Saintpaulia is one of the most popular indoor plants. Often it is called violet for its resemblance to real violets. Moreover, this word sounds more beautiful and romantic. These beautiful and so beloved by many people flowers are actually very interesting and very easy to grow at home.
This plant was discovered by Baron Walter von Saint-Paul in 1892. The botanist Herman Wendland singled him out as a separate genus and named him after the family of the baron. Senpolies appeared in Europe at the end of the 19th century and soon became unusually popular all over the world. Now we can easily recognize indoor violets by a short stalk, leathery leaves with villi and beautiful, various shades, flowers with five petals, which are collected in a brush. Today, more than thirty thousand varieties of indoor violets are known.
Violets sport - what does it mean?
Under the word "sport" in the culture of growing Saintpoly, flower growers mean children of violets that arose in the process of gene mutation and did not inherit maternal coloration. This applies to changing colors and shapes of not only flowers, but also leaves. Often, sport appears when breeding two or three-colored stained senpolia. Sometimes such children are even more beautiful than the mother plant, but still breeders rank the sport as marriage.
These senpolis cannot be bred, are not bred in a separate variety and are not registered in special registers.
Subtleties of the names of varieties
As noted earlier, there are currently a huge number of varieties of Saintpaulia. Many people who are not familiar with the intricacies of the rules of selection often have the question of what kind of mysterious capital letters are in front of the names of varieties of violets. The answer is very simple. These letters most often mean the initials of the breeder who brought him out. For example, LE - this means Elena Lebetskaya, RS - Svetlana Repkina.
Features of the variety "Fairy"
This variety was bred by Tatyana Lvovna Dadoyan in 2010. This is a photophilous, slowly growing senpolia up to fifteen centimeters high. She has large double white flowers with a pink tint in the center and with a spectacular raspberry fringing. The leaves are large, dark green, wavy at the edges.
Sport of this variety grows without a border.
Violet "Fire Moths"
The author of this bright Saintpoly variety is breeder Konstantin Morev. The plant is medium sized with small green leaves with wavy edges. Flowers can be ordinary or semi-double crimson in the center and white at the edges, in shape they look like pansies. Petals of this violet are framed by graceful ruches of greenish color.
This variety blooms very long, does not require special care, but, like all senpolis, it does not like hot sunshine.
Saintpaulia LE Silk Lace
A variety of the famous breeder Elena Anatolievna Lebetskaya, who created more than three hundred new varieties of violets. This half-minis Saintpoly has large wine-red flowers with corrugated edges, similar to pansies. To the touch, the texture of the petals is very reminiscent of silk. This variety is charming not only flowers, but also colorful wavy leaves.
Flowering, subject to the general rules for the care of violets, lasts a long time.
Violet LE-Fuchsian Lace
This violet has large double flowers of a bright fuchsia shade, edged with a strongly corrugated light green fringe that resembles lace. The socket is compact, wavy leaves in the shape of a heart, reddish below. Flowering is long and plentiful. This is not an easy variety to grow, demanding on the conditions of detention. It forms sports with pink or white-pink flowers, light colors with leaves and petioles.
The variety was bred by Svetlana Repkina in 2009. This is a standard size senpolia with wavy green leaves. She has large simple or semi-double flowers of bright blue color, corrugated at the edges. At the tips of the petals there is a salad shade of fringe. If the buds form at a warm temperature, then fringe may be absent.
Grade AV-Dried apricots
Moscow breeder Aleksey Pavlovich Tarasov, also known as the Fialvod, introduced this variety in 2015. This plant has large raspberry-coral flowers, similar to pansies. The leaves are pointed, dark green, serrated and slightly wavy. This senpolia has a standard size.
It does not require special care at home.
Violet LE-Sedoy Graf
This variety has very unusual flowers of gray-violet color with an ashy shade. Blue-purple flowers have a gray corrugated border, and at the edge of the petal, the lilac color turns into a dark purple hue, saturated with green. A fringe of green fringe runs along the edges of the petals. This senpolia has a long flowering, in the process of wilting "gray hair" appears more distinctly. The leaves of this spectacular violet are variegated and wavy, with a white border. LE-Dauphin is a sport from this variety.
Features of the senpole of LE-Greza Sultan
Standard violet with large purple-lilac semi-double flowers, with translucent veins and a light border. On peduncles there are up to those buds. The leaves of this variety are very beautiful: large with green and white variegation. From a large number of fertilizers, they can turn green and lose their originality.
This violet grows slowly, does not bloom very soon, does not like bright lighting.
Varietal violet LE-Astrea
This standard size senpolia has large semi-terry flowers of amazing beauty, bright coral flowers strewn with blue contrasting splashes. The leaves are large and variegated (white-green hues), slightly wavy. The plant is a standard size, but with a large rosette. Children of this variety grow seamlessly and quickly. This violet gives a lot of blue and pink sports, LE-Asia and LE-Aisha are fixed.
Whatever kind of senpolia you choose for growing, these flowers will give you a lot of positive emotions. And who knows what your passion for violets will grow into, because eminent breeders also once began their journey by buying the first violet in their collection.
About what the differences between violets Sort and Sport are, see the video.