fertilizers, for example, not overripe manure.
- When the leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow, the bulbs are dug up, sorted and dried in the shade at a temperature of about 30 °. For fringed varieties, drying speed is important: the sooner the bulbs dry, the less likely it is to get fungal infections.
- Sorted bulbs are stored at a temperature of about 16 ° in a dry, dark place.
You can watch the overview of terry and terry-fringed tulips in the video below.