Housing cannot provide a high level of comfort if there is no heat. The most reliable and profitable way of individual heating is the use of an autonomous boiler room . It is such heating that is in demand among consumers, especially among owners of private houses.
What it is?
Autonomous heating center is a complex with heating equipment, which is actively used for heating. The peculiarity of such structures is that they are installed in direct access to buildings that need to be heated.
In addition, such complexes can boast of their versatility. Among the main advantages of such structures are the following.
- Universality . Such a system is capable of stably operating both on solid and on liquid or gaseous fuels.
- Possibility of operational assembly . The production time of the boiler room depends on the design features, however, in general, the manufacture and assembly take a minimum amount of time.
- Readiness from the factory . Block plants are manufactured and stacked directly in the factory. In addition, they undergo the necessary testing and adjustment there, so immediately after delivery, you can begin assembly and operation.
- Advanced automation. Such complexes boast advanced control and safety systems, so they do not need constant monitoring by the user.
- Profitability . These heating centers do not need capital construction, the use of networks and communications, which affects the final cost of the structure.
The high level of technological equipment, as well as the use of advanced equipment and automation means in the production process, makes the operation of the boiler house as simple and convenient as possible.
All boiler rooms are necessarily equipped with an information system that will immediately notify all necessary services in the event of an emergency or dangerous situation.
One of the most important stages of arranging the heating system of a private house is the design stage. It is necessary to provide for all the design features of the room and communications so that in the future there are no problems during operation. If the installation of an autonomous boiler room is carried out in a residential building where repairs are carried out, then some points may appear that should be paid close attention.
Among the main requirements that apply to the premises, the following can be distinguished.
- Boiler equipment may not be installed in every room. According to building codes, only a kitchen or a separate extension is suitable for this, where it will be possible to install a furnace. Often, a basement is used as a place for arrangement.
- A heat boiler is best installed in an extension adjacent to the main facility. In addition, with powerful ceilings, such equipment can be mounted on the roof without problems.
- In accordance with domestic regulations, boilers cannot be installed in the kitchen if their capacity is more than 60 kW.
- The ceiling height in a room with boiler plants can not be less than 2.5 meters.
It is best to erect a detached building in which all the elements of such a system will be located. This is not only convenient, but also provides safety in the event of an emergency.
In this case, you need to take care of the presence of a small window that will allow fresh air to enter the room.
Areas of use
Many areas of industry today cannot work without the use of an autonomous boiler room. This not only saves money, but also makes it possible to continuously heat the necessary rooms. During operation, autonomous boiler rooms can effectively provide industrial and residential premises with heat.
Among the main areas of application of such complexes, the following can be distinguished:
- enterprises involved in the manufacturing sector;
- objects of social importance;
- Housing and communal services;
- oil and gas facilities.
It is worthwhile to understand that modern autonomous boiler rooms may differ from each other , so you should carefully study the features of each model before installation and start use.
In order for the boiler room to work as efficiently as possible, close attention should be paid to design standards . First of all, we pay attention to thermal power, which should not be more than the need for heating or ventilation. If we are talking about a public or administrative building, it is allowed to erect separate boilers, the capacity of which is no more than 3 mW. For production facilities, these can be complexes with a vapor pressure of up to 0.07 MPa. In this case, the power should be no more than the need.
In the process of arranging an apartment building or a private house, it is not allowed to place roof boiler rooms directly on the floors . In addition, boiler houses should not be equipped over production areas or warehouses.
Autonomous boiler rooms are also prohibited for installation in children's or medical facilities.
During the design, it is best to give preference to materials and other elements that will be in harmony with the architectural appearance of the building. Installation should take place in such a way that future cleaning of chimneys does not cause problems and difficulties.
Thus, autonomous boiler rooms are an effective way to heat a room. In the process of choosing the best option, it is worth taking into account the design features of the room, as well as the feasibility of using a certain type of fuel . Such a mobile installation will be economically advantageous both in a private and in an apartment building.
The main function of an autonomous boiler room is to provide heat and hot water to all residential or technological facilities. The advantage of such a complex is that it is ready for use immediately after installation. In order for the complex to fully fulfill the functions assigned to it, it is necessary to pay close attention to the process of its selection.
Most important is the type of fuel that is needed to operate. To date, such complexes can be gas, diesel, operating on waste oil or fuel oil, as well as solid fuel.
Gas are considered the most popular and in demand. The principle of heat generation here is based on the fact that the gas burns and produces heat, while heating all the necessary rooms. The main advantage of such a system is the relative cheapness of fuel and the effectiveness of the equipment itself. With proper installation and use, such boiler rooms can last for many years.
As for the shortcomings of gas options, it can be noted explosiveness. However, all modern boilers boast the presence of various protective mechanisms that prevent fuel leakage. It is on them that you need to pay close attention in the process of choosing an autonomous gas boiler room.
The second most popular diesel autonomous boiler room is considered, in which diesel fuel is used to heat the coolant. It is worth noting that the efficiency here is also quite high. Among the main advantages of this option, it is worth noting its low fire hazard, which usually makes people give it preference. However, it is worth considering that the fuel smells extremely unpleasant, therefore, a terrible smell is constantly present in the boiler room itself.
In addition, the equipment used in such complexes is notable for its demanding quality of fuel. If you do not follow the basic rules, then the boiler will quickly fail and will have to purchase a new one.
The cost of a diesel engine is quite high, which means that the profitability of such equipment remains in doubt.
In recent years, boilers that run on used oil have been very popular. The unique burner is designed in such a way that it burns fuel without any problems. The main advantage of using such a complex at its affordable cost, because mining costs several times cheaper than diesel fuel. At the same time, the efficiency is as high as that of diesel plants, so the user will not feel the difference in the amount of heat received, but can save money.
The main advantage of such models over gas models is that it will not be necessary to develop any projects and obtain permission for the installation or equipment of the complex. The benefit of using such a boiler room also consists in a quick payback.
In order to choose the best option, you need to take into account all your needs and take into account the advantages and disadvantages of each type of autonomous boiler room. Based on the collected data, it will be possible to choose the most suitable option.
The power of the boiler room is also important in the selection process . It is worth calculating how much space it will have to warm up, and then begin arranging an individual heating system.
The region where such a complex will be installed should also be taken into account. For example, if the area is far from the gas main, then there is no point in installing gas boiler houses, but it is better to give preference to other options.
Overview of the boiler company Prometheus, see the next video.