One of the most beautiful varieties of Saintpaulia is Amadeus, which stands out among the rest with its attractive bright crimson color and snow-white border. It is worth immediately clarifying that the senpolia in horticulture is also known as the Uzambara violet, so this name will often be present in the subsequent text.
Violet "Amadeus" is the work of the breeder, whose name is Konstantin Morev. He bred this variety in 2012. By the way, the correct name of this plant looks like "CM-Amadeus pink", where pink stands for color - pink. Saintpaulia has leaves of a deep green hue, collected in a neat rosette. If you do not engage in its formation, then the diameter of the formation will reach 35 or 40 centimeters. Violet cuttings are quite long, and the leaves themselves are slightly downward. Terry petals with clearly defined edges are painted in bright crimson.
The light border moves from the center, so not only the edges, but also the central part turn out to be different in color. When the "Amadeus" blooms for the first time, the wavy petals grow larger than in subsequent times, but not at all double. In general, the size of the opened bud is in the range of 5 to 7 centimeters, but sometimes reaches 8 centimeters. Coloring is able to change with a change in temperature. For example, in cold weather, the petals are painted in a dark crimson color, and when warming, they are replaced by a pale pink hue.
The bloom of Saintpaulia can occur year-round, but in winter the plant most often rests, and flowers delight florists from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn. In the southern regions, flowering, by the way, can continue in the cold season. The root system is a core system with a low-branched main root and a number of thin lateral roots. The branched stalk reaches 40 centimeters and is either erect or slightly creeping. As already mentioned, the leaves of adult plants turn out to be dark green with a uniform fluff on the lower surface, but in young ones they may be lighter.
It is more convenient to plant a violet in a purchased soil mixture, although independent preparation of the substrate will be no less successful solution. To do this, you need to combine part of vermiculite, part of peat and 3 parts of land from the garden, after which it is necessary to calcine everything in the oven for a couple of hours. Another solution is a 3-day freeze in the refrigerator at a temperature of -20 to -25 degrees, or abundant treatment with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate.
The ideal pot has a diameter of 4 to 5 centimeters.
If the size of the container is very large, then the flower will give all its strength to the development of the root system to fill the space, and not to direct flowering. With the growth of violets, of course, it will have to be transplanted into a larger pot, but the diameter of the latter should still be 2/3 less than the outlet of the plant.
Amadeus will develop well on the windowsills of windows looking east or west. Since only diffused light is suitable for violets, if the flower is placed on the south window, it must be protected from direct sunlight, creating a shade. In principle, it is possible to grow the Saintpaulia on the windowsill of the window looking north. However, in this case, it is important to monitor the condition of the flower - if it begins to stretch, it means that it lacks lighting. In the cold season, the plant is recommended to additionally highlight. In any case , the daylight hours should be between 10 and 12 hours.
"Amadeus" feels good at room temperature, which is in the range from 22 to 25 degrees Celsius. In winter, it will be possible to grow violets at 18 degrees Celsius, and in summer even at 30 degrees Celsius. Drafts affect its condition extremely negatively until the death of the plant, so it is important to avoid them. Violet also reacts poorly to sudden fluctuations in temperature. Optimum humidity ranges from 50% to 55%. At a lower rate, the plant will not die, but the size of the flowers may decrease, and the leaves themselves will tend to fall. You can increase the level of humidity both with the help of a purchased air humidifier, and by placing an ordinary glass of water next to the pot.
Spraying Saintpaulia is strictly prohibited, as it leads to decay of leaves and shoots.
As the Amadeus grows rapidly over time, it has to be transplanted. Usually the need arises when the pot volume is simply not enough for a developed root system, and this happens once or twice a year. It is important that the size of the new container is 2/3 of the flower outlet, otherwise it simply will not be able to bloom. In order not to damage the root system, it is necessary to transplant the violet by the method of transshipment , which implies transferring the plant to a new pot with an earthen lump.
To start the transplant, you need to prepare a pot treated with 70% alcohol or 1% potassium permanganate solution. Drainage is laid out at the bottom, and after that an earthen layer is formed with a thickness of 3 to 5 centimeters. The violet is removed from the pot, and if necessary, it is washed from a poor substrate in warm water. Old and damaged roots are immediately removed. If the soil is in order, then the earth should only be slightly shaken off.
Senpolia is located in a new pot, and all the gaps are filled with fresh soil. The watered flower is cleaned in a well-warmed place with diffused light. The pruning procedure is from March to November. In winter, while the violet is at rest, it should not be disturbed. Mostly dried up shoots and leaves, faded buds, as well as those parts that in any way spoil the decorative attractiveness of the flower, are removed. Experts advise at the beginning of the vegetative period to also eliminate the lower branches of the outlet to make further development more effective.
Fertilization should be year-round, with the exception of the dormant period, usually in winter. As a rule, complex compositions containing all the necessary microelements and macroelements are selected for this purpose. You need to make them 1 time in 2 weeks or even 10 days. From folk remedies, you can try using coffee grounds, peel of citrus fruits or tea leaves.
At the end of autumn and winter, fertilizing is optional, since the flower is at rest.
In spring, it is better to feed Saintpaulia with nitrogen-containing compounds that allow the flower to restore green mass and create new shoots. Starting in May, you can limit yourself to potash and phosphorus. This combination can prolong flowering and increase the number of successfully opening buds. It is important to mention that it is better to use mineral mixtures designed specifically for violets. If other mineral compositions are used, then their concentration should be reduced by a couple of times.
In addition, it should be remembered that the flower should not be fertilized for a month after the transplant. Feeding is also prohibited if the room temperature is below 20 degrees Celsius or above 25 degrees Celsius. You should not fertilize those plants that are sick or are attacked by insects. Finally, the procedure should be carried out in the morning or in the evening, that is, at a time when there is no direct exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
Irrigation should be sufficient, but not abundant. Ideally, the water should be added to the pan as the soil mixture dries. It is important to ensure that the liquid does not get on the flower outlet, otherwise it can even lead to the death of the plant. Water should be taken at a settled temperature and at room temperature - cold will provoke diseases. Top watering during the cultivation of "Amadeus" is used extremely rarely and only by skilled specialists. The bottom irrigation method also works well.
To apply it, the liquid must be poured into the container so that the violet drops by 2 or 3 centimeters. Remains a pot in water from a third of an hour to half an hour. Watering for plant comfort is carried out 1-2 times a week, depending on the condition of the soil. It is worth mentioning that somewhere every 2 months the leaves of the violet are washed out. It is easier to do this using a spray bottle - first spray the sheets, and then wipe them with a soft cloth.
It is important to eliminate all drops so as not to contribute to the development of putrefactive diseases.
It is customary to propagate violets by seeds and cuttings, but most gardeners prefer the second option. To get a new senpolia, you will need to take a healthy and strong leaf located on the second or third row of the lower tier of the plant. An oblique incision is made on the bottom of the sheet at an angle of 45 degrees with a pre-sanitized tool. Next, the leaf is planted either in the ground or in clean water at room temperature. In the case of a liquid, the first roots will appear in about 1.5-2 months.
To speed up the process, you can add a couple of drops of a growth stimulator.
Diseases and Pests
Often the cause of Amadeus diseases is improper care or even planting in an oversized pot. To solve the problem, it is enough to either transplant a flower or change the care system. However, violet often suffers from attacks of a spider mite, powdery mildew, or fusarium. In case of illness, immediate treatment with fungicides is carried out. For example, powdery mildew can be cured with Topaz, and fusarium with Fundazol. Mites will first have to be removed mechanically, and then the sick Saintpaulia should be treated with Fitoverm. Of course, in all cases, damaged parts of plants will have to be removed.
The appearing rot is most likely a symbol of late blight, and it appears due to the overmoistening of air or soil. To remedy the situation, it is necessary to reduce irrigation, treat the plant with a suitable product and dive into a container with clean soil. If only the roots rot, then the problem is the soil mixture, filled with harmful elements that secrete plants. Violet in this case will save only a transplant into a new pot. The appearance of white plaque indicates the disease with powdery mildew, and the curling of the leaves indicates attacks of the spider mite and aphids. In both cases only the use of special compounds will help.
About the beautiful terry violet "Amadeus" see in the next video.