The history of stucco molding dates back to about 1000 years, each nationality using this element emphasized its own style of design. The stucco molding visually adorns the internal and external facade of the building, giving it an aesthetic and refined image. Also, with the help of such a decorative technique, various joints, communications and water pipes are hidden.
Stucco molding today is one of the best decorating methods.
Almost any part of the house is exposed to installation. However, during installation, attention should be paid to all the details, otherwise they can give rise to problems (cracks, premature discoloration). The following advantages of stucco molding are distinguished:
- quick installation;
- wide selection of decorating styles;
- water resistance;
Most often, people use stucco molding to decorate the ceilings and exterior facades of houses .
Special tools are not required in the installation, the lifetime is unlimited, and if you want to update the design, there will be no problems. The general condition of stucco molding can be good for many years and look like a completely new finish.
However, the material used in the manufacture of stucco molding quickly ignites, therefore installation is strictly prohibited in rooms with high temperature - this may include the kitchen. And if we talk about the sun, then the product in this regard is quite heat-resistant. Another advantage of stucco made of modern materials is water resistance.
When installed on the exterior facade of the building, even in severe weather, the stucco molding will not undergo deformation.
Types and forms
Originally, stucco was mainly made of gypsum . Soon it was replaced by polyurethane and polystyrene , however, they are not used in all cases. Stucco made of gypsum is notable for its naturalness. They mold it from traditional clay, which is an indicator of high environmental friendliness. Therefore, when repairing in any room, the material is actually harmless to health. The only drawback is the lack of water resistance, in conditions of high humidity, the material is subjected to further shedding of gypsum.
Modern, technological moldings made of polystyrene contain polystyrene in their composition, due to which humidity is not a hindrance to them . This type is mainly used in the bathroom. In such small rooms, installation can also be done independently, due to which it is possible to save the budget. Polyurethane compounds give stucco light weight compared to gypsum products. The advantage is elasticity, which allows the product to be shaped with extreme accuracy.
According to the forms of stucco molding, the following types are distinguished:
Which is better to choose?
At present, stucco molding for construction works is mainly made of gypsum material, plastic and cantilever. Such gypsum has a dense consistency and does not require a lot of time for preparation. Silicone and plastic molds are great for working with wooden decorations, while cantilever ones are used in the installation of facade products.
Before choosing the size of the stucco molding, it is necessary to take into account its density and the consistency of the composition . For example, gypsum have a more stable molecular system, which gives an advantage in working with massive decors. It’s best not to do large stucco moldings made of silicone, since they can disintegrate if mechanically squeezed. Flexible plastic ones will not collapse, but for a long time they cannot keep their original shape under physical influence.
How to make?
Stucco molding can be done independently at home , the main condition is the availability of special equipment and materials.
Allocate the following list of necessary equipment.
- A table with a flat surface. The product will have to dry, any uneven area will lead to unsuccessful manufacture.
- Film . It should be laid on the table, it should be dense and transparent, since gypsum dusts a lot, and silicone has the property of sticking.
- Tool kit . Spatulas of various sizes, clerical knife, narrow brush, stacks, ruler or tape measure.
- Building clay , and best of all clay .
If there is still no manufacturing experience, it is recommended to work with a silicone product.
You will also need to treat the material with a separation liquid. To begin with, it will be necessary to first prepare a mold for pouring the stucco molding itself. After that, you need to pour hot silicone or clay (a proportion of 10 parts of dry material into 7 parts of water) into the mold, while smoothing the surface with spatulas. After the final drying (after 24 hours), we extract the resulting decor.
For detailed information on how to make a silicone mold for stucco molding, see the video below.