Violet due to its beauty and variety of varieties won the love of many plant growers. She does not require much attention to herself, but she will delight with large and beautiful flowers, if she is fed in time, and gives her the necessary amount of light and moisture.
Violet "Georgia" from breeder T. Dadoyan has pink, large double flowers . A yellow-green border and raspberry dusting adorn them along the edge. The hem may be thick and thin, depending on the time of year.
The intensity of the shade of the flowers also changes. The first flowers are the largest, they reach a diameter of 6 centimeters, the next are less. There are many flower stalks, and when the buds open, they fall under the weight. In order for leaf mass to grow, it is necessary to remove peduncles more often. There is not a lot of foliage on the bush, all of it is straight, dies quickly and loses its attractiveness, therefore it requires timely pruning. The outlet turns out to be messy, so the foliage often twists.
In general, violets are able to adapt to different conditions in the room, but sometimes they can be capricious and not bloom. It is best to maintain the inside temperature from 21 to 23 degrees during the day and at night not lower than 15 degrees. These are plants that prefer high humidity in the environment. It is especially important to take care of this in the winter, when the heating is working in the room, and the air becomes completely dry.
Professionals use automatic humidifiers , you can take a simple spray gun or put containers with pebbles and water on the window. An east or west window is best suited for violets. You can use the northern part, but only in the summer.
It is important to keep the leaves free of dust and wipe them with a soft brush.
Soil and capacity
In the market today it is not a problem to find a special, ready-made primer for violets, but you can do it yourself. A potted mixture is prepared from equal parts of peat, vermiculite and perlite. When transplanting, do not ram the soil too tightly, since violets prefer well-aerated soil and bloom in a larger pot, but so that the distance between the root system and the walls is no more than 2 centimeters.
The pH of the soil should be about 6.0-7.5, lime can be added if necessary to reduce the acidity of the soil. It is allowed to add an infusion of cow manure, but very diluted, as well as loam or clay. It is allowed to use not only clay containers, but also plastic containers.
The main condition is the presence of drainage holes at the bottom, otherwise the roots will simply rot.
When watering violets, the breeder should avoid getting water on the leaves, since moisture becomes the main cause of the appearance of subsequently fungal infections. The main problem that novice florists do not think about is the temperature of the water. If it is colder or hotter than the foliage, this can lead to damage called the “ring spot”.
The temperature of the irrigation fluid should be between 18 and 23 degrees. It is such a threshold that is considered safe for most indoor plants. To preserve the flower, it is better to water it under the bush or use a wick, a container with small stones and water. A long nose at the watering can allows you to properly moisten the soil without splashing the leaves. One of the main problems faced by the grower is the formation of white spots on the leaves. This occurs when cold water gets in.
It is impossible to exclude completely moistening the soil from above, since this is how it is possible to remove excess salt from the soil, which is deposited as a result of feeding. Always check the soil before adding new moisture. If it is still wet, it is worthwhile to postpone the procedure for several days, otherwise the breeder will encounter the problem of root rot.
To create from one bush several pretty easy leafy cuttings. As planting material, large leaves are selected with a size of at least 1 centimeter in diameter, preferably from the third row. In the process of preparation, the petiole or stem is cut at an angle at first and inserted into a nutrient medium, for example, a mixture of peat, sand, vermiculite.
In the process of germination, they monitor the moisture of the soil, you can cover it with a film to create the effect of a greenhouse. After about 2 weeks, the leaf will give roots, now you can transplant it into the soil. After 6-8 weeks, small flowers will appear. You can remove the motherboard at this time. The new plant will be ready for transplanting into its own pot in 14-16 weeks.
If the violet is grown under artificial light, then it is worthwhile to apply fertilizer year-round in a lower dose than indicated on the package, but once every 2 weeks. It is advisable to use compositions with a high content of phosphorus and nitrogen, since they are extremely necessary for flowering. We must not forget about the other trace elements and vitamins.
The best choice is a ready-made balanced liquid composition with detailed instructions for use.
Diseases and Pests
Violets are often the object of a worm and a red spider mite. If preventive measures in the form of showering did not help, then it is worth using insecticides to quickly suppress the infection.
It is best to take an organic remedy in the form of a simple soap or natural neem oil for pest control.
During the summer months, the edges of the leaves may turn yellow or burns appear. Most often, the cause is exposure to direct sunlight. To get rid of the problem, you need to push the curtains or move the plant further from the glass. In fact, foliage on violets may turn yellow for a variety of reasons:
- too much fertilizer, so you should reduce the amount of fertilizing;
- salt formation has begun in clay pots; they should be thoroughly washed and the soil changed;
- insufficient watering.
Do not allow water to collect in the crown, this leads to the formation of rot, including root. Always fertilize well-moistened soil. If you do this dry, you can easily burn the roots, as a result of which the leaves wilt and rot. Gray or white formations on the foliage, shoots are wrinkled and curled, the main reason is powdery mildew. Very high humidity is the cause of the disease.
To eliminate it, it will be necessary to provide good ventilation, remove leaves in heavily affected areas and treat with fungicide.
You can learn more about how to rejuvenate a violet.